Palayita, Palāyita: 10 definitions


Palayita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Playit.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Palayita in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Palāyita (पलायित) refers to “having defeated” (former attachments), according to the Yogatārāvalī.—Accordingly, [while describing yoganidrā]: “[This] extraordinary sleep [which is] without dullness and void of thought [that is the world of] multiplicity, becomes manifest for people when [all their] former attachments have been defeated (palāyita) by the superiority of [their] inward awareness. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Palayita in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Palāyita (पलायित) refers to “having fled” (the battle, after defeat), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.10 (“Boasting of Tāraka”).—Accordingly, as Kumāra (Kārttikeya) fought with Tāraka-Asura: “[...] Some of the Asuras shrieking ‘O save O save’ with palms joined in reverence sought refuge in Kumāra. Numberless Asuras were killed. Many fled (palāyita). The fleeing Asuras were beaten and harassed by the gods and the Gaṇas. Thousands of them fled to Pātāla for their life. Those who tried to flee were disappointed and put to distress. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

palāyita (पलायित).—p S Run off, fled.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Palāyita (पलायित).—p. p. Fled, retreated, run away, escaped.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Palāyita (पलायित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Defeated, flown, run away, retreated. E. palāyana flying, itac aff., or parā + aygatyarthatvāt-karttari kta rasya laḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Palāyita (पलायित):—[from palāy] mfn. flown, fled, defeated, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] n. gallop, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] pul).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Palāyita (पलायित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) p.] Retreated.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Palāyita (पलायित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paḍāia, Palāia, Palāṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Palayita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Palāyita (पलायित) [Also spelled playit]:—(a) escaped; fugitive; left abruptly.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Palāyita (ಪಲಾಯಿತ):—

1) [noun] a man who has run away.

2) [noun] he who has escaped (as from a prison).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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