Paradara, Paradāra, Para-dara: 16 definitions


Paradara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Paradāra (परदार) refers to “adultery”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Those who are born on the lunar day of Mṛgaśirṣa will delight or deal in perfumes, dress, pearls, flowers, fruits, precious stones, wild beasts, birds and deer; will be Somayajis or singers; will be lascivious; will be good writers or painters. Those who are born on the lunar day of Ārdrā will delight in killing, torturing, lying, in adultery (paradāra), thieving, cheating and tale-bearing; will deal in pod-grains, black magic, sorcery and exorcism. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: HAL: The function of the Vṛṣasārasaṃgraha in the Śivadharma corpus (ds)

Paradāra (परदार) refers to “others’ wives”, which should be avoided by Saṃnyāsas—renouncers), according to the Vṛṣasārasaṃgraha: A Sanskrit text of twenty-four chapters contained in the Śivadharma corpus dealing with Dharma (religious duties).—Accordingly, [verse 11.45-46]: “He should avoid honey/alcohol and meat, as well as others’ wives (paradāra). He should avoid staying [in a place] for long and also staying at others’ places. He should avoid food that has been thrown away and he should avoid food from a single house. He should always refrain from accumulating [wealth] and from self conceit”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Paradara in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Paradāra (परदार) refers to “(gaining) other men’s wives”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.5 (“The Tripuras are fascinated).—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra narrated to Vyāsa: “O sage, addressing the lord of the Asuras and the citizens thus, the sage with his disciples spoiled the Vedic rites in a determined manner. [...] The fascinated men practised rites of seduction and winning over and made their artifices fruitful in gaining other men’s wives (paradāra). The attendant maids in the haremss, the princes, the citizens and the ladies were perfectly enchanted by him. Thus when the citizens became averse to virtuous rites and actions, evil reigned supreme. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paradara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paradāra : (m.) somebody else's wife.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paradāra refers to: the wife of another, somebody else’s wife M. I, 87; A. II, 71, 191; Sn. 108, 242 (°sevanā); Dh. 246, 309 (°upasevin, cp. DhA. III, 482); J. VI, 240; DhA. III, 481 (°kamma).

Note: paradāra is a Pali compound consisting of the words para and dāra.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paradāra (परदार).—m S The wife of another. 2 n (For paradvāra) Adultery with another's wife.

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paradārā (परदारा).—f (S) The wife of another. Ex. pa0 paradhana || āmhāṃ viṣasamāna ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paradārā (परदारा).—f The wife of another.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paradārā (परदारा).—m. (pl.) another's wife; °अभिगमनम्, °अभिमर्षः (abhigamanam, °abhimarṣaḥ) Adultery.

Derivable forms: paradārāḥ (परदाराः).

Paradārā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and dārā (दारा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paradāra (परदार).—m.

(-raḥ) Plu. Another's wife. E. para, and dāra a wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paradāra (परदार).—[masculine] sgl. & [plural] another’s wife; adultery.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paradāra (परदार):—[=para-dāra] [from para] m. sg. or [plural] another’s wife or wives, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] adultery, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra xxii, 29]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paradāra (परदार):—[para-dāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Another’s wife; adultery, intrigue.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paradara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paradara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Paradārā (परदारा):—(nf) another’s woman/wife.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paradāra (ಪರದಾರ):—

1) [noun] another’s wife.

2) [noun] the act or fact of having sexual relations with a person whom one is not married to.

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Pāradara (ಪಾರದರ):—[noun] = ಪಾರದಾರಿಕ - [paradarika -] 2.

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Pāradāra (ಪಾರದಾರ):—[noun] = ಪಾರದಾರಿಕ - [paradarika -] 2.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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