Pararthapuja, Parārthapūjā, Parartha-puja: 1 definition


Pararthapuja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pararthapuja in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Parārthapūjā (परार्थपूजा) refers to “pūjā (ritual worship) offered for the benefit of all living beings” as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Parārthapūjā on the other hand is ritual worship offered to liṅga established by Devas, Ṛṣis, men, etc. (at temples) for the benefit of all living beings.—Performing pūjā to liṅga established in Śiva temples located in villages, fields, cities, on river banks, on mountains etc. at the mahākṣetras or other beautiful locales, that are either self-manifested, divine, made by ṛṣis or men for the sake of the welfare of king and kingdom, is termed parārthapūjā. Kāraṇāgama declares that parārthapūjā is the pūjā that is performed for the sake of the protection of all living beings and especially the village to either a svāyambhu-liṅga or one established by sura, muni or nara according to the proper rules. Ajitāgama also defines parārtha as that which bestows growth and well-being on the king and kingdom, on the jana and janapada.

Parārthapūjā is of three types–nitya, naimittika and kāmya. Nityapūjā is the daily worship. Naimittikapūjā is pūjā for special occasions or due to special causes. Kāmyapūjā is worship commissioned by patrons desiring specific outcomes.

Even though many aspects of parārthapūjā are performed in full public view, the emphasis is not on the pūjā being on public display, but on the process being performed for the sake of the well-being of the entire universe. The āgama celebrate parārtha as a crucial and constant process performed for the benefit of the king and kingdom, with powers to bestow life, wealth and victory on the king and prosperity on the kingdom. [...] The Āgamas strictly maintain that only those who belong to the line of Ṛṣis said to have originated directly from the face of Śiva can perform parārthapūjā.

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context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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