Pariyatra, Pāriyātra: 24 definitions


Pariyatra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pariyatra in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र):—Son of Anīha (son of Devānīka). He had a son named Balasthala. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.2)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Asitoda and mount Vipula, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Vipula mountain lies on the western side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu.

2) Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—One of the seven holy mountains (kulaparvata) situated in Bhārata, a region south of mount Meru, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. In the settlements (janapada) along these mountains dwell Āryas and Mlecchas who drink water from the rivers flowing there. Meru is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, which is ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—A mountain of Purāṇic fame. The deity of this mountain Pāriyātra was a member of the court of Kubera. The āśrama of the celebrated sage Gautama, was on this mountain. The sage Mārkaṇḍeya once saw this mountain in the belly of Bālamukunda. This mountain is situated on the western side of Mahāmeru. (Śloka 115, Chapter 188, Vana Parva).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) is the name of a Mountain, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.37 (“The letter of betrothal is dispatched”).—Accordingly, as Himavat prepared the wedding of Menā and Śiva: “[...] O celestial sage, listen to a detailed narration of the arrival of those mountains. [...] O dear, the delighted mountain Niṣadha came along with his attendants. He was very brilliant. The fortunate mountain Gandhamādana came with great pleasure along with his children and womenfolk. Mountains Karavīra and Mahendra of great wealth and prosperity also came there. Pāriyātra came with attendants, children and womenfolk. He was brilliant and delighted. He had brought many gems and jewels with him. [...]”.

Note: Pāriyātra or Pāripātra was the name applied to the Western Vindhyas together with the Aravelly range.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—Mt. a hill in Bhāratavarṣa and on the west of the Meru; a Kulaparvata;1 the place where Tāraka performed penance;2 gives rise to many rivers.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 16. 27; 19. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 19. Matsya-purāṇa 114. 18; 148. 7-10; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 89; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 43; 3. 3.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 162. 6; 163, 80.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 98.

1b) Son of Anīha and father of Balasthala (Bala, Bhāgavata-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 2.

1c) A monkey chief.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 233.

1d) The son of Ahīnaga and father of Dala.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 204.

1e) The kingdom of.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 17.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.10, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pāriyātra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Pāriyātra also refers to the name of a Mountain mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.10, VI.10.10).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pariyatra in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—One of the eight kulaparvatas (boundary-mountains) mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Pāriyātra is me of the kulaparvatas in the Kumāridvīpa. This may be identified with the north-western part of the Vindhya range extending right upto the gulf of Cambay. Apte considers that Pāriyātra is probably the same as the Sewalik mounts.ins which runs parallel to the Himālaya and guard the Gangetic Doab on the north-east.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—One of the Kulaparvatas in the Kumārīdvīpa, which may be identified with the north-western part of the Vindhya Range extending right unto the Gulf of Cambay.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pariyatra in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) is the name of a region whose waters (i.e., rivers) are promotive of strength and virility, as mentioned in verse 5.11-12 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] (those) [rivers, viz., nadī] again springing from the Sahya and Vindhya; [produce] leprosy, jaundice, and diseases of the head; (those) coming from the Pāriyātra (are) destructive of the (three) humours (and) promotive of strength and virility”.

Note: The Vindhya is the eastern division of the Vindhya mountains, as against the Pāripātra or Pāriyātra, their northern and western division (see next stanza).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pariyatra in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) (Cf. Pāriyātrika) refers to an ancient kingdom or tribe of people, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Mars should be eclipsed by Rāhu [—the eclipsed or eclipsing lunar or solar disc as the case may be], the people of Āvanti, those living on the banks of the Kāverī and the Narmada and haughty princes will be afflicted with miseries. [...] If Saturn should be so eclipsed, the people of Marubhava, of Puṣkara and of Saurāṣṭra, the minerals, the low classes inhabiting the Arbuda hills, and the hillmen of Gomanta and Pāriyātrā will perish immediately”.

