Parameshvari, Parameśvarī, Parama-ishvari: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Parameshvari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parameśvarī can be transliterated into English as Paramesvari or Parameshvari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Parmeswari.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Parameshvari in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Parameśvarī (परमेश्वरी) refers to the “supreme goddess” and is used to describe Pārvatī (i.e., the incarnation of Goddess Śivā), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.9.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“On hearing these words of the lord of mountains, Mena was greatly delighted. She approached her daughter to advise her to take interest in penance. On seeing the tender limbs of her daughter, Menakā was greatly distressed. Her eyes welled up in tears immediately. The beloved of the lord of mountains was unable to advise her daughter to perform penance. Pārvatī understood the implied wish of her mother quickly. Then the omniscient supreme goddess [i.e., parameśvarī] Pārvatī immediately spoke to her mother after consoling her again and again”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Parameśvarī (परमेश्वरी).—The chief Śakti, Lalitā;1 enshrined in Pātāla.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 6. 65; 16. 1; 18. 15; 19. 60; 22. 5.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 39.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Parameshvari in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Parameśvarī (परमेश्वरी) refers to the “Supreme Power who is the one Supreme Goddess”, according to the Nityāṣoḍaśikārṇava (also called Vāmakeśvarīmata), the root Tantra of Tripurā inspired by Trika doctrine and reinforced by the teachings of the Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Tripurā, the Supreme Power is the first-born here (in this world)... Once she has assimilated all the seed letters (into herself), Vāmā abides (in the form of) a sprout. Then Jyeṣṭhā (assumes the form) of (a straight line which is like a) flame (śikhā). O Supreme Goddess, (when) she assumes the (triangular) form of a water chestnut, (she is) Raudrī, whose nature is to devour the universe. She is that Supreme Power who is the one Supreme Goddess (Parameśvarī), the threefold Goddess Tripurā who is Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Īśa. O beloved, she is the power of will, knowledge and action. She emanates the Triple World and so she is called Tripurā”.

2) Parameśvarī (परमेश्वरी) refers to one of the eight Goddesses (parā-ṣaṭka) associated with Nādapīṭha (identified with Kulūta), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The six Goddesses (parāṣaṭka): Nādāvvā, Parameśvarī, Vijayā, Deveśī, Kulasundarikā, Ḍāmarī

3) Parameśvarī (परमेश्वरी) is also mentioned as the Mother (Avvā) associated with Avyakta, one the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Parameśvarī (परमेश्वरी) refers to an “eminent mistress”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, [while describing the Space Circle (ākāśacakra)]: “Now, the Space Circle outside [this] is like a dark blue lotus [in color]. Sky-going Yoginīs are in the middles of the thirty-six spokes [of the circle], as follows—[...] [They are] eminent mistresses (parameśvarī) with companies. The colors [of these Yoginīs] are various and wonderful. Alternatively, [they have] the circle’s color (dark blue). [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Parameśvarī.—(EI 6), title of a queen, especially a ruling queen. Note: parameśvarī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parameshvari in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Parameśvarī (परमेश्वरी):—[from parameśvara > parama > para] f. Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] of Sītā, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad] ( Name of [work])

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parameshvari in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Parameśvarī (परमेश्वरी) [Also spelled parmeswari]:—(nf) see [durgā]; a shrew, quarrelsome woman.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parameshvari in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paramēśvari (ಪರಮೇಶ್ವರಿ):—

1) [noun] Pārvati, the Supreme Energy of the cosmos.

2) [noun] an excellent mistress.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parameshvari in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Parameśvarī (परमेश्वरी):—n. the supreme goddess; a title of Durga; adj. pertaining to the supreme lord;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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