Paramanna, Paramānna, Parama-anna: 12 definitions



Paramanna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Paramānna (परमान्न) refers to a food preparation according to verse 25.89b-90a of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “that is paramānna which is cooked with milk (kṣīra), ghee (ājya) and jaggery (guḍa). It is śuddhānna when it is sprinkled over with ghee. In its absence it is stated as oblation”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Paramanna in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Paramānna (परमान्न) refers to “rice cooked in milk” and represents one of the six kinds of “cooked rice” (bhakta) as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—[...] Cooked rice dishes are of six types based upon the different ingredients used along with rice. These, collectively called as ṣaḍvidhānna. They are [viz., paramānna (rice cooked in milk)]. To describe this ṣaḍvidhānna the author quotes an Ayurvedic text namely Kriyāsāra.

(Paramānna ingredients): rice, milk, water and jaggery. (Cooking instructions): Rice is cooked in thrice its measure of milk. Add water (which is half of the measure of milk) and powdered jaggery to it. This dish is known as paramānna.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Paramanna in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Paramānna (परमान्न) refers to a preparation of boiled milk”, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “On the next day the Master broke his two days’ fast with rice pudding (i.e., paramānna) at the house of King Brahmadatta. The gods rained a stream of treasure consisting of twelve and a half crores of gold into the courtyard of King Brahmadatta’s house. With upraised arms the gods waved in the air the ends of their garments which stole the beauty of the shoots of vines rocked by the wind. [...]”.

Note: Paramānna is prepared at the present time as follows: The milk is boiled first until reduced to half. Then rice and sugar are cooked in the milk. Sometimes almonds, or something similar, are used for flavoring.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paramanna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paramānna (परमान्न).—n (S) Rice boiled with milk and sugar. Presented in oblations &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paramānna (परमान्न).—n Rice boiled with milk & sugar.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paramanna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paramānna (परमान्न).—rice boiled in milk with sugar.

Derivable forms: paramānnam (परमान्नम्).

Paramānna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms parama and anna (अन्न).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paramānna (परमान्न).—n.

(-nnaṃ) An oblation of rice to progenitors or gods, boiled with milk and sugar. E. parama best, and anna boiled rice; or parama the best, the supreme, (deities, &c.) and anna food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paramānna (परमान्न):—[from parama > para] n. ‘best food’, rice boiled in milk with sugar (offered to gods or deceased ancestors), [Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paramānna (परमान्न):—[paramā+nna] (nnaṃ) 1. n. An oblation of rice with milk and sugar.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paramanna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paramanna in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paramānna (ಪರಮಾನ್ನ):—

1) [noun] an excellent food.

2) [noun] a sweet dish made of rice, milk, sugar, etc.).

3) [noun] a kind of pāyasa, a liquid sweet dish made of milk, sugar, etc.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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