Parivaralaya, aka: Parivārālaya, Parivara-alaya; 2 Definition(s)


Parivaralaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Parivaralaya in Vastushastra glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Parivārālaya (परिवारालय) refers to “shrines of attendant deities”. It may be built (for example) on the inner side of the prākāra (wall built around a building).

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Parivārālaya (परिवारालय) is a shrine built for the attendant deity of the main deity of the temple. It is a subsidiary shrine. Therefore it is always small in size. It may be attached or detached or may be inside or out side the main shrine. According to Hindu tradition the parivāra or the retinue of the main deity is big and elaborate. It may consist of the different forms of the main deity, consort of the main deity and her different forms, the family of the main deity, mounts (vāhanas), associated Gods and Goddesses and their different forms, the saptamatṛkas, aṣṭadigpālas, navagrahas, dvārapālakas, gaṇas, the great sages (ṛṣis), the great saints (bhaktas) and sometimes even the patrons.

Mānasāra mentions three groups of eight, sixteen and thirty-two parivāralāyas and it further states that these groups are fit for adhama (small), madhyama (medium) and uttama (big) temples. Mayamata gives four groups of parivāralāyas consisting of eight, twelve, sixteen and thirty-two shrines. However, all the Texts mention that separate shrines are to be constructed for the different deities of the temple.

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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