Parityaga, Parityāga: 21 definitions


Parityaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Parityag.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parityaga in Vedanta glossary
Source: Google Books: Sankara’s Vedanta through His Upanisad Commentaries

Parityāga (परित्याग) means “complete letting go” or complete abandoning” and represents a term used for renunciation.—Śaṅkara often uses terms for renunciation drawn from the Bṛhadāraṇyaka-upaniṣad: vyutthāna (“transcendence”—literally “intensely rising up or away from”), bhikṣācārya (“begging”) and parivrājin (“one who goes forth”—appearing mostly in its derivative form parivrājaka, which by the medieval period designated the most radical type of renunciation). But he also interjects the synonyms saṃnyāsa (“set down completely”) and tyāga (“letting go” or “abandoning”) or parityāga (“complete letting go” or complete abandoning) both widely used in epic sources such as the Bhagavadgītā and in more specialized medieval Vedānta sources focusing exclusively on renunciation.

Vedanta book cover
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parityaga in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Parityāga (परित्याग) refers to “abandoning (all obligations)” (relating to the practice of caste and religious observances), according to the Gorakṣasiddhāntasaṅgraha, a text dealing with Yoga quoting from approximately seventy-two sources including the Amanaska Yoga treatise.—Accordingly, [while describing the true Guru]: “[...] In the Amanaska, [it is said]: ‘Indeed, the guru who has transcended Kaula practices is unique and rare’. Thus, caste and religious observances which are taught, do not exist. The [guru is one who] abandons all obligations (sarva-ārambha-parityāga) in the practice of caste and religious observances [varṇāśramācāre sarvārambhaparityāga iti]. Moreover, the Avadhūta alone is [one who] acts according to his view of the true path. He alone is the guru [who] ought to be adopted by those desirous of liberation”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Parityaga in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Parityāga (परित्याग) refers to the “avoidance” (of all sorts of activities), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] The avoidance (parityāga) of all sorts of activities leads only to the liberation of the soul. But the performance of the duties prescribed for one’s own caste, leads to the attainment of the three other objects of life. That sort of avoidance, however, should be practised with respect to speech and the actions of the body and the mind, which leads to Brahma beyond the reach of speech. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Parityaga in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Parityāga (परित्याग) refers to “relinquishment”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLII.—Accordingly, “[...] furthermore, great wisdom has as its nature the relinquishment (parityāga), the rejection (parivarjana) of dharmas; great loving-kindness and great compassion have as their nature pity for (anukampā) and service (upakāra) to beings. This pity and service are loved by all beings; that is why they call them great loving-kindness and great compassion of the Buddha”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Parityāga (परित्याग) refers to “giving up (the vices of all living beings)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “When this had been said, the Lord said to the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja: ‘[...] Son of good family, [the Bodhisattva] who gives a gift in such a way, completely gives up the vices of all living beings (sarvasatva-kleśa-parityāga) by insight and knowledge, but he does not abandon any living being by the knowledge of expedient means. In a such a way, son of good family, the generosity of a Bodhisattva with a mind set on giving up becomes like the expanse of the sky’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Parityaga in Jainism glossary
Source: HereNow4u: Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2)

Parityāga (परित्याग) refers to “sacrifice” and is one of the topics treated in the Jñātādharmakathā, one of the Dvādaśāṅgī (twelve Aṅgas) of Jainism.—The Jñātādharmakathā is the sixth text of the Aṅga series. The text narrates religious stories, citing examples. It deals with a multitude of topics like—the cities, gardens, auspicious installations (caityas), forests, kings, parents, samavaśaraṇas (holy conference / congregation hall), dharmācāryas (religious preceptors / leaders), religious parables, mundane and spiritual prosperity, luxury (bhoga), parityāga (sacrifice), pravrajyā (initiation), severe austerities, achieving pious death (e.g. paryāya saṃlekhanās, bhakta pratyākhyāna, pādopagamana, (going to heaven)), birth in high family, enlightenment, last-rites (antaha) of Meghakumāra etc. [...]

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Parityāga.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXIV, p. 10, text line 2), do- nation; cf. deyadharma-parityāga. Note: parityāga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parityaga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parityāga (परित्याग).—m S Abandonment, quitting, utterly giving up or leaving.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parityāga (परित्याग).—m Abandonment, quitting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parityaga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parityāga (परित्याग).—

1) Leaving, quitting, abandonment, desertion, repudiation (as a wife &c.); अपरित्यागमयाचतात्मनः (aparityāgamayācatātmanaḥ)- R.8.12; कृतसीतापरित्यागः (kṛtasītāparityāgaḥ) 15.1.

2) Giving up, renouncing, discarding, renunciation, abdication &c.; स्वनाम- परित्यागं करोमि (svanāma- parityāgaṃ karomi) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1. 'I shall forego my name'; प्रापणात् सर्वकामानां परित्यागो विशिष्यते (prāpaṇāt sarvakāmānāṃ parityāgo viśiṣyate) Manusmṛti 2.95.

3) Neglect, omission; मोहात्तस्य (mohāttasya) (karmaṇaḥ) परित्यागस्तामसः परिकीर्तितः (parityāgastāmasaḥ parikīrtitaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 18.7.

4) Giving away, liberality.

5) Loss, privation.

6) A sacrifice.

7) Separation from.

Derivable forms: parityāgaḥ (परित्यागः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parityāga (परित्याग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Abandonment, quitting, omission, desertion. 2. Loss, privation. 3. Liberality E. pari away, tyāga quitting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parityāga (परित्याग).—i. e. pari-tyaj + a, m. 1. Abandoning, [Nala] 10, 10. 2. Repudiation, Chr. 7, 12. 3. Neglect, Chr. 22, 25. 4. Resigning, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 166, 11. 5. Sacrifice, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 364.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parityāga (परित्याग).—[masculine] leaving, quitting, abandonment, giving up, rejection, renunciation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Parityāga (परित्याग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—by Vallabhācārya. Hall. p. 147.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parityāga (परित्याग):—[=pari-tyāga] [from pari-tyaj] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) the act of leaving, abandoning, deserting, quitting, giving up, neglecting, renouncing, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] separation from (sakāśāt), [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) liberality, a sacrifice, [Hitopadeśa]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parityāga (परित्याग):—[pari-tyāga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Abandonment.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Parityāga (परित्याग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pariccāga, Pariccāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parityaga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parityaga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Parityāga (परित्याग) [Also spelled parityag]:—(nm) abandonment/abandon, giving up; sacrifice, renunciation; ~[tyāgī] an abandoner; one who makes a sacrifice, one who renounces.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parityaga in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Parityāga (ಪರಿತ್ಯಾಗ):—[noun] the act of giving up, abandoning, forsaking.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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