Parivartaka: 8 definitions


Parivartaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Parivartaka (परिवर्तक, “change of action”) refers to one of the four varieties of the grand style (sāttvatī), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 22. Sāttvatī represents one of the four styles (vṛtti) employed in a dramatic production.

(Instructions): “if after leaving the thing which caused the rising up, one takes to other things due to some necessity, it is called the change of action (parivartaka).

2) Parivartaka (परिवर्तक) refers to one of the thirty-three alaṃkāras (embellishments), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. These alaṃkāras, or, ‘embellishments of song’, depend upon the four types of varṇas, which refers to a specific order of musical notes (svara). They are attached to the songs of seven forms, although not generally used in the dhruvās.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “parivartaka is eight kalās in which a note ascends to the third one from it and skips over the next one to ascend in the note following, and descends in the same manner in the next kalā”.


Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parivartaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parivartaka (परिवर्तक).—a.

1) Causing to turn round or revolve.

2) Requiting, exchanging.

3) Turning round.

4) Concluding, मासर्तुसंज्ञापरिवर्तकेण (māsartusaṃjñāparivartakeṇa) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.321.92.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Parivartaka (परिवर्तक).—m. or nt. (= °ta, 2), chapter, section (of a work): prathame °take Mahāvastu iii.411.18 (referring to what?).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parivartaka (परिवर्तक).—i. e. pari-vṛt, [Causal.], + aka, I. adj. 1. Causing to revolve, Mahābhārata 3, 13105. 2. Causing to flow back, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 46, 143. Ii. m. A proper name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parivartaka (परिवर्तक):—[=pari-vartaka] [from pari-vṛt] mfn. causing to turn round or flow back, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] bringing to an end, concluding ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] m. (in [rhetoric]) the artificial separation of vowels and consonants to get another meaning of a word, [Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti iv, 1, 6]

4) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) change of occupation, [Bharata-nāṭya-śāstra; Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] exchange, barter, [Vasiṣṭha]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Duḥ-saha (son of Mṛtyu), [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Parivartaka (परिवर्तक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pariaṭṭaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parivartaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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