Parakkama, Para-kkama: 3 definitions



Parakkama means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Parakkama (Parakkanta). A Pandyan king, probably the son of Vikkamapandu, who ruled over Ceylon for two years (1051 52). He was slain by the Colas. Cv.lvi.16.

2. Parakkama. A Pandu king of Madhura. When attacked by Kulasekhara, he appealed for assistance to Parakkamabahu 1. of Ceylon. Parakkamabahu sent an army under Lankapura to help him, but by the time the Sinhalese forces arrived, Kulasekhara had slain the king and his family and seized Madhura. Parakkamas youngest son, who escaped death, was Virapandu (Cv.lxxvi.76ff., 142, 193, 200). Parakkama was killed in the village of Tirimalakka. Ibid., lxxvii.52.

3. Parakkama. The general and minister of Queen Lilavati. He belonged to the family of the Kalanagaras and was responsible for the queens accession. He seems to have been slain by the Pandu king Parakkama (4) see below (Cv.lxxx.49, 52). This Parakkama, was a patron of learning, and the Dathavamsa (q.v.) was written at his request.

4. Parakkama. A Pandu king who deposed Queen Lilavati and captured the throne of Ceylon. He ruled in Pulatthinagara, but was captured by Magha and tortured to death. Cv.lxxx.52ff., 71.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Parakkama in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

parakkama : (m.) exertion; endeavour; effort.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Parakkama refers to: (parā+kram) exertion, endeavour, effort, strife D. I, 53; III, 113; S. I, 166 (daḷha°); II, 28 (purisa°); V, 66, 104 sq.; A. I, 4, 50 (purisa°); IV, 190; Sn. 293; Dh. 313; Nd1 487; J. I, 256; II, 153; Dhs. 13, 12, 289, 571; Miln. 244; DhA. IV, 139; Sdhp. 253; adj. (-°) sacca° one who strives after the truth J. IV, 383.

Note: parakkama is a Pali compound consisting of the words para and kkama.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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