Parileyya, Parileyyaka, Pārileyya, Pārileyyaka: 1 definition


Parileyya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A town (nagara) near Kosambi. When the Buddha found that he could not persuade the Kosambi monks to refrain from quarrelling, he left Kosambi alone and unattended, and passing through Balaklonakaragama and Pacinavamsadaya, went to Parileyyaka, where he stayed at the foot of Bhaddasala in the Rakkhitavanasanda. There a certain elephant who, finding communal life distasteful, had left his herd, waited on the Buddha, ministering to all his needs. From Parileyyaka the Buddha went on to Savatthi (Vin.i.352f.; S.iii.95; Ud.iv.5; J.iii.489; M.i.320).

This was in the tenth year after the Enlightenment (BuA., p.3). The Commentaries (E.g., DhA.i.48ff.; iv.26 ff. UdA.250f.; see Thomas, op. cit., 117 n ) say that the elephants name was Parileyya, and describe in vivid detail the perfect manner in which he looked after the Buddha, omitting nothing, even to the extent of finding hot water for his bath. There was also there a monkey who offered the Buddha a honeycomb. Soon after, the monkey fell on a tree stump and died and was born in Tavatimsa.

Later, when Ananda came with five hundred others to invite the Buddha to return to Savatthi, Parileyyaka provided them all with food. He died of a broken heart when the Buddha left the forest, and was born in Tavatimsa in a golden palace, thirty leagues high, where he came to be known as Parileyyaka devaputta.

This elephant is identified with the elephant of the Bhisa Jataka. J.iv.314.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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