2) Pāriyatra (पारियत्र) or Pāriyātranaga refers to a mountain (range) belonging to “Madhyadeśa (central division)” classified under the constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa represent the Madhyadeśa or central division consisting of the countries of [i.e., Pāriyatra] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) refers to a “nine-storied” variety of the hundred types of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—It is quite difficult to say about a definite number of varieties of Hindu temples but in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa hundred varieties of temples have been enumerated. For example, Pāriyātra. These temples are classified according to the particular shape, amount of storeys and other common elements, such as the number of pavilions, doors and roofs.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pariyatra in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) refers to the “Western Vindhya (mountain) range”, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Though dismissed by Rāghava again and again, they all went along with hopes fixed on his return. Jānakī, Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa reached a forest on Pāriyātra which was the abode of terrible wild animals, with no human inhabitants, densely wooded. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) or Pāripātra is the name of one of the seven kulaparvata (clan mountain) of Bhāratavarṣa, associated with a distinct country or tribe.—As ascertained by Professor Hemachandra Raychaudhuri, Pāriyātra is the mountain par excellence of the Niṣadas.

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) refers to one of the seven kulaparvatas (chief mountains) mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. Pāriyātra refers to that portion of the modern Vindhya range which is situated west of Bhopal, and also the Aravalli mountains (Pargiter).

Source: Who was the Indian King Sandrokottus?

Pariyatra hill was one of the s even sacred hills as mentioned in various Puranas including Nilamata Purana. Most probably, Pariyatra hill was also known as Vishnupada hill during the time of Naga dynasty. Naga King Candra erected the Iron Pillar on this hill. It appears that either Naga Kings moved this pillar to Delhi region when they lost their kingdom of Sonabhadra to Abhiras or Tomara King Anangpal brought it to Delhi and installed it around 390 CE.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pariyatra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—Name of one of the seven principal mountain ranges; उच्चैः शिरस्त्वाज्जितपारियात्रं लक्ष्मीः सिषेवे किल पारियात्रम् (uccaiḥ śirastvājjitapāriyātraṃ lakṣmīḥ siṣeve kila pāriyātram) R.18.16; see कुलाचल (kulācala).

Derivable forms: pāriyātraḥ (पारियात्रः).

See also (synonyms): pāripātra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) or Pāriyātraka.—m. (= Sanskrit pārijāta, °taka, which also occurs here, name of a heavenly tree; Pali pāricchattaka, also rarely pārijāta, °taka, compare Childers; see Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names), and under our kovidāra, which is sometimes equated with this; the form °yātra(ka) is supported by Chin., Ware, JAOS 48.160, note, and Tibetan below, and should not be emended), name of a heavenly tree: °traka Mahāvastu i.267.1 (v.l. °jātaka); of a heavenly grove (perhaps formed by a single enormous tree, compare s.v. kovidāra), Mahāvastu i.32.4, read °yātra with v.l. for Senart °pātra; Divyāvadāna 194.3, 11 °yātraka; either grove or tree, Mahāvastu i.358.6 (read °yātro for mss. and Senart °pātro); Mahāvyutpatti 4198 °yātraḥ, so also Mironov (with- out v.l.), not to be em., Tibetan ḥdus-brtol supports yātrā, assembly; Divyāvadāna 219.20, mss. °yātrako, while in 219.27 they seem to read °jātakaḥ; Gaṇḍavyūha 501.11 °yātrakasya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र).—m.

(-traḥ) The name of one of the seven principal mountains: see pāripātra, also with kan added, pāriyātraka, or with ṭhaka aff. pāriyātrika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pāriyātra (पारियात्र):—[=pāri-yātra] [from pāri] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) Name of the western Vindhya range, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta] etc. (also -ka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a man (son of Ahīna-gu), [Raghuvaṃśa; Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र):—(traḥ) 1. m. A mountain.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāriyātra (पारियात्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāriyatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pariyatra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pariyatra in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pāriyātra (ಪಾರಿಯಾತ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a range of mountains in the central India.

2) [noun] name of a country; the central or western portion of the Vindhya range of mountains.

3) [noun] that which belongs to or originated from this country.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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