Parasika, Parāsika, Pārasīka, Pārasika, Parashika: 11 definitions

Introduction

Parasika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parasika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pārasika (पारसिक).—A place of human habitation in ancient Bhārata. (Śloka 25, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Parāsika (परासिक).—People constituting the cavalry forces of Lalitā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 16. 16.

2) Pārasīka (पारसीक).—The kingdom of.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 3. 18.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pārasīka (पारसीक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.51) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pārasīka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Parasika in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pārasīka (पारसीक) is the name of a kingdom that was conquered by Udayana (king of Vatsa) during his campaign to obtain sovereignty over the whole earth, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 19. Accordingly, “The august hero received the tribute of his foes, and cut off the head of the wicked King of the Pārasīkas as Viṣṇu did that of Rāhu”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pārasīka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kavya

Pārasīka refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa written by Viśākhadeva. Pārasīka corresponds to the Persians/Parthians in west-India.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: academia.edu: A Textual and Intertextual Study of the Mudrārākṣasa (history)

Pārasīka refers to one of the territories of tribes mentioned in the 7th-century Mudrārākṣasa.—The Bṛhatsaṃhitā does not use the term Pārasīka, but the designation Pahlava probably refers to the same or related people. Varāhamihira locates the Pahlavas in the southwest, probably referring to the Saurāṣṭra region. In the Purāṇic catalogue, Pārasīkas only appear in the “condensed list” (SIRCAR 1971:47), where they are preceded by some northern names such as Saindhava and Hūṇa. Pahlavas are featured in the main list as northerners.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pārasīka.—(EI 12), originally, a Persian; but used to indi- cate any foreigner; a Dutch in the present case. Note: pārasīka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pārasika.—(EI 5; SII 1), a Persian. Note: pārasika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Pārasi.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārasika (पारसिक).—

1) Persia.

2) = पारसीक (pārasīka) 2 q. v.

Derivable forms: pārasikaḥ (पारसिकः).

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Pārasīka (पारसीक).—

1) Persia.

2) Persian horse.

-kāḥ m. (pl.) The Persians; पारसीकांस्ततो जेतुं प्रतस्थे स्थलवर्त्मना (pārasīkāṃstato jetuṃ pratasthe sthalavartmanā) R.4.6.

Derivable forms: pārasīkaḥ (पारसीकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāraśīka (पारशीक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Persia. 2. A native of Persia. 3. A Persian horse. also pārasīka.

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Pārasika (पारसिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Persia; plu. The Persians also pārasīka.

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Pārasīka (पारसीक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The kingdom of Persia. 2. A Persian, an inhabitant of Persia. 3. A Persian horse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pāraśīka (पारशीक):—= pārasīka

2) Pārasika (पारसिक):—[from pārasa] mf(ī)n. idem, [Colebrooke] ([varia lectio] sīka)

3) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the P°, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) Pārasīka (पारसीक):—[from pārasa] mfn. Persian (cf. below)

5) [v.s. ...] m. ([plural]) the Persians, [Raghuvaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] a P° horse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. ([probably]) Persia, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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