Parabhava, Parābhava, Parabhāva, Parābhāva, Para-bhava: 23 definitions
Parabhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Parabhav.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)
Parābhava (पराभव) refers to the fortieth of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The first year of the next yuga sacred to Viśvedeva is Śobhakṛt; the next year is known as Subhakṛt; the third is Krodhī; and the remaining years are known as Viśvāvasu and Parābhava. During the first two years mankind will be happy; during the third they will feel exceedingly miserable and during the last two years they will be neither happy nor miserable; but in the year Parābhava there will be fear from fire and suffering from weapons and from disease; the Brāhmins and cows will also suffer”.Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas
Parābhava (पराभव) refers to the fourtieth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—He whose birth has occurred in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘parabhava’ can hardly make accumulation of wealth, is the speaker of bitter or harsh words, is devoid of good conduct and is stupid.
According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year parabhava (2026-2027 AD) will be engaged in wickedness and will prove the ruiner of his family.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Parābhāva (पराभाव) is the fortieth of sixty years (saṃvatsara) in the Vedic lunar calendar according to the Arcana-dīpikā by Vāmana Mahārāja (cf. Appendix).—Accordingl, There are sixty different names for each year in the Vedic lunar calendar, which begins on the new moon day (Amāvasyā) after the appearance day of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu (Gaura-pūrṇimā), in February or March. The Vedic year [viz., Parābhāva], therefore, does not correspond exactly with the Christian solar calendar year.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Parabhāva (परभाव) refers to a “supreme state”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala: one of the earliest and most extensive Tantric sources of the Kālīkrama system.—Accordingly, as Bhairava teaches the Goddess about his inner state: “Established in the supreme state [i.e., parabhāva-sthita], I was penetrated by powerful meditation. Then (when this was happening) my supreme energy was awakened from the Root Wheel (kandacakra). Her nature the Great Consciousness and delighting in bliss endowed with consciousness, she entered into the reality in the centre within the foundation, which is the Void of the Pulsing Union (saṃghaṭṭa). There in the centre, O daughter of the mountains, is the supreme light between the two, being and non-being. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Parabhāva (परभाव) refers to the “highest state” (of Brahmā), according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 7.214cd-216ab, while describing the meditation on the kālahaṃsa]—“[...] When meditating [on haṃsa] in the middle [i.e., the retention of the breath in the central channel], the Yogin knows past, present, and future or by constant yoga and meditation. He becomes the same as Rudra. [He who possesses the] same longevity, strength, beauty, and power as [Rudra] obtains the state of Īśvara. [He achieves this] because he [has attained] the highest state (parabhāva) of Brahmā”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Parabhāva (परभाव) refers to the “greatest concentration” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.48 (“Description of Marriage of Śiva and Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] The shrewd people realised the majesty of lord Śiva. They were pleasantly surprised and began to say to one another.—‘Śiva is of the form of knowledge. He is greater than the greatest. It is at His bidding that the vast universe is born. He is of independent movement. He can be realised by the greatest concentration (parabhāva-gamya). He, the lord of the three worlds, is now seen by us.’ Then Meru and the excellent mountains became agitated and simultaneously spoke to Himavat, the lord of mountains”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Parabhāva (परभाव) or parabhāvaśūnyatā refers to “emptiness of other-existence” one of the “twenty emptinesses” (śūnyatā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 41). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., parabhāva). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Languages of India and abroad
parābhava : (m.) ruin; disgrace; degeneration.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Parābhava, (fr. parā+bhū Vedic parābhava) defeat, destruction, ruin, disgrace S. II, 241; A. II, 73; IV, 26; Sn. 91—115; J. III, 331; SnA 167. (Page 420)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
parābhava (पराभव).—m (S) Defeat, discomfiture, overthrow.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
parābhava (पराभव).—m Defeat, discomfiture, overthrow.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Defeat, discomfiture, overthrow; पराभवोऽप्युत्सव एव मानिनाम् (parābhavo'pyutsava eva māninām) Kirātārjunīya 1.41. (b) Mortification, humiliation; कुबेरस्य मनःशल्यं शंसतीव पराभवम् (kuberasya manaḥśalyaṃ śaṃsatīva parābhavam) Kumārasambhava 2.22; तव पदपल्लववैरिपराभवमिदमनुभवतु सुवेशम् (tava padapallavavairiparābhavamidamanubhavatu suveśam) Gītagovinda 12.
2) Contempt, disregard, disrespect.
