Paravritta, Parāvṛtta: 15 definitions


Paravritta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parāvṛtta can be transliterated into English as Paravrtta or Paravritta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—One of the 32 aṅgahāras (major dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this parāvṛtta-aṅgahāra is as follows, “assuming Janita-karaṇa and putting forwards a foot, then assuming Alātaka-karaṇa and turning the Trika, [in the Bhramrī Cārī] afterwards the left hand bent and on the cheek, then assuming Kaṭicchinna Karāṇa.”.

An aṅgahāra represents a ‘major dance movement’ and consists of a sequence of karaṇas (minor dance movements). A karaṇa combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

2) Parāvṛtta also refers to a specific ‘movement of the head’ (śiras), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The head is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used to perform certain gestures (āṅgika). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) One of the Nine Movements of the Head. Parāvṛtta (turned round): the head is turned aside. Usage: saying “Do this”, aversion, modesty, quiver, relaxing the features, slighting, hair, etc.

2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Parāvṛtta: the head is averted. Usage: saying “Do this”, aversion, modesty, etc., relaxing the features, following one who has gone aside, looking back.

Source: Natya Shastra

Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—One of the thirteen gestures of the head;—Instructions: when the face is turned round, the Parāvṛtta head is the result. (Uses): It is to be used in turning away the face, and looking back and the like. (See the Nāṭyaśāstra 8-23)

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Paravritta in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त) refers to “turning back (of an animal)” (during hunting), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting on horseback (āśvina) represents one of the eight subdivisions of Hunting (mṛgayā). [...] Five or six horsemen are quite enough for hunting rhinoceros. [...] If it turns back (parāvṛtta), then the horseman relying on the dexterity of his horse should at once run in its front; others should hit it from behind or skilled archers should pierce it with arrows on the sides. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Paravritta in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Parāvṛtta is a Sanskrit term roughly meaning "turned away", "turned backwards", "freed from" or "diverted"

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paravritta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—p S Turned back or from. 2 Reversed. 3 Given back, restored.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—p Turned back. Reversed. Re stored.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paravritta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—p. p.

1) Returned, turned back.

2) Revolved.

3) Exchanged.

4) Reversed (as a judgement).

5) Restored, given back.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—ppp., and parāvṛtti, n. act. (both Sanskrit), reversed, and reversion, revulsion, of the basic mentality (especially called āśraya, q.v., in Suzuki, Studies, 390 with refs.); technically of the fundamental change in mental attitude which is taught as necessary to knowledge of the true doctrine: parāvṛttāśraya (text °vṛtā°) Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 9.11; compare 10.14; parāvṛtty-āśraya, having the basis (of conscious- ness) characterized by (this) revulsion 93.3 (or read °vṛttāśra° ?); parāvṛtta, e.g. 284.11; °tti 10.14; for others see Suzuki's Index and Glossary; also in AbhidhK, see LaV-P's Index; Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) ix.12—17 (Lévi *20, *24).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त).—mfn.

(-ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) 1. Fled, retreated, turned back. 2. Turned round, revolved. 3. Exchanged. 4. Reversed, (as a judgment.) 5. Given back, restored. parā before. vṛt to be, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त):—[=parā-vṛtta] [from parā-vṛt] mfn. turned (also to flight) returned, averted from ([ablative]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] passed away, disappeared, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

3) [v.s. ...] wallowing, rolling (n. as a [substantive]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] exchanged, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] reversed (as a judgement), [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] given back, restored, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त):—[parā-vṛtta] (ttaḥ-ttā-ttaṃ) p. Fled; turned; reversed; changed; restored.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paravritta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paravritta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Parāvṛtta (ಪರಾವೃತ್ತ):—

1) [adjective] turned or spun around a centre or axis; revolved.

2) [adjective] goning or gone back; retreated.

3) [adjective] reflected.

--- OR ---

Parāvṛtta (ಪರಾವೃತ್ತ):—

1) [noun] = ಪರಾವರ್ತನ [paravartana] 1 & 5.

2) [noun] (dance.) a turning of one’s head (as from anger, shame, shyness, etc.).

3) [noun] (dance.) one of the thirty two karaṇas (coordinated movements of hands and feet).

4) [noun] (dance.) one leg is moved backward and bending at knee, the shank is kept on the ground.

5) [noun] (dance.) a standing with both the feet united, one facing forward and the other facing backward.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paravritta in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Parāvṛtta (परावृत्त):—adj. 1. turned back; reverted; 2. reflected; 3. changed;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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