Parartha, Parārtha, Para-artha: 18 definitions


Parartha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pararth.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Parārtha (परार्थ).—The sense of another word; cf. परार्थाभिधानं वृत्तिः इत्याहुः । (parārthābhidhānaṃ vṛttiḥ ityāhuḥ |) M.Bh. on II.1.1,Vart.2;

2) Parārtha.—For the sake of,or being of use in,the next (सूत्र (sūtra));cf.परार्थे मम भविष्यति सन्यत इद्भवतीति (parārthe mama bhaviṣyati sanyata idbhavatīti), M. Bh. on I.1.59 Vart. 8.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parartha in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Parārtha (परार्थ, “syllogism”) or Parārthānumāna refers to “inference intended for another” and represents one of the two divisions of anumāna (inference), according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Etymologically svārtha means [inference] which is intended for oneself and parārtha is that [inference] which is for another.

Nyaya book cover
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Nyaya from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Parartha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Parārtha (परार्थ) refers to “other’s interests”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.31 (“Description of Śiva’s magic”).—Accordingly, as Bṛhaspati said to the Gods: “All of you gods seem to be selfish in nature. You want to destroy other’s interests (parārtha). Indeed I will go to hell by disparaging Śiva. O gods, one of you shall go to the mountain. Let him urge the lord of the mountains and achieve the desired object. Let him stay in Bhārata after giving his daughter without willingness. It is certain he will attain salvation if he gives his daughter with devotion. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

1) Parārtha (परार्थ) or Parārthadīkṣā refers to a type of initiation (into Pāñcarātra) discussed in the twenty-first chapter of the Īśvarasaṃhitā (printed edition), a Pāñcarātra work in 8200 verses and 24 chapters dealing with topics such as routines of temple worship, major and minor festivals, temple-building and initiation.—Description of the chapter [dīkṣā-vidhi]: [...] “Svārtha-dīkṣā” and “parārtha-dīkṣā” are specifically mentioned as being for those who worship privately in the home and for those who worship publicly on behalf of others in temples respectively-the latter being as the sun is to a small lamp (505-510). Those descended from Śāṇḍilya are eligible for both “svārtha-dīkṣā” and “parārtha-dīkṣā”; all others may have only “svārtha-dīkṣā” and thus may not do temple-pūjā (511-558).

2) Parārtha (परार्थ) or Parārthayajana refers to “(performing liturgies) for the benefit of others”, as discussed in chapter 21 (Caryāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—[Cf. the chapter siddhāntabhedena pañcarātrādhikārivyavasthā]: [...] Bhagavān says a “bhāgavata” is one who, along with his devoted love of Bhagavān, does the pañcakālapūjā according to the scriptures, who is furthermore born in a bhāgavata family, and who has also had dīkṣā-initiation (13-16). While they must also maintain their private worship [ātmārthapūjā], bhāgavatas are the only ones who are allowed to perform liturgies for the benefit of others [parārtha-yajana]. [...]

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Parārtha (परार्थ) refers to “(realizing) the benefit of others”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 40).—Accordingly, “[Question].—The ten powers are knowledges and the four fearlessnesses (vaiśāradya) are also knowledges. What are the similarities and the differences? [Answer].—When the qualities of the Buddha are explained at length, this is bala; when they explained in brief, this is vaiśāradya. [...] Realizing one’s own personal (svārtha) benefit is bala; realizing the benefit of others (parārtha) is vaiśāradya. Destroying one’s own disturbing emotions is bala; destroying the disturbing emotions of others is vaiśāradya. Not wasting away is bala; being without difficulty or decline is vaiśāradya. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parārtha (परार्थ).—m (S) The property, the business or concern, or the purpose or object of another. Ex. svārtha parārtha pāhāvā. 2 Used as ad For the sake of another.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parārtha (परार्थ).—m The property, the business or concern or object of another. ad For the sake of another.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parārtha (परार्थ).—a.

1) having another aim or meaning.

2) intended or designed for another, done for another. (-rthaḥ) 1 the highest interest or advantage.

2) the interest of another (opp. svārtha); स्वार्थो यस्य परार्थ एव स पुमानेकः सतामग्रणीः (svārtho yasya parārtha eva sa pumānekaḥ satāmagraṇīḥ) Subhāṣ.; R.1.29.

3) the chief or highest meaning.

4) the highest object (i.e. sexual intercourse).

5) the supreme good (mokṣa); ज्ञात्वा प्रजहि कालेन परार्थमनुदृश्य च (jñātvā prajahi kālena parārthamanudṛśya ca) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.288.9.

6) Something else. Hence परार्थता (parārthatā) or परार्थत्व (parārthatva) means 'being subsidiary to something else; परार्थता हि गुणभावः (parārthatā hi guṇabhāvaḥ) ŚB. on MS.4.3.

7) an object which is meant for another's use (Sāṅ. Phil.); सङ्घातपरार्थत्वात् त्रिगुणादिविपर्ययादधिष्ठानात् (saṅghātaparārthatvāt triguṇādiviparyayādadhiṣṭhānāt) Sāṃkhyakārikā 17. °वादिन् (vādin) a. speaking for another; mediator, substitute.

Parārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and artha (अर्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parārtha (परार्थ).—mfn.

(-rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) 1. Having another object or sense, &c. 2. Designed or purposed by another. 3. The highest interest. 4. The chief meaning. n.

(-rthaṃ) For the sake or good of another. E. para, and artha object.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parārtha (परार्थ).—m. 1. great importance. 2. the interests of another. 3. sexual intercourse.

Parārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and artha (अर्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parārtha (परार्थ).—1. [masculine] highest (or another’s) advantage, interest, business, or matter. °—, [accusative] & [locative] [adverb] for another’s sake, for others.

--- OR ---

Parārtha (परार्थ).—2. [adjective] having another object, dependent on another person or thing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parārtha (परार्थ):—[from para] a m. the highest advantage or interest, an important object, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] sexual intercourse, [Pañcatantra]

3) [v.s. ...] an°’s adv° or int° ([in the beginning of a compound], rtham ind. or rthe ind. for another or for others or for something else), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. (also -ka) having an° object

5) [v.s. ...] designed for an°

6) [v.s. ...] dependent on something else (-tā f. -tva n.), [???; Sāṃkhyakārikā; Tarkasaṃgraha]

7) b parārdha etc. See under para, p. 587, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parārtha (परार्थ):—[parā+rtha] (rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) a. Having another meaning; for another’s good.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parartha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parartha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Parārtha (परार्थ) [Also spelled pararth]:—(nm) altruism, benevolence, beneficence; ~[para/parāyaṇa] benevolent, beneficent; altruistic; ~[paratā/parāyaṇatā] altruism; ~[vāda] altruism; hence ~[vāditā] (nf); ~[vādī] an altruist; altruistic; [parārthī] an altruist, a benevolent man.

context information


Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Parārtha (ಪರಾರ್ಥ):—

1) [noun] welfare of another or others.

2) [noun] final emancipation of the soul.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parartha in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Parārtha (परार्थ):—adj. for others; for the welfare of others; n. altruism; benevolence;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

Discover the meaning of parartha in the context of Nepali from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: