Parokshartha, Parokṣārtha, Paroksha-artha: 10 definitions


Parokshartha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parokṣārtha can be transliterated into English as Paroksartha or Parokshartha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parokshartha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ) refers to the “reality beyond the senses” [?], according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Such is the Śāmbhava piercing, beyond thought, one should know it for oneself. It has been explained through the venerable Process of Absorption (alaṃgrāsa-krama). By recollecting the Buddhist and other Siddhas, the piercing (vedha) which is devoid of thought constructs and which is directly perceptible (pratyakṣa) arises in order (to realise) the reality beyond the senses [i.e., parokṣārtha]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

[«previous next»] — Parokshartha in Kavyashastra glossary
Source: Sreenivasarao’s blog: Kavya and Indian Poetics

Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ) refers to the “indirect (and emotive) meaning of poetry”.—The Dhvani School put forward by Anandavardhana (Ca. 850 AD) through his Dhvanyaloka (also called Kavyaloka and Sahridayaloka), brought focus on the potential power of the word in a kavya. Here, the word (sabda) together with its literal sense (vakyartha) is said to form the body of kavya, it is its cloak.  But, the essence of poetry is elsewhere; it is not directly visible; and, that essence is the suggested sense of the word (vyanjana-artha). In other words: it is not the direct literal and obvious meaning that is explicit in poetry, but it is the suggested, indirect (paroksha-artha) and emotive meaning that matters. It does not mean that words and primary meanings are unimportant. 

What is suggested here is that:  though the words of a kavya and their literal sense must be given their due importance, they are but a medium for emotive and indirect meaning to flash forth. In good poetry, this suggested meaning dominates over the words and their literal meaning. As Anandavardhana puts it, the latter are compared to a woman’s body and the former to her grace and beauty which is a subtler manifestation and a more profound meaning of the womanhood.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

[«previous next»] — Parokshartha in Arthashastra glossary
Source: Narayana - The Hitopadesa

Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ) refers to “supernal things”, according to the Hitopadeśa Prastāvanā verse 9-11.—Accordingly, “On the banks of the river Bhāgīrathī there lies a city called Pāṭaliputra. In it there reigned a king named Sudarśana, who was possessed of all the royal virtues. Once this monarch heard someone recite two verses: ‘It explains even things supernal [i.e., parokṣārtha], It sees through every doubt with speed. Science is the eye eternal—Who knows it not is blind indeed. Youth, great wealth, authority, And lack of discrimination: Each one can cause calamity—More so, their aggregation’.”.

Source: Hitopadesa : a new literal translation from the Sanskrit text of prof. F. Johnson

Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ) refers to “invisible objects”, according to the Hitopadeśa Prastāvanā verse 9-11.—Accordingly, “There is on the banks of the Bhāgīrathī a city named Paṭaliputra: a king named Sudarśana, possessed of every lordly virtue, was there. This king once heard these two verses being recited by somebody: ‘The resolver of many doubts, the revealer of invisible objects [i.e., parokṣārtha], the eye of all (is) learning; of whom it is not, he truly (is) blind. Youth, riches, power, and inconsiderateness, each singly (lead) to disadvantage; how much more (so) where all four (are united)’.”.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parokshartha in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ) refers to an “absolutely imperceptible object”, according to Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.6.—Accordingly, “[...] Thus some propound the theory of the six elements while not taking the sense organs into account in any way, [and] others defend the theory of the two [sorts of combinations of four elements—namely, the sort that produces consciousness and the one that does not—without taking imperceptible sense organs into account either]. And exactly in the same way, ordinary human practice [can] be entirely accounted for without any investigation about an absolutely imperceptible object (parokṣārtha-anveṣaṇa) [considered as] something more than phenomena. Therefore speculating about this [absolutely imperceptible object] is [nothing but] air. [...]”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parokshartha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ).—a. having a secret meaning.

Parokṣārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms parokṣa and artha (अर्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ).—n.

(-rthaṃ) An absent or invisible object. E. parokṣa, and artha object.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ):—[=paro-kṣārtha] [from paro-kṣa > paro > para] mfn. having a secret or recondite meaning

2) [v.s. ...] n. an absent or invisible object, [Hitopadeśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ):—[parokṣā+rtha] (rthaṃ) 1. n. Invisible thing.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parokshartha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Parokṣārtha (परोक्षार्थ):—(nm) implication, indirect/implied meaning.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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