Parameshthi, Parameṣṭhi: 9 definitions


Parameshthi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parameṣṭhi can be transliterated into English as Paramesthi or Parameshthi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Parameshthi in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Itihasa

One of the "twenty-one Prajapatis"; Mahabharata, Book 1, Section 1.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Parameṣṭhī (परमेष्ठी).—The son of Indradyumna, who was the son of Tejas, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Tejas was the son of Sumati, whose ancestral lineage can be traced to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being. Parameṣṭhī had a son named Pratihartā.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Parameṣṭhī (परमेष्ठी).—A king of Candravaṃśa (Lunar race). He was the son of Indradyumna and the father of Pratīhāra. (Chapter I, Aṃśa 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).

2) Parameṣṭhī (परमेष्ठी).—A Vaidikasūktadraṣṭā. He was a disciple of Brahmā. (Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad). According to Jaimini Brāhmaṇa Parameṣṭhī was the disciple of Prajāpati.

3) Parameṣṭhī (परमेष्ठी).—A king of Pāñcāladeśa. He was born to Ajamīḍha of Nīlī. Parameṣṭhī and the sons of Duṣyanta, his brother, are known as Pāñcālas. (Ādi Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Parameṣṭhi (परमेष्ठि).—An attribute of Brahmā worshipped for overlordship.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 1. 30; 2. 22; 3. 6; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 27.

1b) A son of Devadyumna; his queen Suvarcalā; father of Pratiha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 3.

1c) A son of Indradyumna.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 65; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 36. Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 55.

1d) Married the daughter of Dakṣa and became the father of Nārada.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 2. 13-18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Parameshthi in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Parameṣṭhi (परमेष्ठि) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—(or Brahmā) One of the sixty-four disciples of Lord Śiva. He at first learned the Kāvyavidyā (poetics), and then advised it on the Sārasatya and other disciples.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parameshthi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parameṣṭhi (परमेष्ठि):—[=parame-ṣṭhi] [from parame > para] m. a superior or a chief god of the Jainas, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

[Sanskrit to German]

Parameshthi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parameshthi in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paramēṣṭhi (ಪರಮೇಷ್ಠಿ):—

1) [noun] Brahma, the Creator of the Universe.

2) [noun] the Supreme God (referred to various gods as Śiva, Viṣṇu, Garuḍa, Fire, Jina,etc.).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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