Pahana, Pahāna: 5 definitions
Pahana means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
overcoming, or liberation from, evil things through their d.; samuccheda-pahāna or samuccheda-vimutti; s. Pahāna (“destruction”).Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
'overcoming by the opposite,' s. Pahāna (“opposite”).Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
'overcoming', abandoning. There are 5 kinds of overcoming: (1) overcoming by repression (vikkhambhana-pahāna), i.e. the temporary suspension of the 5 hindrances (nīvarana, q.v.) during the absorptions, (2) overcoming by the opposite (tadanga-pahāna), (3) overcoming by destruction (samuccheda-pahāna), (4) overcoming by tranquillization (patipassaddhi-pahāna), (5) overcoming by escape (nissarana-pahāna).
(1) "Among these, 'overcoming by repression' is the pushing back of adverse things, such as the 5 mental hindrances (nīvarana q.v), etc., through this or that mental concentration (samādhi, q.v.), just as a pot thrown into moss-clad water pushes the moss aside....
(2) " 'Overcoming by the opposite' is the overcoming by opposing this or that thing that is to be overcome, by this or that factor of knowledge belonging to insight (vipassanā q.v.), just as a lighted lamp dispels the darkness of the night. In this way, the personality-belief (sakkāyaditthi, s. ditthi) is overcome by determining the mental and corporeal phenomena ... the view of uncausedness of existence by investigation into the conditions... the idea of eternity by contemplation of impermanency ... the idea of happiness by contemplation of misery....
(3) "If through the knowledge of the noble path (s. ariyapuggala) the fetters and other evil things cannot continue any longer, just like a tree destroyed by lightning, then such an overcoming is called 'overcoming by destruction' " (Vis.M. XXII, 110f.).
(4) When, after the disappearing of the fetters at the entrance into the paths, the fetters, from the moment of fruition (phala) onwards, are forever extinct and stilled, such overcoming is called the 'overcoming by tranquillization'.
(5) "The 'overcoming by escape' is identical with the extinction and Nibbāna" (Pts.M. I. 27). (App.).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
pahāna : (nt.) removal; giving up; abandoning; avoidance.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pahāna, (nt.) (fr. pa+hā, see pajahati) giving up, leaving, abandoning, rejection M. I, 60, III, 4, 72; S. I, 13, 132 (dukkha°); II, 170; III, 53; IV, 7 sq.; D. III, 225, 246; A. I, 82, 134; II, 26, 232 (kaṇhassa kammassa °āya).; III, 431; Sn. 374, 1106 (=vūpasama paṭinissagga etc. Nd2 429); Dh. 331; J. I, 79; Ps. I, 26; II, 98, 156; Pug. 16; Dhs. 165, 174, 339; Nett 15 sq. , 24, 192; Vism. 194 (nīvaraṇa-santāpa°); DhsA. 166, 345; VvA. 73. —°pariññā see pariññā; —°vinaya avoidance consisting in giving up (coupled with saṃvara-vinaya avoidance by protection, prophylaxis), based on the 5 qualities tadaṅga-pahāna, vikkhambhana°, samuccheda°, paṭippassaddhi°, nissaraṇa° DhsA. 351; SnA 8. (Page 448)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Anupahana, Apahana, Chandapahana, Cittopahana, Dukkhappahana, Gahanapahana, Ganamganupahana, Kilesapahana, Kilesappahana, Nissarana Pahana, Patipassaddhi Pahana, Samuccheda Pahana, Sipahana, Tadanga Pahana, Upahana, Vikkhambhana Pahana, Vippahana.
Full-text (+14): Repression, Patipassaddhi Pahana, Tranquilisation, Nissarana Pahana, Vikkhambhana Pahana, Tadanga Pahana, Vippahana, Chandapahana, Vinodana, Kilesapahana, Samuccheda Pahana, Tirana, Vipitthi, Samuccheda, Parinna, Giri Sutta, Pahina, Ubhato Bhaga Vimutta, Vikkhambhana, Vinayavadin.
Search found 13 books and stories containing Pahana, Pahāna; (plurals include: Pahanas, Pahānas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 9 - Greatness of the Pāramīs < [Chapter 7 - The Attainment of Buddhahood]
Part 9 - The Buddha’s Sojourn at the Ambalaṭṭhikā Garden < [Chapter 40 - The Buddha Declared the Seven Factors of Non-Decline for Rulers]
Part 4 - Righteous (Dhammavādi) and Unrighteous (Adhammavādi) < [Chapter 28 - The Buddha’s Tenth Vassa at Pālileyyaka Forest]
The Vipassana Dipani (by Mahathera Ledi Sayadaw)
The Doctrine of Paticcasamuppada (by U Than Daing)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Preliminary note on the ten concepts (daśa-saṃjñā) < [Chapter XXXVII - The Ten Concepts]
I. Lists of auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika or bodhipakkhiya) < [Note on the Thirty-seven Auxiliaries to Enlightenment]
A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas (by Sujin Boriharnwanaket)
Chapter 4 - The Three Kinds Of Full Understanding < [Part 5 - The Development Of Insight]
Chapter 1 - The Factors Leading To Enlightenment < [Part 5 - The Development Of Insight]
Chapter 2 - The Stages of Vipassanā < [Part 5 - The Development Of Insight]
A Discourse on Paticcasamuppada (by Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw)