Pancika, Pañcikā: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Pancika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchika.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Moggallana Pancika.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Pañcika (पञ्चिक) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Pañcika).

2) Pañcika (पञ्चिक) also refers to a deity summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

Pañcika (पञ्चिक) is the name of a Yakṣa appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Pañcāla, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Yakṣa Pañcika in Pañcāla], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

Pañcika (पञ्चिक) is also the name of a Yakṣa appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Cīnasthāna.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañcika.—(EI 1), a member of the pañcakula or Pañcāyat board. Note: pañcika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcikā (पंचिका).—f (S) A common name for the sections of the brāhmaṇabhāga of each vēda.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcikā (पञ्चिका).—

1) Name of each book of the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa.

2) A game played with five dice.

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Pañcikā (पञ्चिका).—See पञ्जिका (pañjikā). A journal, record; प्रायः पवित्रा लोकानामियं चारित्रपञ्चिका (prāyaḥ pavitrā lokānāmiyaṃ cāritrapañcikā) Mv.4.59.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pañcika (पञ्चिक).—name of a yakṣa: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 44.2. Note that Pañcaka is a well-supported v.l. for Paṇḍaka as name of yakkha in Pali, Mahāv. 12.21.

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Pāñcika (पाञ्चिक).—(compare Pañcaka, Malalasekara (Dictionary of Pali Proper Names), as var. for Paṇḍaka, name of a yakṣa), (1) name of a yakṣa: Mahāvyutpatti 3379; Mahā-Māyūrī 78 (see Lévi 101); Samādhirājasūtra p. 43, line 21; a yakṣa-general, (mahā-) senāpati, Divyāvadāna 163.18 f.; 447.7 ff.; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.24.15; Lalitavistara 202.9; Mahā-Māyūrī 236.2; 258.30; (2) name of a gandharva: Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 162.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pañcikā (पञ्चिका) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[grammatical] Quoted twice in Kṣīrataraṅgiṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcikā (पञ्चिका):—[from pañcaka > pañca] a f. a book consisting of 5 Adhyāyas (as those of the [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a game played with 5 shells, [Pāṇini 2-1, 10 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

3) Pañcika (पञ्चिक):—[from pañca] mfn. having the length of 5 [Śulba-sūtra]

4) Pañcikā (पञ्चिका):—[from pañcika > pañca] b f. See under pañcaka.

5) Pāñcika (पाञ्चिक):—[from pāñcāla] m. Name of the leader of the Yakṣas, [Buddhist literature]

6) [v.s. ...] of a man, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pañcikā (पञ्चिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṃciyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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