Parishadya, Pāriṣadya, Pariṣadya: 11 definitions


Parishadya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pāriṣadya and Pariṣadya can be transliterated into English as Parisadya or Parishadya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Parishadya in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य).—One of the ten sub-types of gods (devas), according to Jain cosmology. They are also known by the name Pārṣadya. The occupation of the pāriṣadyas is to act as companions.

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य) refers to a group of deities living in the Īśāna heaven, as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as the door-keeper of the Śrīprabha palace said to the previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha:

“Today, O Lord, we are fortunate, having you as our lord. Show favor to us, humble, with your nectar-like glance. O Master, this is the Īśāna-heaven, granting anything wished for, with great and imperishable glory, always the abode of happiness. In that heaven you now adorn the palace Śrīprabha which was gained by your merit. [...] These are the Pāriṣadya gods, the ministers of pleasures. They will divert your mind in assemblies of sport and pleasure. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishadya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pariṣadya (परिषद्य).—A member of an assembly (councillor, assessor &c.).

Derivable forms: pariṣadyaḥ (परिषद्यः).

See also (synonyms): pariṣada, pariṣadvala.

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Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य).—One present at an assembly, a spectator; cf. P.IV.4.44,11.

Derivable forms: pāriṣadyaḥ (पारिषद्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pariṣadya (परिषद्य).—m. (Sanskrit Lex.) = pāri°, q.v.: amātya-pari° (mss., Senart em. -pāri°) Mahāvastu ii.442.19 (prose).

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Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य).—m. (also pārṣadya; = Pali pārisajja; pāri° Sanskrit Lex. and once Rājat., for regular pāriṣada; also Sanskrit Lex. pārṣadya for regular pārṣada; see also par(i)ṣadya, and s.v. brahmapār(i)ṣadya), member of an assembly or group; pl. retinue; especially, and almost always, said of members of the retinue of a king (or god, or Māra, or the like), and often associated or [compound] especially with amātya (so e.g. Lalitavistara 26.10; Mahāvastu iii.160.19, and many others in the following), or with this and other royal retainers such as dau- vārika (e.g. Lalitavistara 118.11); usually pl.: Lalitavistara 26.10 (prose); 43.15; 50.9; 78.17; 118.11 (prose); 219.19; Mahāvastu ii.443.2 (prose, v.l. pari°), 12, 17, 18; iii.160.19; Divyāvadāna 291.27; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 227.11, read °dyāḥ (all mss. contain y, and meter is better so) for Nobel °dāḥ. See also pārṣada which is used absolutely, like Sanskrit gaṇa.

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Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य) or Pārṣadya.—q.v. for other forms; used exactly in the same way: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 474.8 (prose, māra-p°); Lalitavistara 2.20 (prose, amātya-p°); 55.17 (prose); 118.2 (prose); [Page344-a+ 71] 302.19 (prose); 383.18 (prose); Divyāvadāna 297.16; amātya-p° Mahāvastu iii.129.2; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 230.9; 236.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariṣadya (परिषद्य).—m.

(-dyaḥ) One of a party or assembly, a spectator, a guest. E. See pariṣada, yat being added.

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Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य).—m.

(-dyaḥ) A spectator: see the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य).—i. e. pariṣad + ya, m. One who assists at an assembly, a spectator, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 465.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pariṣadya (परिषद्य):—[=pari-ṣadya] [from pari-ṣad] mfn. to be sought after, [Ṛg-veda vii, 4, 7] ([Nirukta, by Yāska] ‘to be avoided’ [Sāyaṇa] ‘sufficient, adequate, competent’)

2) [v.s. ...] to be worshipped, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā v, 32] ([Mahīdhara] ‘belonging to an assembly’)

3) [v.s. ...] m. a member of an assembly, spectator, guest, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य):—[=pāri-ṣadya] [from pāri] m. a member of an assembly, spectator, councillor, [Rājataraṅgiṇī; Divyāvadāna] (cf. [Pāṇini 4-4, 44; 101]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pariṣadya (परिषद्य):—[pari-ṣadya] (dyaḥ) 1. m. One of a party.

2) Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य):—(dyaḥ) 1. m. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāriṣadya (पारिषद्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pārisajja.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parishadya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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