Parashiva, aka: Paraśiva; 3 Definition(s)


Parashiva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Paraśiva can be transliterated into English as Parasiva or Parashiva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Paraśiva (परशिव).—According to the Mānasāra II.2-4, “From Paraḥ Śiva alone [are] Brahmā and Indra, and even Lokakṛt”. The “nature” of Śiva is specified here as para. The basic meaning of this adjectival term is “other,” while also inc1uding the senses of highest, greatest, distant and remote, all of which, in this context, point towards “transcendence”.

Source: McGill: The architectural theory of the Mānasāra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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The parashiva has five aspects:

  1. Sadyojata—west-aspect that propagates manifest Brahman; associated with Brahma; represents earth.
  2. Vamadeva—north-aspect that sustains manifest Brahman; associated with Vishnu; represents water.
  3. Aghora—south-aspect that rejuvenates manifest Brahman; associated with Rudra; represents fire.
  4. Tatpurusha—east-aspect that reveals; associated with Rishi, Muni, Jnani, yogi; represents air.
  5. Isana—internal-aspect that conceals; associated with all that exist; represents ether(space).
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Pāraśiva.—(SITI), probably Pāraśava; explained as ‘one who wields a weapon; a soldier’. Note: pāraśiva is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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