Pancajana, aka: Pañcajana, Pancan-jana; 4 Definition(s)


Pancajana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchajana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pancajana in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—A Prajāpati. He gave his daughter Pañcajanī (Asiknī) in marriage to the great sage and law-giver Dakṣa. (6th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—An asura in the form of a conch in the Prabhāsa. Son of Samhrāda and Kṛtī, and father of Asikni. He seized the son of Sāndipana (or Sāndīpanī) and devoured him. Kṛṣṇa plunged into the sea and killing him, removed the conch which covered his body.1 Killed in Prāgjyotiṣa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 3. 2; VI. 4. 51; 18. 14; X. 45. 40-42. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 21. 27-8.
  • 2) Ib. V. 29. 19.

1b) A son of Sagara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 147.

1c) The father of Aṃśumān and fatherin-law of Yaśodā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 15. 18.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pancajana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—

1) a man, mankind.

2) Name of a demon who had assumed the form of a conch-shell, and was slain by Kṛṣṇa; तस्मै प्रादाद्वरं पुत्रं मृतं पञ्चजनोदरात् (tasmai prādādvaraṃ putraṃ mṛtaṃ pañcajanodarāt) Bhāg.3.3.2.

3) the soul.

4) the five classes of beings; i. e. gods, men, Gandharvas, serpents and pitṛs; यस्मिन् पञ्च पञ्चजना आकाशश्च प्रतिष्ठितः (yasmin pañca pañcajanā ākāśaśca pratiṣṭhitaḥ) Bṛ. Up.4.4.17.

5) the four primary castes of the Hindus (brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya and śūdra) with the Niṣādas or barbarians as the fifth (pl. in these two senses); (for a full exposition see Sārirabhāṣya on Br. Sūtras 1.4.11-13).

- an assemblage of five persons.

Derivable forms: pañcajanaḥ (पञ्चजनः).

Pañcajana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pañcan and jana (जन).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcajana (पञ्चजन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. Man is general, a man. 2. The name of a demon, whose bones became the Conch Panchajanya, the shell of Krishna. f. (-nī) An assemblage of five persons E. pañca five, (elements,) and jana who is born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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