Pararthanumana, Parārthānumāna, Parartha-anumana: 2 definitions


Pararthanumana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pararthanumana in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Parārthānumāna (परार्थानुमान, “syllogism”) or simply Parārtha refers to “inference intended for another” and represents one of the two divisions of anumāna (inference), according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Etymologically svārtha means [inference] which is intended for oneself and parārtha is that [inference] which is for another.

Parārtha-anumāna consists of five members. These are:

  1. pratijñā,
  2. hetu,
  3. udāharaṇa,
  4. upanaya,
  5. nigamana.

It depends upon svārthānumāna because one man cannot satisfy another if he is not satisfied himself. Parārthānumāna is that where by means of five members syllogism something is established which has been already inferred by oneself.

Nyaya book cover
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

Discover the meaning of pararthanumana in the context of Nyaya from relevant books on Exotic India

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pararthanumana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Parārthānumāna (परार्थानुमान):—[parārthānumānam] Inference from other source

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of pararthanumana in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

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