Parikarankura, Parikarāṅkura, Parikara-ankura: 1 definition



Parikarankura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parikarankura in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Parikarāṅkura (परिकराङ्कुर) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).The figure of speech parikarāṅkura has not been admitted by reputed Ālaṃkārikas like Mammaṭa, Viśvanātha, Ruyyaka etc. Perhaps Jayadeva is the first to define this figure. This has been accepted verbatim by Appayyadīkṣita (Kuv/P. 148) and Cirañjīva (K.V. II/P. 22).

According to Cirañjīva, when a noun is used with some special intention or to convey an extra meaning it is the figure Parīkarāṅkura. Sometimes the poet uses noun to convey some meaning intended by him. This particular type of noun constitutes the essence of this figure.

Example of the parikarāṅkura-alaṃkāra:—

api kariparibhūtivītaśaktiścirajarayā’pi ca jarjarīkṛtāṅgaḥ |
api bhavadadhikakṣudhā’bhibhūtaḥ kimu tṛṇute mṛganāyakastṛṇāni ||

“Is it that whether the king of beasts whose strength is lost by defeating or overpowering the elephants or whose limbs are worn out by old age for long time is eating the grasses being extremely hunger-stricken”.

Notes: In this verse the noun mṛganāyaka has been used with some special intention. It is quite natural that other beasts will eat grasses. How can these king of beasts take grasses, without piercing the blood of mad elephants. This meaning is intended to be expressed by the poet with the noun mṛganāyaka as he is the king of beasts, the act of eating grasses does not befit him. So with this special noun the verse is an example of parikarāṅkura.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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