Parardha, Parārdha, Para-ardha: 12 definitions


Parardha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Parardha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Parārdha (परार्ध).—Measurement of ten antas, (Vedic): two Parārdhams constitute Brahmā's life (first Prajāpati);1 The present Varāhakalpa is the second Parārdha;2 of Brahmā;3 a crore of 1000 crores.4

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 240. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 3. 5.
  • 2) Ib. I. 3. 27-8; VI. 3. 4.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 4-31.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 92, 99.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Parārdha (परार्ध) refers to:—Half of Brahmā’s life. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

1) Parārdha (परार्ध) refers to a “trillion” (1,000,000,000,000) in various lists of numeral denominations, according to gaṇita (“science of calculation”) and Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—We can definitely say that from the very earliest known times, ten has formed the basis of numeration in India. While the Greeks had no terminology for denominations above the myriad (104), and the Romans above the milk (103), the ancient Hindus dealt freely with no less than eighteen denominations [e.g., parārdha]. Cf. Yajurveda-saṃhitā (Vājasanyī) XVII.2;  Taittirīya-saṃhitā IV.40.11, VII.2.20.1; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā II.8.14; Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā XVII.10, XXXIX.6; Anuyogadvāra-sūtra 142; Āryabhaṭīya II.2; Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha I.63-68.

2) Parārdha (परार्ध) also refers to a “hundred quadrillion” (100,000,000,000,000,000) according to Śrīdhara in the Triśatikā.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parārdha (परार्ध).—n (S) A half of the life-term of Brahma.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parārdha (परार्ध).—n A half of the life-term of Brahma.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parārdha (परार्ध).—

1) the other part (opp. pūrvārdha); the latter half; दिनस्य पूर्वार्धपरार्धभिन्ना छायेव मैत्री खलसज्जनानाम् (dinasya pūrvārdhaparārdhabhinnā chāyeva maitrī khalasajjanānām) Bhartṛhari 2.6.

2) a particular high number; i. e. 1,,,,,; एकत्वादिपरार्धपर्यन्ता संख्या (ekatvādiparārdhaparyantā saṃkhyā) T. S.

Derivable forms: parārdham (परार्धम्).

Parārdha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and ardha (अर्ध).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parārdha (परार्ध).— i. e. para-ardha, I. m. 1. The ulterior part, Mahābhārata 2, 1864. 2. The other part, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 382. Ii. m. and n. 1. The number 100,000,000,000,000,000. 2. Fifty years of Brahman (half his supposed æon), [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 11, 33. Iii. (inexactly), instead of parārdhya, adj. Most excellent, most beautiful, Mahābhārata 4, 2188.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parārdha (परार्ध).—[masculine] the other or more remote side or half; the highest number (also [neuter]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parārdha (परार्ध):—[from para] m. the more remote or opposite side or half, [Brāhmaṇa; Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] mn. the highest number (100,000 billions), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the number of mortal days corresponding to 50 years of Brahmā’s life, [Purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] mn. (as mfn. [wrong reading] for dhya.)

[Sanskrit to German]

Parardha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Parārdha (ಪರಾರ್ಧ):—[adjective] = ಪರಾರ್ಥ್ಯ [pararthya]1.

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Parārdha (ಪರಾರ್ಧ):—

1) [noun] the second half of a whole.

2) [noun] a very large number (used chiefly in mythology).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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