Pandukabhaya, Paṇḍukābhaya, Pāṇḍukābhaya: 3 definitions

Introduction

Pandukabhaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pandukabhaya in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

King of Ceylon (377-307 B.C.). He was the son of Dighagamani and Ummada Citta and was protected from death in infancy by Citta and Kalavela, who afterwards became Yakkhas. He was brought up by a man in Dvaramandalaka, but several times his uncles, discovering his whereabouts, tried to kill him, for it had been foretold that he would slay his uncles in order to obtain possession of the kingdom. At the age of sixteen he was apprenticed to the brahmin Pandula, who taught him various arts and provided him later with the necessary money for an army. Pandulas son, Canda, was given as friend and counsellor to Pandukabhaya. Pandukabhaya married, by force, a maiden named Suvannapali, and declared war upon his uncles, all of whom, except the eldest, Abhaya, had determined to slay him. With the help of the Yakkhini Cetiya, who dwelt in Dhumarakkhapabbata, Pandukabhaya made all preparations for a final campaign against his uncles. For four years he lived in Dhumarakkha, and then for seven in Aritthapabbata. Following the counsel of Cetiya, he enticed his uncles into a trap, and slew them and their followers at Labugamaka. He then proceeded to Anuradhagama, where he set up his capital, which, thenceforward, came to be called Anuradhapura. His uncle, Abhaya, was made Nagaraguttika, and to him was given over the government of the city by night.

After establishing peace in the land, Pandukabhaya proceeded to lay out his capital as a city, and among the buildings which he erected were hermitages for the Niganthas Jotiya, Giri and Kumbhanda, and dwellings for the Ajivakas, the brahmins, etc. He also marked out the boundaries of the villages throughout the island. He ruled for seventy years, and died at the age of 107. He was succeeded by his son Mutasiva. Mhv.ix.28; x.1ff.; xi.1; Dpv.v.69, 81; x.9; xi.1 12.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pandukabhaya in Jainism glossary
Source: HereNow4U: Jainism in Tamil Nadu [1]

Pāṇḍukābhaya (पाण्डुकाभय) is the name of an ancient  Sinhalese king.—The Buddhist chronicle, Mahavamsa (Mahāvamśa; Ch. 10) states that the Sinhalese king, Pāṇḍukābhaya, built a temple for the Nigantha (nigaṇtha) Jotiya and another for Nigantha Kumbhamḍa. Nigantha is the pāli term for a Digambara monk. The period of this king is the second half of the 5th century A.D. It is clear that during his time, Jainism9 was established in Ceylon.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: A Study of dipavamsa

Pandukabhaya is the name of an ancient  Sinhalese king.—Tree worship was also prevalent in pre-Buddhist Ceylon. Mentions were made of mainly two trees which were regarded as sacred trees. One of them is banyan tree, which even today is usually regarded as sacred and dwelling of several deities. Pandukabhaya settled the Yakkha Vaisravana, the god of wealth, in a banyan tree near the western gate of the city and Vyadhadeva (god of huntsmen) in a palmyrah-tree near the western gate of the city.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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