Paresha, Pareśa, Para-isha: 6 definitions



Paresha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pareśa can be transliterated into English as Paresa or Paresha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pareśa (परेश) refers to the “greatest lord”, and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.10. Accordingly as Viṣṇu said to Brahmā:—“[...] Śiva is the creator of everything, the sustainer and destroyer. He is greater than the great. He is the supreme Brahman, the greatest lord (pareśa), the attributeless, the eternal”.

Pareśa or “supreme Īśa” as an epithet of Śiva is also mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] Obeisance to Thee, O lord, from whom the mobile and the immobile beings have originated. Obeisance to the great Puruṣa, Maheśa, the supreme Īśa [viz., Pareśa] and the great Ātman”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pareśa (परेश).—

1) an epithet of Brahman.

2) of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: pareśaḥ (परेशः).

Pareśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and īśa (ईश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pareśa (परेश).—[masculine] supreme lord, [Epithet] of Brahman or Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pareśa (परेश):—[from para] m. ‘the highest lord’, Name of Brahmā or Viṣṇu, [Purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Pareśa (परेश):—(para + īśa) m. der oberste Herr, Beiw. Brahman's [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 46,7. Viṣṇu’s] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.3,5,44.] [Oxforder Handschriften.9,a,3 v. u.] pareśeśa gleichfalls von Viṣṇu [Mahābhārata 7, 6471.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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