Pahana, Pahāna: 5 definitions



Pahana means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

overcoming, or liberation from, evil things through their d.; samuccheda-pahāna or samuccheda-vimutti; s. Pahāna (“destruction”).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'overcoming by the opposite,' s. Pahāna (“opposite”).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'overcoming', abandoning. There are 5 kinds of overcoming: (1) overcoming by repression (vikkhambhana-pahāna), i.e. the temporary suspension of the 5 hindrances (nīvarana, q.v.) during the absorptions, (2) overcoming by the opposite (tadanga-pahāna), (3) overcoming by destruction (samuccheda-pahāna), (4) overcoming by tranquillization (patipassaddhi-pahāna), (5) overcoming by escape (nissarana-pahāna).

(1) "Among these, 'overcoming by repression' is the pushing back of adverse things, such as the 5 mental hindrances (nīvarana q.v), etc., through this or that mental concentration (samādhi, q.v.), just as a pot thrown into moss-clad water pushes the moss aside....

(2) " 'Overcoming by the opposite' is the overcoming by opposing this or that thing that is to be overcome, by this or that factor of knowledge belonging to insight (vipassanā q.v.), just as a lighted lamp dispels the darkness of the night. In this way, the personality-belief (sakkāyaditthi, s. ditthi) is overcome by determining the mental and corporeal phenomena ... the view of uncausedness of existence by investigation into the conditions... the idea of eternity by contemplation of impermanency ... the idea of happiness by contemplation of misery....

(3) "If through the knowledge of the noble path (s. ariyapuggala) the fetters and other evil things cannot continue any longer, just like a tree destroyed by lightning, then such an overcoming is called 'overcoming by destruction' " (Vis.M. XXII, 110f.).

(4) When, after the disappearing of the fetters at the entrance into the paths, the fetters, from the moment of fruition (phala) onwards, are forever extinct and stilled, such overcoming is called the 'overcoming by tranquillization'.

(5) "The 'overcoming by escape' is identical with the extinction and Nibbāna" (Pts.M. I. 27). (App.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pahāna : (nt.) removal; giving up; abandoning; avoidance.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pahāna, (nt.) (fr. pa+, see pajahati) giving up, leaving, abandoning, rejection M. I, 60, III, 4, 72; S. I, 13, 132 (dukkha°); II, 170; III, 53; IV, 7 sq.; D. III, 225, 246; A. I, 82, 134; II, 26, 232 (kaṇhassa kammassa °āya).; III, 431; Sn. 374, 1106 (=vūpasama paṭinissagga etc. Nd2 429); Dh. 331; J. I, 79; Ps. I, 26; II, 98, 156; Pug. 16; Dhs. 165, 174, 339; Nett 15 sq. , 24, 192; Vism. 194 (nīvaraṇa-santāpa°); DhsA. 166, 345; VvA. 73. —°pariññā see pariññā; —°vinaya avoidance consisting in giving up (coupled with saṃvara-vinaya avoidance by protection, prophylaxis), based on the 5 qualities tadaṅga-pahāna, vikkhambhana°, samuccheda°, paṭippassaddhi°, nissaraṇa° DhsA. 351; SnA 8. (Page 448)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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