Parai, Parāī: 4 definitions

Introduction:

Parai means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Parai refers to a “kind of skinned percussion instrument”, as mentioned in the Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic authored by Ilango Adigal representing an important piece of Tamil literature.—The twelfth canto in Maturaikkāṇtam speaksof the veṭṭuva-vari. Vallikkūttu comes in veṭṭtuva-vari. The maravar dress a young girl as Koṟṟavai and make her dance, while they also dance. This dance was done amidst the sounds of parai (a kind of skinned percussion instrument), kulal (long flute), kompu (a kind of wind instrument), flute, and bronze bell by a girl dressed like Koṟṟavai. This was danced in order that the Pandya king would wear the veṭci garland for having defeated his enemies.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

parāī (पराई).—f (parārdha S) A common term for the two portions which compose human life,--the advance to maturity and the decline into age. Ex. caḍhatī pa0 jāūna utaratī pa0 lāgalī.

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pāraī (पारई).—f A long iron bar ending in a point; a boring rod for stones; a bickern, a pitcher.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

parāī (पराई).—f A common term for the two por- tions which compose human life- the advance to maturity and the decline into age.

--- OR ---

pāraī (पारई).—f A long iron bar ending in a point.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Parāi (पराइ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Parāji.

2) Parāī (पराई) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Parakīyā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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