Panduka, aka: Pāṇḍuka, Paṇḍuka; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Panduka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[Panduka in Ayurveda glossaries]

1) Pāṇḍuka (दीर्घशूक) is a Sanskrit word for a species of rice (śāli) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The literal translation of the word “yellowish-white colour”. The plant Pāṇḍuka is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant.

2) Pāṇḍuka (पाण्डुक) is another name for Paṭola (Trichosanthes dioica, “pointed gourd”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. Certain plant parts of Paṭola are eaten as vegetables.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Panduka in Itihasa glossaries]

Pāṇḍuka (पाण्डुक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.12, I.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pāṇḍuka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Panduka in Hinduism glossaries]

Buddhist Sanskrit texts know Pāṇḍuka, Pāṇḍuraka, Paṇḍulaka and Paṇḍaraka as names of a nāga king, one of the guardians of the great treasures.

(Source): Google Books: The Roots of Hinduism: The Early Aryans and the Indus Civilization

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Panduka in Theravada glossaries]

1. Panduka

One of the Chabbaggiya. He and Lohitaka were leaders of a special group called the Pandukalohitaka, who are mentioned as having been guilty of various offences against Vinaya rules (Vin.ii.1, 5, 6).

Panduka and Lohitaka lived at Jetavana and encouraged heretics by upholding their views. The Satapatta Jataka was preached in reference to these two (MA.ii.668; J.ii.387).

They were the least evil of the Chabbaggiyi. Sp.iii.614.

2. Panduka

A Damila usurper. He killed Mittasena and reigned for five years over Ceylon (433 8 A.C.), during which time he was unsuccessful in his attempts to kill Dhatusena, the rightful heir. Pandukas son was Parinda. Cv.xxxviii.11, 21, 29.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Panduka in Jainism glossaries]

Pāṇḍuka (पाण्डुक) or Pāṇḍukavana is the name of a forest situated on mount Sumeru, which lies at the centre of Jambūdvīpa: the tree enveloping the continent of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10.—There are four forests (vana) on Sumeru Mount. They are called Bhadraśāla, Nandanavana, Saumanasavana and Pāṇḍukavana. The first forest lies at the foot of the mountain and the rest in its platform. How many Jina temples are there in the four forests? There are four Jina temples in four directions in each forest for a total of 16 temples on the mount.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Panduka in Pali glossaries]

Paṇḍuka, (-roga) perhaps to be read with v. l. at M. II, 121 for bandhuka°. (Page 404)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Panduka in Sanskrit glossaries]

Pāṇḍuka (पाण्डुक).—

1) The yellowish-white colour.

2) Jaundice

3) Name of Pāṇḍu.

Derivable forms: pāṇḍukaḥ (पाण्डुकः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Pandukashila
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Pandukavana
Pāṇḍukavana (पाण्डुकवन) or simply Pāṇḍuka is the name of a forest situated on mount Sumeru, whi...
Panduka Nanda
One of the Nava Nanda.
Shali
Śāli (शालि) refers to “rice” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit for foo...
Patola
Paṭola (पटोल) refers to two types of vegetables fit for use in oblation offerings, according to...
Nidhi
Nidhi (निधि).—[ni-dhā-ādhāre ki]1) Abode, receptacle, reservoir; जल°, तोय°, तपोनिधि (jala°, toy...
Chabbaggiya
chabbaggiya : (adj.) belonging to the group of six.
Cha
Cha (छ).—a.1) Pure, clean.2) Trembling, unsteady.-chaḥ 1 A part, fragment.3) Cutting, dividing....
Bandhuka
Bandhuka (बन्धुक).—1) The tree called बन्धुजीव (bandhujīva).2) A bastard.-kā, -kī An unchaste w...
Assaji
Assaji was one of the first five arahants of Gautama Buddha. He is known for his conversion of ...
Bhadratirtha
Bhadratīrtha (भद्रतीर्थ) is the name of a Tīrtha (sacred bathing place) that is associated with...
Pandaraka
Paṇḍaraka (पण्डरक):—Buddhist Sanskrit texts know Pāṇḍuka, Pāṇḍuraka, Paṇḍulaka and Paṇ...
Cittaraja
Cittarāja (चित्तराज) of the Śīlāra line of kings is mentioned in the “Bhāṇḍup plates of Chittar...
Panduraka
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