Parshad, Parṣad, Pārṣad: 7 definitions

Introduction

Parshad means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Parṣad and Pārṣad can be transliterated into English as Parsad or Parshad, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Parṣad (पर्षद्) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Parṣadā forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Ākāśacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the ākāśacakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Parṣad] are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Parṣad.—(LL), a congregation. Note: parṣad is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parṣad (पर्षद्).—f. [pṛṣ-adi]

1) An assembly, a meeting, conclave; परीतो भूतपर्षद्भिः (parīto bhūtaparṣadbhiḥ) Bhāg.3.14.23;1.83.21.

2) Particularly, a religious synod or assembly; चत्वारो वेदधर्मज्ञाः पर्षत् (catvāro vedadharmajñāḥ parṣat) Y.1.9. °वलः (valaḥ) A member of an assembly; पर्षद्वलान् महाब्रह्मैराट नैकटिकाश्रमान् (parṣadvalān mahābrahmairāṭa naikaṭikāśramān) Bk.4.12.

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Pārṣad (पार्षद्).—f. An assembly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parṣad (पर्षद्).—f. (-ṣad or ṣat) An assembly, an audience. E. pṛṣ to please, Unadi aff. adi; also pariṣad.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parṣad (पर्षद्).—parṣad = pariṣad (q. cf.), f. An assembly, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 14, 23.

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Pārṣad (पार्षद्).— (cf. pārṣada), m. pl. The retinue of a god, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 6, 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parṣad (पर्षद्).—[feminine] = pariṣad.

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Pārṣad (पार्षद्).—[plural] = seq. [masculine] [plural]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parṣad (पर्षद्):—f. = pari-ṣad, an assembly, audience, company, society, [Gṛhya-sūtra; Yājñavalkya] etc. (4 kinds of society, [Divyāvadāna 299, 14]).

2) Pārṣad (पार्षद्):—[from pārṣata] 1. pārṣad Vṛddhi form of pṛṣad in [compound]

3) 2. pārṣad f. (cf. next) an assembly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [plural] the attendance or retinue of a god, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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