Paniya, Paṇiya, Pānīya, Pāṇiyā: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Paniya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Pānīya (“medicated water”).—Water 2 litre 560 ml. is boiled with coarsely pounded drug 40 gm. remaining to one-half (1 litre 280 ml.). This is pānīya such as ṣaḍaṅga-pānīya etc.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Pānīya (पानीय) refers to “water”, as mentioned in a verse sometimes added after 5.18 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] water [viz., pānīya] (is) the (spring of) life of (all) living beings, and everything (is) possessed of it; therefore water is in no case prohibited by (any) ever so incisive restriction (on food). Dryness of the mouth, languidness of the limbs etc., or (even) death (result) from its not being taken; for without water (there is) no function (of life either) in a healthy or in a diseased (person)”.

Note: After verse 18d, some manuscripts insert 4½ couplets from Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha I.6 (26cd—27, 31, 28—29 of our subsequent numeration), the first 2½ of which are also known to, and commented upon by, Aruṇadatta.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Pānīya (पानीय) refers to “water”, according to Bhāskara’s commentary on the Āryabhaṭīya.—Accordingly, “'How then is the one-sixtieth part of a nychthemeron to be determined?’ To this question, [the following] has to be said. In this connection some say: ‘The Ghaṭikā-yantra is a vessel [made out] of one of the metals like gold, silver or copper, hemispherical in shape (lit. semicircular), which holds sixty palas of water [i.e., ṣaṣṭipala-pānīya-dhāraka] and which is filled with or discharges [the same amount of water]’ [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Pānīya (पानीय) refers to “water” (for washing the hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the training of hawks]: “[...] Then every night, in the dim light of lamps, the eyes should be opened, and washed with cool and fair water (pānīya) [pānīye kṣālayet sukhaśītale]. The hawk should be gradually inspired with confidence and made to hear the falconer’s voice. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Pānīya (पानीय) refers to one of the Upakaraṇas (materials for worship), as discussed in chapter 23 (Kriyāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [pūjā-upakaraṇa-lakṣaṇa-vidhi]: Bhagavān says he will now describe and explain the utensils and instruments needed for worship (in the temple). [e.g., pānīya] [...] Then the pedestals for abhiṣeka, for decorating the deity, for the idol to take food on, and for processions are described (41-54). [...]

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pānīya (पानीय) refers to “drinking water” (suitable for an offering ritual) , according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering of the root spell], “[...] Having enchanted ash-water twenty-one times, and having sprinkled it [on himself], self-protection will be established. Having enchanted mustard seeds 108 times, and enchanted drinking water (pānīya) seven times at the time of the rumbling of clouds, one should throw mustard seeds towards the sky. Cloud-binding should be given in the sky. Facing the clouds all seized flowers and fruits fall onto the ground. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Paniya in India is the name of a plant defined with Commelina benghalensis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Commelina prostrata Regel (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Taxon (1981)
· Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (1815)
· Gartenflora (1868)
· Acta Bot. Indica (1975)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1992)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Paniya, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paṇiya : (nt.) article of trade.

-- or --

pānīya : (nt.) water; a drink; beverage.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paṇiya, (adj.) (ger. formation fr. paṇ, see paṇati & cp. BSk. paṇya in tara-paṇya fare AvŚ I. 148) to be sold or bought, vendible, nt. article of trade, ware A. II, 199; Vv 847 (=bhaṇḍa VvA. 337); J. IV, 363 (=bhaṇḍa C. 366). (Page 403)

— or —

Pānīya, (adj. nt.) (Vedic pānīya, fr. pāna) 1. drinkable S. II, 111.—2. drink, be erage, usually water for drinking Vin. II, 207; IV, 263; J. I, 198, 450; III, 491; V, 106, 382; Pv. I, 107; II, 119, 710; PvA. 4, 5. A reduced form pāniya (cp. Geiger, P. Gr. § 23) is also found, e.g. Vin. II, 153; D. I, 148; Pv. II, 102.—ghata a pot for drinking water Vin. II, 216; J. VI, 76, 85.—cāṭika drinking vessel DhA. IV, 129.—cāṭī id. J. I, 302.—ṭhālika drinking cup Vin. II, 214; IV, 263.—bhājana id. Vin. II, 153.—maṇḍapa water reservoir (BSk. id. e.g. AvŚ II. 86) Vin. II, 153.—māḷaka (?) J. VI, 85 (Hardy: Flacourtia cataphracta).—sālā a hall where drinking water is given Vin. II, 153; PvA. 102; cp. papā. (Page 453)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pānīya (पानीय).—a S (Proper or suitable) to be drunk. 2 Used as s n Water.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pānīya (पानीय).—n Water.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pānīya (पानीय).—a. [pā-karmaṇi anīyar]

1) Drinkable.

2) To be protected or preserved.

-yam 1 Water; पानीयं पातुमिच्छामि त्वत्तः कमललोचने (pānīyaṃ pātumicchāmi tvattaḥ kamalalocane) Udb.; Ā. L.9.

2) A drink, potion, beverage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pānīya (पानीय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. Drinkable, to be drunk. 2. To be cherished, protected or preserved. n.

(-yaṃ) Water. E. to drink, anīyar participial aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pānīya (पानीय).—[adjective] drinkable; [neuter] drink, beverage, [especially] water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pānīya (पानीय):—[from ] 1. pānīya mfn. to be drunk, drinkable, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] n. a beverage, drink, [ib.; Pañcatantra]

3) [v.s. ...] water, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. [Nirukta, by Yāska i, 16]).

4) [from ] 2. pānīya mfn. to be cherished or protected or preserved, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pānīya (पानीय):—(yaṃ) 1. n. Water; a drinkable.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pānīya (पानीय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāṇia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paniya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Paniyā (पनिया):—(a) aquatic, hydrous; (nm) water; ~[] to run with water; to get wet, to be softened/priming.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Paṇīya (पणीय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Praṇīta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pāṇiya (ಪಾಣಿಯ):—[noun] = ಪಾಣೀಯ [paniya].

--- OR ---

Pāṇīya (ಪಾಣೀಯ):—[noun] water.

--- OR ---

Pānīya (ಪಾನೀಯ):—[adjective] fit to drink; drinkable; potable.

--- OR ---

Pānīya (ಪಾನೀಯ):—

1) [noun] any liquid that is drinkable.

2) [noun] water.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Pāṇiyā (பாணியா) [pāṇiyātal] [pāṇi-ā] intransitive verb < பாணி⁶ [pani⁶] +. To be dissolved, as jaggery or sugar; வெல்லம் முதலியன கரைதல். [vellam muthaliyana karaithal.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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