Pancayatana, aka: Pañcāyatana; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Pancayatana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchayatana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pancayatana in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pañcāyatana (पञ्चायतन).—An idol of Śiva in Kāśī. This idol is called Oṃkāra also. Bhagavān Parameśvara who gives mokṣa to men dwells in this idol in the form of Pañcāyatana. The five souls of Śiva are the five āyatanas. They are Śānti (tranquillity), Atītaśānti (passed beyond tranquillity), Parāparavidyā (Greater and smaller knowledge), Pratiṣṭhā (celebrity) and Nivṛtti (Recession). Because these five āyatanas dwell in the idol of Śiva at Kāśī it got the name Pañcāyatana. (Chapter 34, Padma Purāṇa).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Pañcāyatana (पञ्चायतन).—A sacred place on the Narmadā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 191. 6.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

Pancayatana in Ganapatya glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pañcāyatana (पञ्चायतन) or Pañcāyatanapūjā refers to the “worship of five forms”, which was popularized by Śaṅkarācārya, invokes the five deities Gaṇapati, Viṣṇu, Śiva, Devī, and Sūrya. It was instigated primarily to unite the five principal deities of the five major sects (Gāṇapatyas, Śaivas, Vaiṣṇavas, Śāktas, and Sauras) on an equal status, and, coincidentally, it takes into account the five physical elements. Gaṇeśa represents the element water, Viṣṇu represents space, Śiva represents earth, Devī represents fire, and Sūrya represents air.

Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self
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Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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India history and geogprahy

Pancayatana in India history glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pañca-ayatana.—(EI 28; CII 4), a type of temple ‘consisting of five rooms’; a five-shrine temple. Note: pañca-ayatana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Pancayatana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pañcāyatana (पंचायतन).—n (S) The five deities, viz. śiva, viṣṇu, sūrya, gaṇapati, dēvī; and fig. a club or knot of five persons, a cabal.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcāyatana (पंचायतन).—n The five deities, viz., śiva, viṣṇu, sūrya, gaṇapati, dēvī. A club or knot of five persons, a cabal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 683 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ayatana
Āyatana.—(EI 30), a temple or shrine. Cf. bhavana, ālaya, pura, etc. Cf. ṣaḍa-ayatana; an organ...
Pancagavya
Pañcagavya (पञ्चगव्य) refers to a compound of five cow-products, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1...
Panca
Pañca (पञ्च) is another name for Paṭola, a medicinal plant identified with Trichosanthes dioica...
Pancajanya
Pāñcajanya (पाञ्चजन्य).—m. (-nyaḥ) 1. Krishna'S conch. 2. A name of fire. 3. Any shell. 4. A so...
Pancashila
Pañcaśīla (पञ्चशील) refers to “five rules” within Buddhism ethical conduct.—These moral instruc...
Pancamahayajna
Pañcamahāyajña (पञ्चमहायज्ञ).—m. plu. (-jñāḥ) The five great sacraments of the Hindus, or the w...
Pancavaktra
Pañcavaktra (पञ्चवक्त्र).—m. (-ktrā) 1. Siva. 2. A lion. E. pañca five, and vaktra a face.
Pancendriya
Pañcendriya (पञ्चेन्द्रिय) refers to “five sensed living beings” and represents one of the five...
Pancanana
Pañcānana (पञ्चानन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Very passionate. m. (-naḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. (With ...
Pancabhuta
Pañcabhūta (पञ्चभूत).—mn. (-taḥ-taṃ) The five elements; earth, air, fire, water, Akas. E. pañca...
Pancashikha
Pañcaśikha (पञ्चशिख).—A sage of ancient times. The Purāṇas give the following details about him...
Pancamrita
Pañcāmṛta (पञ्चामृत) refers to five “ceremonial ablutions (snāna)”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇ...
Pancabhautika
Pāñcabhautika (पाञ्चभौतिक).—mfn. (-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Consisting or made of the five elements. E. pañc...
Pancaratra
Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र) or Pāñcarātrāgama refers to one of the two classifications of Vaiṣṇavāg...
Naivasamjnanasamjnayatana
Naivasaṃjñānāsaṃjñāyatana (नैवसंज्ञानासंज्ञायतन) referst to the “sphere of neither-discriminati...

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