Parishada, Pāriṣada, Pariṣada: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Parishada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pāriṣada and Pariṣada can be transliterated into English as Parisada or Parishada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pāriṣada (पारिषद).—lit. belonging to the assembly; the term पारिषद (pāriṣada) refers to the results of the discussions held at the assemblies of specially prominent scholars or learned persons ; cf. सर्ववेदपारिषदं हीदं शास्त्रं (sarvavedapāriṣadaṃ hīdaṃ śāstraṃ) (ब्याकरणम् (byākaraṇam)) तत्र नैकः पन्थाः शक्य आस्थातुम् । (tatra naikaḥ panthāḥ śakya āsthātum |) M. Bh. on II. 1. 58; VI. 3.14.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Parishada in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Pāriṣada (पारिषद, “councilors”) refers to one of the ten grades (ranks) of celestial beings (deva), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.4. These celestial beings (devas, gods) are of four orders /classes” and each class of celestial beings has ten grades (e.g., Pāriṣada).

Who are called councilors (pāriṣada)? The courtiers are like friends and companions in the court.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pariṣadā.—(HD), same as sabhā; an assembly or audience. Note: pariṣadā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishada in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pariṣada (परिषद).—A member of an assembly (councillor, assessor &c.).

Derivable forms: pariṣadaḥ (परिषदः).

See also (synonyms): pariṣadya, pariṣadvala.

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Pāriṣada (पारिषद).—a. (- f.) Belonging to an assembly or council.

-daḥ 1 A person present at an assembly, a member of an assembly, such as an assessor.

2) A king's companion.

-dāḥ m. (pl.) The retinue of a god; तिथिष्विव महादेवो वृतः पारिषदां गणैः (tithiṣviva mahādevo vṛtaḥ pāriṣadāṃ gaṇaiḥ) Rām.3.25.12.

-dam Taking part in an assembly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pariṣadā (परिषदा).—(?) , see parṣadā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pariṣada (परिषद).—m.

(-daḥ) A spectator at a play, one of an assembly or congregation. E. pariṣad as above, and aṇ aff.; whence it is more usually pariṣada . or pari + sad-ac .

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Pāriṣada (पारिषद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dī-daṃ) Belonging or relating to an assembly. m.

(-daḥ) 1. A spectator, a person present at an assembly or congregation. 2. A king’s companion. plu. The retinue of a god. E. pariṣad an assembly, aff. aṇ; or with ṇya aff. pāriṣadya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāriṣada (पारिषद).—i. e. pariṣad + a, I. adj. and sbst., Belonging, or one who belongs, to an assembly or council, [Nala] 18, 4. Ii. m. 1. A king’s companion, [Pañcatantra] 156, 18 2. pl. The retinue of a god, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 35, 107. Iii. n. Partaking of an assembly, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 16, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāriṣada (पारिषद).—[adjective] fit for an assembly, decent. [masculine] assessor at a council, [plural] the attendants of a god.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pariṣada (परिषद):—[=pari-ṣada] [from pari-ṣad] [varia lectio] for pāri-ṣada, pārṣada.

2) Pāriṣada (पारिषद):—[=pāri-ṣada] [from pāri] mf(ī)n. (-ṣad) fit for an assembly, decent, [Caraka]

3) [v.s. ...] relating to a village pariṣad [gana] palady-ādi

4) [v.s. ...] m. a member of an assembly, assessor at a council, auditor, spectator, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. ([Rāmāyaṇa] [B.] also -ṣad) [plural] the retinue or attendants of a god, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] n. taking part in an assembly, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pariṣada (परिषद):—[pari-ṣada] (daḥ) 1. m. A spectator at a play or assembly or party.

2) Pāriṣada (पारिषद):—[(daḥ-dā-daṃ) a.] Belonging to an assembly. m. A spectator.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parishada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishada in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pāriṣada (पारिषद) [Also spelled parishad]:—(nm) a councillor, senator; (a) pertaining to [pariṣad].

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishada in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Parisaḍa (परिसड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pariśaṭ.

2) Parisāḍa (परिसाड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pariśāṭa.

3) Parisāḍa (परिसाड) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pariśāṭa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parishada in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pāriṣada (ಪಾರಿಷದ):—[noun] of, pertaining to a council, assembly, board, etc.

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Pāriṣada (ಪಾರಿಷದ):—

1) [noun] a member of a council, assembly, board etc.

2) [noun] a class of attendants or servants of a king or a god.

3) [noun] (jain.) a class of gods in the court of Indra, the chief of gods.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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