Parihasa, Parihāsa: 19 definitions


Parihasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Parihāsa (परिहास, “jester”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Parihāsa). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Parihasa in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Parihāsa (परिहास) refers to a “huge joke”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.26 (“Pārvatī-Jaṭila dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin) said to Vijayā: “The maid has said something, but I deduce only a huge joke [i.e., parihāsa] therefrom. If it be true, let the gentle lady herself speak out”.

2) Parihāsa (परिहास) refers to a “caricature”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.41 (“Description of the Altar-Structure”).—Accordingly, as Nārada said to Indra and others: “[...] I have been fascinated by my shining portrait. Viṣṇu, Brahmā and Indra have been realistically portrayed by him. O lord of gods, why should I talk too much? He has made artificial prototypes of all the gods. No one, not a single detail, has been left out. It is for the purpose of particularly enchanting the gods that this spell has been employed by him through this caricature (parihāsa-vikāriṇīcitramayī parihāsavikāriṇī)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Parihāsa (परिहास) refers to one of the five kinds of Kathā, as mentioned by Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry) narrating the love-story between Prince Candrāpīḍa and the Apsaras Kādambarī.—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] The poet mentions five kinds of Kathās (4.5): [e.g., parihāsa-kahā] [...] His disquisition on the nature of the different Kathās according to the metres, topics, serious or humourous, and style of writing is very enlightening and shows the richness of Kathā literature during his time.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parihasa in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

parihāsa : (m.) laughter; mockery.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Parihāsa, (fr. pari+has, cp. parihasati) laughter, laughing at, mockery J. I, 116 (°keḷi), 377; DhA. I, 244. (Page 439)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parihāsa (परिहास).—m S (Or parīhāsa) Laughing and joking: also laughing at.

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parīhāsa (परीहास).—m S (Or parihāsa) Laughing and joking: also ridiculing or jeering.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parihāsa (परिहास).—m (or parīhāsa) Laughing and joking.

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parīhāsa (परीहास).—m Laughing and joking.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parihāsa (परिहास) or Parīhāsa (परीहास).—

1) Joking, jesting, mirth; merriment; त्वराप्रस्तावोऽयं न खलु परिहासस्य विषयः (tvarāprastāvo'yaṃ na khalu parihāsasya viṣayaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.44; परिहासपूर्वम् (parihāsapūrvam) 'jokingly' or 'in jest' R.6.82; परिहासविजल्पितम् (parihāsavijalpitam) Ś.2.18 'uttered in jest'; परीहासाश्चित्राः सततमभवन् येन भवतः (parīhāsāścitrāḥ satatamabhavan yena bhavataḥ) Ve.3.14; Kumārasambhava 7.19; R.9.8; Śiśupālavadha 1.12.

2) Ridiculing, deriding.

Derivable forms: parihāsaḥ (परिहासः), parīhāsaḥ (परीहासः).

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Parīhāsa (परीहास).—&c. See परिताप (paritāpa) &c.

See also (synonyms): parītāpa, parīpāka, parīvāra, parīvāha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parihāsa (परिहास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Mirth, sport, pastime. 2. Deriding. Ridiculing. E. pari much, has to laugh, aff. ghañ; also parīhāsa.

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Parīhāsa (परीहास).—m.

(-saḥ) Mirth, sport, amusement. E. pari pleasure, has to laugh, aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parihāsa (परिहास).—parīhāsa, i. e. pari-has + a, m. 1. Jest, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 13, 1; pleasantry, [Nala] 11, 8. 2. Deriding, mocking, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 261.

Parihāsa can also be spelled as Parīhāsa (परीहास).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parihāsa (परिहास).—[masculine] jest, joke, sport.

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Parīhāsa (परीहास).—[masculine] = parihāsa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parihāsa (परिहास):—[=pari-hāsa] [from pari-has] m. jesting, joking, laughing at, ridiculing, deriding

2) [v.s. ...] a jest, joke, mirth, merriment, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (cf. parī-h)

3) Parīhāsa (परीहास):—[=parī-hāsa] [from parī] m. = pari-h, [Cāṇakya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parihāsa (परिहास):—[pari-hāsa] (saḥ) 1. m. Mirth, sport.

2) Parīhāsa (परीहास):—[parī-hāsa] (saḥ) 1. m. Mirth, sport.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Parihāsa (परिहास) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Parihāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parihasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parihasa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Parihāsa (परिहास) [Also spelled parihas]:—(nm) joke; humour; ~[sapriya] humour-loving, humorous; ~[sātmaka] jocular, humorous.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Parihasa (परिहस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Parihas.

2) Parihāsa (परिहास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Parihāsa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Parihāsa (ಪರಿಹಾಸ):—

1) [noun] anything said or done to arouse laughter; a funny anecdote with a punch line; an amusing trick played on someone.

2) [noun] a deriding or being derided; contempt; ridicule; derision.

3) [noun] an act of imitating; comic or satirical imitation; mimicry.

4) [noun] cheerfulness; joyousness; happiness; merriness.

5) [noun] a laughing as from amusement, joy, etc.).

6) [noun] a man who is always clowning and trying to be funny; clown; a buffoon; a jester.

7) [noun] (rhet.) homorousness, as one of the sentiments.

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Parīhāsa (ಪರೀಹಾಸ):—[noun] = ಪರಿಹಾಸ - [parihasa -] 1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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