Paratman, Parātman, Para-atman: 8 definitions


Paratman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Paratman in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Parātman (परात्मन्) refers to the great Ātman (the presiding deity of Dharma), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“if the great Ātman, the presiding deity of Dharma, is worshipped with Priyaṅgu (long pepper corns), the devotee will be blessed with happiness. His virtue, wealth and love will flourish. A prastha of these corns constitutes a hundred thousand in number according to ancient authorities. Twelve Brahmins shall be fed”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā

Parātman (परात्मन्) or Parātmā refers to the “great soul” and is used as an epithet for Brahmā, in the Gargasaṃhitā chapter 6.3. Accordingly, “[...] by his mystic power he [viz., Raivata] traveled to Brahmaloka. His intention to ask for a proper husband for his daughter, he bowed before the demigod Brahmā. As the Apsarā Pūrvacitti was singing, he found his opportunity. Aware that now he had Brahmā’s attention, he spoke what was in his heart: ‘[...] You are the greatest, the oldest, the seed from which this universe has sprouted, the great soul (Parātman) and the great controller. O Brahmā, you stay always in your own abode. You create, maintain, and destroy this universe’”.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Parātman (परात्मन्) refers to the “Supreme Self” representing one of the five ‘measures’ unfolding the thirty-six metaphysical principles, according to the Ṭīkā (commentary) on the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The stages in the ascent to the End of the Twelve [i.e., dvādaśānta] are understood as phases of the utterance of the syllable OṂ. The texts present the stages of the ascent up to the End of the Sixteen [i.e., ṣoḍaśānta] in a number of ways. The first is found in the Ṭīkā. There we are told that there are five measures, each corresponding to a type of Self (ātman) that pervades a number of finger-breadths of the body as follows: [1) Parātman—Supreme Self: extends from the toes to the End of the Sixteen for 100 fingers, ...]. [...]. All thirty-six metaphysical Principles are perceived along with the pervasion of the first five.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parātman (परात्मन्).—m. the Supreme Spirit.

Parātman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and ātman (आत्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parātman (परात्मन्).—[masculine] the supreme spirit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parātman (परात्मन्):—[from para] m. the Supreme Spirit, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. one who considers the body as the soul, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Paratman in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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