4) Disappearance, separation (sometimes written parābhāva).
5) Name of the 4 th year in the cycle of 6 years.
Derivable forms: parābhavaḥ (पराभवः).
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Parābhāva (पराभाव).—Same as पराभव (parābhava); Mb.
Derivable forms: parābhāvaḥ (पराभावः).
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Parabhāva (परभाव).—a. loving another.
Parabhāva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and bhāva (भाव).
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Parabhāva (परभाव).—the being second member in a compound.
Derivable forms: parabhāvaḥ (परभावः).
Parabhāva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms para and bhāva (भाव).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Parābhava (पराभव).—m. (vaḥ) 1. Discomfiting, overcoming. 2. Contempt, disrespect, disgrace. 3. Destruction. 4. Mortification, humiliation. E. parā disgrace, bhū to be, ap aff. or rarely ghañ .
Parābhava can also be spelled as Parābhāva (पराभाव).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Parābhava (पराभव).—i. e. parā-bhū + a, m. 1. Disappearance, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 29, 24. 2. Defeat, Mārk. P. 18, 28. 3. Mortification, humiliation, Mahābhārata 4, 464; [Pañcatantra] pr. [distich] 11. 4. Disregard, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] Anth. 43, 9.
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Parābhāva (पराभाव).—i. e. parā-bhū + a, m. Defeat, [Arjunasamāgama] 10, 45.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Parābhava (पराभव).—[masculine] going away, parting, vanishing, disappearance, also = seq.
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Parābhāva (पराभाव).—[masculine] defeat, humiliation.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Parabhāva (परभाव):—[=para-bhāva] [from para] 1. para-bhāva mf(ā)n. loving another, [Mahābhārata]
2) [v.s. ...] 2. para-bhāva m. the being subsequent or second member in a compound, [Patañjali] (cf. -bhūta).
3) Parābhava (पराभव):—[=parā-bhava] [from parā-bhū] m. vanishing, disappearance, dissolution, separation, [Rāmāyaṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] overthrow, defeat, humiliation, mortification, contempt, injury, destruction, ruin, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] Name of the 40th (or 14th) year in Jupiter’s cycle of 6o years, [Varāha-mihira] (cf. parāvasu)
6) Parābhāva (पराभाव):—[=parā-bhāva] [from parā-bhū] m. defeat, overthrow, [Mahābhārata]
7) [v.s. ...] humiliation, contempt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Parābhava (पराभव):—[parā-bhava] (vaḥ) 1. m. Discomfiting; contempt; destruction.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Parābhava (पराभव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Parābhava.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Parābhava (पराभव) [Also spelled parabhav]:—(nm) defeat, overthrow; ruin; humiliation.
1) Parābhava (पराभव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Parābhū.
2) Parābhava (पराभव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Parābhava.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
1) [noun] the fact of being defeated; a defeat; failure.
2) [noun] lack of due respect or regard; a treating or being treated scornfully or contemptuously.
3) [noun] the act or an instance of disappearing; disappearance.
4) [noun] a being disintegrated into parts or fragments; disintegration.
5) [noun] the fortieth year in the Hindu cycle of sixty years.
6) [noun] a desroying or being destroyed; destruction.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Parabhava Sutta, Parabhavajna, Parabhavamgeyyu, Parabhavana, Parabhavanta, Parabhavapada, Parabhavashunyata, Parabhavati.
Ends with: Aparabhava, Kalaparabhava, Svaparabhava, Vijayendraparabhava.
Full-text (+47): Parabhuti, Paravasu, Parabhavapada, Samvatsara, Aparabhava, Aparabhuta, Parabhut, Parabhavinem, Parabhu, Parabhavashunyata, Vijayendraparabhava, Parabhav, Madhyamabisige, Anaishvarya, Maddimabisige, Manahshalya, Apapara, Asambhavin, Mudhamati, Mudhadhi.
Search found 27 books and stories containing Parabhava, Parābhava, Parabhāva, Parābhāva, Para-bhava, Para-bhāva, Parā-bhava, Parā-bhāva; (plurals include: Parabhavas, Parābhavas, Parabhāvas, Parābhāvas, bhavas, bhāvas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 6.7.1 < [Chapter 7 - The Marriage of Śrī Rukmiṇī]
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Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 7.24 < [Chapter 7 - Vijñāna-Yoga (Yoga through Realization of Transcendental Knowledge)]
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Chapter 2.3 - Nagarjuna’s Perspective of Mula-Madhyamika-karika
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