Pancajana, Pañcajana, Pancan-jana, Pamcajana: 12 definitions



Pancajana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchajana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pancajana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन) or Vīraṇa is the father of Asiknī: Dakṣa’s wife and mother of Umā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.13. Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada:—“[...] O lord of subjects, let Asiknī, the beautiful daughter of Pañcajana, the lord of five tribes, be taken by you as your consort. Indulging in sexual intercourse you can create subjects many in number in a beautiful woman like her”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—A Prajāpati. He gave his daughter Pañcajanī (Asiknī) in marriage to the great sage and law-giver Dakṣa. (6th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—An asura in the form of a conch in the Prabhāsa. Son of Samhrāda and Kṛtī, and father of Asikni. He seized the son of Sāndipana (or Sāndīpanī) and devoured him. Kṛṣṇa plunged into the sea and killing him, removed the conch which covered his body.1 Killed in Prāgjyotiṣa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 3. 2; VI. 4. 51; 18. 14; X. 45. 40-42. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 21. 27-8.
  • 2) Ib. V. 29. 19.

1b) A son of Sagara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 147.

1c) The father of Aṃśumān and fatherin-law of Yaśodā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 15. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancajana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—

1) a man, mankind.

2) Name of a demon who had assumed the form of a conch-shell, and was slain by Kṛṣṇa; तस्मै प्रादाद्वरं पुत्रं मृतं पञ्चजनोदरात् (tasmai prādādvaraṃ putraṃ mṛtaṃ pañcajanodarāt) Bhāg.3.3.2.

3) the soul.

4) the five classes of beings; i. e. gods, men, Gandharvas, serpents and pitṛs; यस्मिन् पञ्च पञ्चजना आकाशश्च प्रतिष्ठितः (yasmin pañca pañcajanā ākāśaśca pratiṣṭhitaḥ) Bṛ. Up.4.4.17.

5) the four primary castes of the Hindus (brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya and śūdra) with the Niṣādas or barbarians as the fifth (pl. in these two senses); (for a full exposition see Sārirabhāṣya on Br. Sūtras 1.4.11-13).

- an assemblage of five persons.

Derivable forms: pañcajanaḥ (पञ्चजनः).

Pañcajana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and jana (जन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. Man is general, a man. 2. The name of a demon, whose bones became the Conch Panchajanya, the shell of Krishna. f. (-nī) An assemblage of five persons E. pañca five, (elements,) and jana who is born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāñcajana (पाञ्चजन).—i. e. pañcan jana + a, patronym., m. and f. , A son or daughter of Pañcajana.

--- OR ---

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—I. m. 1. the five higher classes of beings (gods, men, Gandharvas with the Apsaras, serpents, and manes). 2. mankind. 3. the name of a demon, and of others. Ii. f. , a proper name.

Pañcajana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and jana (जन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—[masculine] the five (classes of) beings, i.e. gods, men, Gandharvas, Apsaras, serpents, & Manes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcajana (पञ्चजन):—[=pañca-jana] [from pañca] m. ([plural]) the 5 classes of beings (viz. gods, men, Gandharvas and Apsaras, serpents, and Pitṛs), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. man, mankind, [Harṣacarita] (nendra m. prince, king, [Rājataraṅgiṇī])

2) [v.s. ...] ([in the beginning of a compound]) the 5 elements, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a demon slain by Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (cf. pāñcajanya)

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Saṃhrāda by Kṛti, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Prajāpati, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Sagara by Keśinī, [Harivaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Sṛñjaya and father of Soma-datta, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन):—[pañca-jana] (naḥ) 1. m. Man; name of a demon. f. () Five persons.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancajana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancajana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcajana (ಪಂಚಜನ):—

1) [noun] (pl.) the five classes of beings gods, human beings, Gandharvas, serpents and manes.

2) [noun] a human being.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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