Parpataka, Parpaṭaka: 8 definitions



Parpataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Parpataka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Parpaṭaka (पर्पट) is a Sanskrit word [probably] referring to Hedyotis corymbosa, from the Rubiaceae family. Certain plant parts of Parpaṭaka are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”.

2) Parpaṭaka (पर्पटक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Rangia repens (trailing rungia), a species of plant from the Acanthaceae (acanthus). It is also known as Parpaṭa. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. Other commonly used English names include “creeping rungia”. It is an annual herb, growing 10-30 cm tall. It is commonly found in the grasslands in the Western Ghats. Flowering: November.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Parpaṭaka (पर्पटक) refers to a medicinal plant known as Fumaria indica Hausskn., and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Parpaṭaka). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Parpaṭaka (पर्पटक) refers to the medicinal plant Fumaria parviflora Lamk. Syn. Fumaria indica Pugsley, and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Parpaṭaka] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant Fumaria parviflora Lamk. Syn. Fumaria indica Pugsley (Parpaṭaka) is also known as Parpaṭa according to both the Ayurvedic Formulary and the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Parpaṭaka (पर्पटक) is another name for Parpaṭa, a medicinal plant identified with various varieties and species, according to verse 5.8-10 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Parpaṭaka and Parpaṭa, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parpataka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Parpaṭaka (पर्पटक).—(-parpaṭaka), m. (= Sanskrit °ṭa, a kind of cake; AMg. pappaḍa, a thin paper-like dried cake, [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary]; in Pali only recorded in bhūmi-pappaṭaka), noted only in bhū-, bhūmi-, pṛthivī-p°, qq.v., all of which (certainly the first two) seem clearly to mean a kind of edible mushroom (like Pali bhūmi-p°, above); lit. earth-(pan)cake or the like.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parpaṭaka (पर्पटक):—[from parp] m. a species of medicinal plant (= paṭa), [Suśruta; Caraka; Bhāvaprakāśa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Parpaṭaka (पर्पटक):—m. = parpaṭa [1.] [Bhāvaprakāśa im Śabdakalpadruma] u. parpaṭa; tikta = parpaṭakauṣadha [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 171. -] [Suśruta 1, 221, 5. 2, 64, 17. 415, 15.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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