Pancayatana, Pañcāyatana: 6 definitions


Pancayatana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchayatana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancayatana in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pañcāyatana (पञ्चायतन).—An idol of Śiva in Kāśī. This idol is called Oṃkāra also. Bhagavān Parameśvara who gives mokṣa to men dwells in this idol in the form of Pañcāyatana. The five souls of Śiva are the five āyatanas. They are Śānti (tranquillity), Atītaśānti (passed beyond tranquillity), Parāparavidyā (Greater and smaller knowledge), Pratiṣṭhā (celebrity) and Nivṛtti (Recession). Because these five āyatanas dwell in the idol of Śiva at Kāśī it got the name Pañcāyatana. (Chapter 34, Padma Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pañcāyatana (पञ्चायतन).—A sacred place on the Narmadā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 191. 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancayatana in Ganapatya glossary
Source: Google Books: Ganapati: Song of the Self

Pañcāyatana (पञ्चायतन) or Pañcāyatanapūjā refers to the “worship of five forms”, which was popularized by Śaṅkarācārya, invokes the five deities Gaṇapati, Viṣṇu, Śiva, Devī, and Sūrya. It was instigated primarily to unite the five principal deities of the five major sects (Gāṇapatyas, Śaivas, Vaiṣṇavas, Śāktas, and Sauras) on an equal status, and, coincidentally, it takes into account the five physical elements. Gaṇeśa represents the element water, Viṣṇu represents space, Śiva represents earth, Devī represents fire, and Sūrya represents air.

context information

Ganapatya (गाणपत्य, gāṇapatya) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Ganesha is revered and worshipped as the prime deity (ishta-devata). Being a minor though influential movement, Ganapatya evovled, llike Shaktism and Shaivism, as a separate movement leaving behind a large body of literature.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañca-ayatana.—(EI 28; CII 4), a type of temple ‘consisting of five rooms’; a five-shrine temple. Note: pañca-ayatana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancayatana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pañcāyatana (पंचायतन).—n (S) The five deities, viz. śiva, viṣṇu, sūrya, gaṇapati, dēvī; and fig. a club or knot of five persons, a cabal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pañcāyatana (पंचायतन).—n The five deities, viz., śiva, viṣṇu, sūrya, gaṇapati, dēvī. A club or knot of five persons, a cabal.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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