Paravritta, Parāvṛtta: 13 definitions
Paravritta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Parāvṛtta can be transliterated into English as Paravrtta or Paravritta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—One of the 32 aṅgahāras (major dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this parāvṛtta-aṅgahāra is as follows, “assuming Janita-karaṇa and putting forwards a foot, then assuming Alātaka-karaṇa and turning the Trika, [in the Bhramrī Cārī] afterwards the left hand bent and on the cheek, then assuming Kaṭicchinna Karāṇa.”.
An aṅgahāra represents a ‘major dance movement’ and consists of a sequence of karaṇas (minor dance movements). A karaṇa combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).
2) Parāvṛtta also refers to a specific ‘movement of the head’ (śiras), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The head is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used to perform certain gestures (āṅgika). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
1) One of the Nine Movements of the Head. Parāvṛtta (turned round): the head is turned aside. Usage: saying “Do this”, aversion, modesty, quiver, relaxing the features, slighting, hair, etc.
2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Parāvṛtta: the head is averted. Usage: saying “Do this”, aversion, modesty, etc., relaxing the features, following one who has gone aside, looking back.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—One of the thirteen gestures of the head;—Instructions: when the face is turned round, the Parāvṛtta head is the result. (Uses): It is to be used in turning away the face, and looking back and the like. (See the Nāṭyaśāstra 8-23)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Parāvṛtta is a Sanskrit term roughly meaning "turned away", "turned backwards", "freed from" or "diverted"
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—p S Turned back or from. 2 Reversed. 3 Given back, restored.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—p Turned back. Reversed. Re stored.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—p. p.
1) Returned, turned back.
4) Reversed (as a judgement).
5) Restored, given back.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—ppp., and parāvṛtti, n. act. (both Sanskrit), reversed, and reversion, revulsion, of the basic mentality (especially called āśraya, q.v., in Suzuki, Studies, 390 with refs.); technically of the fundamental change in mental attitude which is taught as necessary to knowledge of the true doctrine: parāvṛttāśraya (text °vṛtā°) Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 9.11; compare 10.14; parāvṛtty-āśraya, having the basis (of conscious- ness) characterized by (this) revulsion 93.3 (or read °vṛttāśra° ?); parāvṛtta, e.g. 284.11; °tti 10.14; for others see Suzuki's Index and Glossary; also in AbhidhK, see LaV-P's Index; Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) ix.12—17 (Lévi *20, *24).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Fled, retreated, turned back. 2. Turned round, revolved. 3. Exchanged. 4. Reversed, (as a judgment.) 5. Given back, restored. parā before. vṛt to be, kta aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त):—[=parā-vṛtta] [from parā-vṛt] mfn. turned (also to flight) returned, averted from ([ablative]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] passed away, disappeared, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]
3) [v.s. ...] wallowing, rolling (n. as a [substantive]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] exchanged, [Horace H. Wilson]
5) [v.s. ...] reversed (as a judgement), [ib.]
6) [v.s. ...] given back, restored, [ib.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त):—[parā-vṛtta] (ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) p. Fled; turned; reversed; changed; restored.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] turned or spun around a centre or axis; revolved.
2) [adjective] goning or gone back; retreated.
3) [adjective] reflected.
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1) [noun] = ಪರಾವರ್ತನ [paravartana] 1 & 5.
2) [noun] (dance.) a turning of one’s head (as from anger, shame, shyness, etc.).
3) [noun] (dance.) one of the thirty two karaṇas (coordinated movements of hands and feet).
4) [noun] (dance.) one leg is moved backward and bending at knee, the shank is kept on the ground.
5) [noun] (dance.) a standing with both the feet united, one facing forward and the other facing backward.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 5 books and stories containing Paravritta, Parāvṛtta, Paravrtta, Para-vritta, Parā-vṛtta, Para-vrtta; (plurals include: Paravrittas, Parāvṛttas, Paravrttas, vrittas, vṛttas, vrttas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Abhinaya-darpana (English) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Natyashastra (English) (by Bharata-muni)
Part 4 - The Ancient Indian Drama in Practice < [Introduction, part 1]
Lankavatara Sutra (by Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki)