Parikkhara, Parikkhāra: 2 definitions


Parikkhara means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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[«previous (P) next»] — Parikkhara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

parikkhāra : (nt.) requisite; accessory; equipment; utensil.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Parikkhāra, (fr. *parikkharoti, cp. late Sk. pariṣkāra) “all that belongs to anything, ” make-up, adornment (so Nd2 585 bāhirā p. of the body).—(a) requisite, accessory, equipment, utensil, apparatus Vin. I, 50, 296 (°colaka cloth required for water-strainers & bags, cp. Vin. Texts II. 229); II, 150 (senāsana°-dussa clothrequirement of seat & bed); IV, 249 sq. , 284; D. I, 128, 137 (yaññassa p. =parivāra DA. I, 297); M. I, 104 (jīvita°); III, 11; S. II, 29; A. IV, 62 (citt’ālaṅkāraṃ citta-parikkhār’atthaṃ dānaṃ), 236 (id.); J. III, 470 (sabba°-sampannaṃ dānaṃ with all that belongs to it); V, 232; Sn. 307; Nd2 585; Nett 1 sq.; 4, 108; DA. I, 294, 299; DhA. I, 38, 240 (geha°), 352 (v. l. for parikara); PvA. 81 (sabba°).—saparikkhāra together with the (other) requisites, i.e. full of resources; used with reference to the samādhiparikkhārā (see below) D. II, 217; M. III, 71.—(b) In a special sense and in very early use it refers to the “set of necessaries” of a Buddhist monk & comprises the 4 indispensable instruments of a mendicant, enumerated in stock phrase “cīvara-piṇḍapāta-senāsana-gilānapaccayabhesajja-p. ” i.e. robe, alms-bowl, seat & bed, medicine as help in illness. Thus frequent found in Canon, e.g. at Vin. III, 132; D. III, 268; S. IV, 288, 291; Nd2 523 (as 1st part of “yañña”); also unspecified, but to be understood as these 4 (different Vin Texts III, 343 which take it to mean the 8 requisites: see below) at Vin. II, 267.—Later we find another set of mendicants’requisites designated as “aṭṭha parikkhārā, the 8 requirements. They are enumerated in verse at J. I, 65= DA. I, 206, viz. ticīvaraṃ, patto, vāsi, sūci, (kāya-) bandhanaṃ, parissāvana, i.e. the 3 robes, the bowl, a razor, a needle, the girdle, a water-strainer. They are explained in detail DA. I, 206 sq. Cp. also J. IV, 342 (aṭṭhaparikkhāra-dhara); V, 254 (kāyabandhana-parissāvanasūci-vāsi-satthakāni; the last-named article being “scissors” instead of a razor); DhA. II, 61 (°dhara thera).—(c) In other combinations: satta nagara° A. IV, 106 sq. (cp. nagarûpakārikā D. I, 105); satta samādhi° D. II, 216; M. III, 71; A. IV, 40; soḷasa° (adj.) of yañña: having sixteen accessories D. I, 134 (cp. Dial. I. 174, 177), bahu° having a full equipment, i.e. being well-off Vin. III, 138; J. I, 126.—Note. A set of 12 requisites (1—8 as under b and 4 additional) see detailed at DA. I, 207. (Page 423)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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