Paramesha, Parameśa, Parama-isha: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Paramesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parameśa can be transliterated into English as Paramesa or Paramesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Paramesha in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Parameśa (परमेश) is the name of a deity who received the Vijayāgama from Anādirudra through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The vijaya-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Parameśa obtained the Vijayāgama from Anādirudra who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Parameśa in turn, transmitted it to through divya-sambandha to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Vijayāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Paramesha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Parameśa (परमेश) refers to “greater than the greatest” and is used as an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to the great lord, greater than the greatest (Parameśa—parāya parameśāya parātparatarāya te), the greatest of the great, the all-pervading omniformed lord. Obeisance to Viṣṇukalatra, Viṣṇukṣetra, the sun, Bhairava, the refuge of the refugees, the three-eyed and the sportive”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Paramesha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Parameśa (परमेश) refers to the “supreme lord” and is used to describe Śambhu, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as Bhadrakālī said to Śrīkaṇṭha: “[...] O Śambhu! Supreme Lord! [i.e., parameśa] Destroyer of the universe! Why are you pained, O Lord? (There is no need for it), the Lord’s accomplishment is complete. There is no other (truly) knowledgeable being apart from you amongst the wise in the triple world. Why do you worship me, delighting (as it were) in the darkness of ignorance? That is an unparalleled wonder. Get up and have mercy on me!”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paramesha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Parameśa (परमेश).—an epithet of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: parameśaḥ (परमेशः).

Parameśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms parama and īśa (ईश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parameśa (परमेश).—[masculine] the supreme lord, i.e. Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Parameśa (परमेश):—[from parama > para] m. the supreme lord, Supreme Being, Name of Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata]

[Sanskrit to German]

Paramesha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paramesha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paramēśa (ಪರಮೇಶ):—[noun] = ಪರಮೇಶ್ವರ [parameshvara].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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