Parushyavada, Pāruṣyavāda, Parushya-vada: 1 definition

Introduction

Parushyavada means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pāruṣyavāda can be transliterated into English as Parusyavada or Parushyavada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parushyavada in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Pāruṣyavāda (पारुष्यवाद) refers to “harmful speech”; the abstinence thereof represents one of the three paths classified as vākkarma-patha” (paths of vocal action) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—The paths of vocal action (vākkarma-patha) are four in number: abstaining from falsehood (mṛṣāvāda), slander (paiśunyavāda), harmful speech (pāruṣyavāda) and thoughtless speech (saṃbhinnapralāpa).

2) Pāruṣyavāda (पारुष्यवाद) refers to the five hundred “harmful words”, addressed to the Buddha, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLII.—When a Brāhman addressed five hundred harmful words (pāruṣyavāda) to the Buddha in the full assembly, the Buddha neither changed color nor feeling. And when the same Brāhman, his mind having been tamed, retracted and praised the Buddha with five hundred eulogies, the Buddha manifested neither pleasure (prīti) nor satisfaction (āttamanas). In blame (nindā) as in praise (praśaṃsā), his feelings and his color remain unchanged.

Note: This concerns a young Brāhman of the Bhāradvāja clan whose name was Piṅgika or Paiṅgika in Sanskrit, Piṅgiyānin in Pāli and whose surname was Ākrośaka, the insulter.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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