Parana, Pāraṇa: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Parana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pāraṇa (पारण).—Trayārṣeyaṣ: no marriage alliances with Paurṇamāsa and Agastya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 202. 4.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pāraṇa (पारण).—The same as पारायण (pārāyaṇa), recital of the Veda in any of the various artificial ways prescribed, such as krama, jatā, ghana etc., cf ऋते न च द्वैपदसंहृितास्वरौ प्रसिध्यतः पारणकर्म चोत्तमम् (ṛte na ca dvaipadasaṃhṛिtāsvarau prasidhyataḥ pāraṇakarma cottamam) R.Pr.XI.37.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Pāraṇa (पारण) refers to “swallowing”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 22.150.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pāraṇa (पारण).—n (S) pāraṇā f (S) pop. pāraṇēṃ n Breaking of a fast. 2 fig. Feasting. Ex. jhālī pāraṇā jaḷa- carāñcī ||. pāraṇēṃ phēḍaṇēṃ (or phiṭaṇēṃ) To gratify (or to be gratified) some longing or ardent desire.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pāraṇa (पारण).—n pāraṇa f pop. pāraṇēṃ n Breaking of a fast. Fig. Feasting. pāraṇēṃ phēḍaṇēṃ (or phiṭaṇēṃ) To gratify (or to be grati- fied) some longing or ardent desire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pāraṇa (पारण).—a. [pṝ bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Carrying across, bringing over.

2) Saving, delivering.

-ṇaḥ 1 A cloud.

2) Satisfaction

-ṇam 1 Accomplishing, fulfilling; व्यव- सितपारणमाशशंसिरेऽस्मै (vyava- sitapāraṇamāśaśaṃsire'smai) Bu. Ch.5.85; व्याघ्रस्य चोपवासेन पारणं पशुमारणम् (vyāghrasya copavāsena pāraṇaṃ paśumāraṇam) Udb.

2) Reading through, perusal.

3) Eating after a fast, concluding a fast.

4) The complete text of a book.

5) Swallowing; स्वर्भानुप्रतिवार- पारणमिलद्दन्तौघ (svarbhānuprativāra- pāraṇamiladdantaugha) ...... द्युतिः (dyutiḥ) N.22.15.

-ṇā 1 Eating after a fast, concluding a fast; कारय चक्षुषी पारणाम् (kāraya cakṣuṣī pāraṇām) Vb.1; R.2.39,55,7.

2) Eating (in general); बभूव तस्याः किल पारणाविधिः (babhūva tasyāḥ kila pāraṇāvidhiḥ) Kumārasambhava 5.22. (abhyavahārakarma Malli.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāraṇa (पारण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A cloud. nf.

(-ṇaṃ-ṇā) 1. Eating or drinking after a fast, breaking a fast. 2. Satisfying, satisfaction. 3. Accomplishing. 4. Reading through. 5. Carrying across. 6. Saving. E. pa to satisfy, aff. lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāraṇa (पारण).—i. e. pṛ10 + ana, I. adj. Saving, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 7941. Ii. n. 1. Fulfilling, Mahābhārata 7, 2907. 2. Reading, studying, Mahābhārata 18, 212. Iii. n. and f. ṇā, 1. with and without vrata, Concluding a fast, eating or drinking after a fast, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 21, 146. 2. Breakfast, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 23, 44.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāraṇa (पारण).—[adjective] carrying over, rescuing. —[neuter] fulfilling, accomplishing; ending, [especially] a fast, i.e. breakfast; reading through, perusal, study (also [feminine] ā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paraṇa (परण):—mfn. (√1. pṛ) crossing (cf. aritra-)

2) n. [wrong reading] for pāraṇa, reading, [Harivaṃśa]

3) Name of a town, [Catalogue(s)]

4) Parāṇa (पराण):—[from parāṇ] n. (with vāyoḥ) Name of a Sāman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Pāraṇa (पारण):—[from pāra] a mfn. bringing over, delivering, [Harivaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. a could (as ‘crossing’, sc. the sky), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. carrying through, accomplishing, fulfilling, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] conclusion ([especially] of a fast, with or sc. vrata-)

9) [v.s. ...] n. eating and drinking after a fast, breakfast (also f(ā). ), [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

10) [v.s. ...] n. satisfaction, pleasure, enjoyment (also, f(ā). ), [Raghuvaṃśa; Bālarāmāyaṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] n. going through, reading, perusal (also f(ā). and ṇa-karman, n.), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

12) [v.s. ...] n. completeness, the full text, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...]

14) b ṇīya See under 1. pāra, p. 619, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāraṇa (पारण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. A cloud. n. f. (ṇā-ṇaṃ) Breaking a fast; satisfying.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pāraṇa (पारण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pāraṇa, Pāraṇaga, Pāraṇaya, Pāraṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pāraṇa (पारण) [Also spelled paran]:—(nm) the first meal taken after a fast; passage; —[karanā] to take the first meal after a fast; to pass.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Pāraṇa (पारण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Pāraṇa.

Pāraṇa has the following synonyms: Pāraṇaga, Pāraṇaya.

2) Pāraṇā (पारणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Pāraṇā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paraṇa (ಪರಣ):—

1) [noun] over-bearing pride; insolent display of superiority and self-importance; arrogance; insolence; disdain.

2) [noun] disdainful words or speech.

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Paraṇa (ಪರಣ):—

1) [noun] the principle of life, feeling, thought, and action in living beings, regarded as a distinct entity separate from the body, and commonly held to be separable in existence from the body; the soul.

2) [noun] (fig.) a most dearest person.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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