Pariyatra, aka: Pāriyātra; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pariyatra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Pariyatra in Purana glossaries]

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र):—Son of Anīha (son of Devānīka). He had a son named Balasthala. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.2)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu.

2) Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—One of the seven holy mountains (kulaparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—A mountain of Purāṇic fame. The deity of this mountain Pāriyātra was a member of the court of Kubera. The āśrama of the celebrated sage Gautama, was on this mountain. The sage Mārkaṇḍeya once saw this mountain in the belly of Bālamukunda. This mountain is situated on the western side of Mahāmeru. (Śloka 115, Chapter 188, Vana Parva).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—Mt. a hill in Bhāratavarṣa and on the west of the Meru; a Kulaparvata;1 the place where Tāraka performed penance;2 gives rise to many rivers.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 27; 19. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 19. Matsya-purāṇa 114. 18; 148. 7-10; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 89; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 43; 3. 3.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 162. 6; 163, 80.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 98.

1b) Son of Anīha and father of Balasthala (Bala, Bhāgavata-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 2.

1c) A monkey chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 233.

1d) The son of Ahīnaga and father of Dala.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 204.

1e) The kingdom of.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 17.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Pariyatra in Katha glossaries]

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—One of the eight kulaparvatas (boundary-mountains) mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Pāriyātra is me of the kulaparvatas in the Kumāridvīpa. This may be identified with the north-western part of the Vindhya range extending right upto the gulf of Cambay. Apte considers that Pāriyātra is probably the same as the Sewalik mounts.ins which runs parallel to the Himālaya and guard the Gangetic Doab on the north-east.

(Source): Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
context information

Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Kavya (poetry)

[Pariyatra in Kavya glossaries]

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—One of the Kulaparvatas in the Kumārīdvīpa, which may be identified with the north-western part of the Vindhya Range extending right unto the Gulf of Cambay.

(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Pariyatra in Itihasa glossaries]

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.10, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pāriyātra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Pāriyātra also refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.10, VI.10.10).

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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India history and geogprahy

[Pariyatra in India history glossaries]

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) or Pāripātra is the name of one of the seven kulaparvata (clan mountain) of Bhāratavarṣa, associated with a distinct country or tribe.—As ascertained by Professor Hemachandra Raychaudhuri, Pāriyātra is the mountain par excellence of the Niṣadas.

(Source): archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) refers to one of the seven kulaparvatas (chief mountains) mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. Pāriyātra refers to that portion of the modern Vindhya range which is situated west of Bhopal, and also the Aravalli mountains (Pargiter).

(Source): archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Pariyatra hill was one of the s even sacred hills as mentioned in various Puranas including Nilamata Purana. Most probably, Pariyatra hill was also known as Vishnupada hill during the time of Naga dynasty. Naga King Candra erected the Iron Pillar on this hill. It appears that either Naga Kings moved this pillar to Delhi region when they lost their kingdom of Sonabhadra to Abhiras or Tomara King Anangpal brought it to Delhi and installed it around 390 CE.

(Source): academia.edu: Who was the Indian King Sandrokottus?
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Pariyatra in Sanskrit glossaries]

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—Name of one of the seven principal mountain ranges; उच्चैः शिरस्त्वाज्जितपारियात्रं लक्ष्मीः सिषेवे किल पारियात्रम् (uccaiḥ śirastvājjitapāriyātraṃ lakṣmīḥ siṣeve kila pāriyātram) R.18.16; see कुलाचल (kulācala).

Derivable forms: pāriyātraḥ (पारियात्रः).

See also (synonyms): pāripātra.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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