Parartha, aka: Parārtha, Para-artha; 6 Definition(s)


Parartha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Parartha in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1) Parārtha (परार्थ).—The sense of another word; cf. परार्थाभिधानं वृत्तिः इत्याहुः । (parārthābhidhānaṃ vṛttiḥ ityāhuḥ |) M.Bh. on II.1.1,Vart.2;

2) Parārtha.—For the sake of,or being of use in,the next (सूत्र (sūtra));cf.परार्थे मम भविष्यति सन्यत इद्भवतीति (parārthe mama bhaviṣyati sanyata idbhavatīti), M. Bh. on I.1.59 Vart. 8.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

Parartha in Nyaya glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Parārtha (परार्थ, “syllogism”) or Parārthānumāna refers to “inference intended for another” and represents one of the two divisions of anumāna (inference), according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Etymologically svārtha means [inference] which is intended for oneself and parārtha is that [inference] which is for another.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Parartha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

parārtha (परार्थ).—m (S) The property, the business or concern, or the purpose or object of another. Ex. svārtha parārtha pāhāvā. 2 Used as ad For the sake of another.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parārtha (परार्थ).—m The property, the business or concern or object of another. ad For the sake of another.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parartha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Parārtha (परार्थ).—a.

1) having another aim or meaning.

2) intended or designed for another, done for another. (-rthaḥ) 1 the highest interest or advantage.

2) the interest of another (opp. svārtha); स्वार्थो यस्य परार्थ एव स पुमानेकः सतामग्रणीः (svārtho yasya parārtha eva sa pumānekaḥ satāmagraṇīḥ) Subhāṣ.; R.1.29.

3) the chief or highest meaning.

4) the highest object (i.e. sexual intercourse).

5) the supreme good (mokṣa); ज्ञात्वा प्रजहि कालेन परार्थमनुदृश्य च (jñātvā prajahi kālena parārthamanudṛśya ca) Mb.12.288.9.

6) Something else. Hence परार्थता (parārthatā) or परार्थत्व (parārthatva) means 'being subsidiary to something else; परार्थता हि गुणभावः (parārthatā hi guṇabhāvaḥ) ŚB. on MS.4.3.

7) an object which is meant for another's use (Sāṅ. Phil.); सङ्घातपरार्थत्वात् त्रिगुणादिविपर्ययादधिष्ठानात् (saṅghātaparārthatvāt triguṇādiviparyayādadhiṣṭhānāt) Sāṅ. K.17. °वादिन् (vādin) a. speaking for another; mediator, substitute.

Parārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and artha (अर्थ).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parārtha (परार्थ).—mfn.

(-rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) 1. Having another object or sense, &c. 2. Designed or purposed by another. 3. The highest interest. 4. The chief meaning. n.

(-rthaṃ) For the sake or good of another. E. para, and artha object.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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