Parvana, Pārvaṇa, Parvaṇa: 9 definitions

Introduction

Parvana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Parvaṇa (पर्वण).—A company of rākṣasas and devils. Parvaṇas, Patanas, Jambhas, Kharas, Krodhavaśas, Haris, Prarujas, Arujas and Praghasas belonged to a group of invisible demons and they fought against Śrī Rāma on the side of Rāvaṇa. (Chapter 285, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Parvana (पर्वन) refers to a classification of pūjā (ritualistic worship) according to the Kāmikāgama (v. 4.376).—The Āgamas have several different classifications of nityapūjā (daily worship), based on the number of offerings, frequency, time duration and so on. The nomenclature also varies between Āgamas. The essence however is similar. Kāmikāgama classifies pūjā into three types, [...] that which ends with dīpa is parvana, that which ends with naivedya is pūjana and that which ends with bali is śāntika.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)

Pārvaṇa (पार्वण) refers to one of the seven Pākasaṃsthās or Pākayajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Pārvaṇa] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pārvaṇa (पार्वण).—m S A particular śrāddha. 2 n A triad of successive ancestors to whose manes unitedly a śrāddha is performed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārvaṇa (पार्वण).—a. (-ṇī f.) [पर्वणि भवः अण् (parvaṇi bhavaḥ aṇ)]

1) Belonging or relating to a Parvan, falling on a Parva day, such as the full-moon, new-moon &c.; पश्यति स्म दिनात्यये पार्वणौ शशिदिवाकराविव (paśyati sma dinātyaye pārvaṇau śaśidivākarāviva) R.11.82; Mu.3.1.

2) Waxing, increasing (as the moon).

-ṇam The ceremony of offering oblations to all the manes at a Parvan; अमावास्यां यत् क्रियते तत् पार्वणमुदाहृतम् । क्रियते वा पर्वणि यत् तत् पार्वणमिति स्मृतिः (amāvāsyāṃ yat kriyate tat pārvaṇamudāhṛtam | kriyate vā parvaṇi yat tat pārvaṇamiti smṛtiḥ) || Bhaviṣya. P.; also पार्वणश्राद्धम् (pārvaṇaśrāddham).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārvaṇa (पार्वण) or Pārvvaṇa.—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) m.

(-ṇaḥ) A sort of deer. n.

(-ṇaṃ) The general funeral ceremony to be offered to all the manes at the Parva, or conjunction of the sun and moon, at which double oblations are offered; three cakes to the father, paternal grandfather, and great grandfather; and three to the maternal grandfather, his father, and grandfather; and the crumbs of each set to the remoter ancestors in each line. f. (-ṇī) 1. Belonging or relating to a Parvan. 2. Waxing, increasing. E. parva a knot, &c. aff. aṇ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parvaṇa (पर्वण).—[masculine] [Name] of a demon; [feminine] ī the period of a change of the moon.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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