Padmottara, Padma-uttara: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Padmottara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Padmottara in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर) is another name (synonym) for Kusumbha, which is the Sanskrit word for Carthamus tinctorius (safflower), a plant from the Asteraceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu, which is an Ayurvedic medicinal thesaurus. Certain plant parts of Kalamba are eaten as a vegetable (śāka).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Padmottara in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर) is the name of the Bodhisattva of the Padma universe according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV). Accordingly, “In the region of the nadir (adhas), beyond universes as numerous as the sands of the Ganges and at the extreme limit of these universes, there is the universe called Houa (Padma); its Buddha is called Houa tö (Padmaśrī) and its Bodhisattva Houa chang (Padmottara)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Padmottara).

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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Padmottara in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर) is the father of Padma: one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] Padma, the son of Jvālā and Padmottara, in Vārāṇasī, will live for thirty thousand years, twenty bows tall. In Kāmpīlya, Hariṣeṇa will be son of Merā and Mahāhari, living for ten thousand years, fifteen bows tall. These two will live while Muni and Nami are wandering (as Tīrthaṅkaras)”.

2) Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर) is the name of an ancient king from Susīmā and a previous incarnation of Śītalanātha, according to chapter 3.8 [śītalanātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“There is a regal city, named Susīmā, in the province of Vatsa, the ornament of East Videha in the half of Puṣkaravaradvīpa. Its king was named Padmottara, the best of all kings, like one of the Anuttaravimāna-gods who had come. In him, whose command was not transgressed, who was devoted to compassion for all creatures, existed the two emotions, the ‘heroic’ and the ‘tranquil’, like full brothers. He was constantly alert in regard to dharma, like a king in regard to his treasury, making it increase by many unobstructed devices. [...]”.

3) Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर) is the name of an ancient king from Ratnasañcayā and a previous incarnation of Vāsupūjya, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra].—Accordingly, “There is a city, Ratnasañcayā, in the province Maṅgalāvatī, which is the ornament of East Videha in the (inhabited) half of Puṣkaravaradvīpa. Its king was named Padmottara, always superior with a wealth of everything, dear to the people as the moon. He carried in mind the pure teaching of the Jinas, as kings carried his own commands on their heads with devotion. [...] One day he, noble-minded, went to the feet of the Guru Vajranābha and took initiation, the messenger of the advent of the Śrī of emancipation. [...]”.

4) Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर) is the name of an ancient king from Hāstinapura, according to chapter 6.8 [śrī-mahāpadma-cakrin-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Now in Bharatakṣetra of Jambūdvīpa there is a city Hāstinapura which resembles a city of the gods. Its king was named Padmottara, who belonged to the Ikṣvāku-family, like a lotus in the great lake Padma, the abode of Padmā. His chief-queen was named Jvālā who had shining virtues, the ornament of the harem, surpassing goddesses in beauty. Her first son, indicated by a dream of a lion, was born like a young god in beauty, named Viṣṇukumāra”.

5) Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर) is the son of Vidyādhara king Puṣpottara from Ratnapura, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa].—Accordingly:—“[...] After innumerable lords of Rakṣodvīpa had come and gone thus, Kīrtidhavala was lord of the Rākṣasas in the congregation of Śreyāṃsa. At that time there was a renowned king of Vidyādharas, Atīndra, in the city Meghapura on Mount Vaitāḍhya. By his wife, Śrīmatī, he had a son, Śrīkaṇṭha, and a daughter, Devī, like a goddess in beauty. The Vidyādhara-lord, Puṣpottara, lord of Ratnapura, asked the fair-eyed maiden in marriage for his son Padmottara. By the decree of fate, Atīndra did not give her to him, though he was meritorious and distinguished, but he gave her to Kīrtidhavala. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Padmottara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर).—in Mahāvastu spelled also Padumot°, Padu- muttara (1) (= Pali Padumuttara), name of a former Buddha, one of the standard list of 24 in Pali, in most [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] cases doubtless the same individual: Mahāvastu iii.240.2; 241.14; 243.3, 4, 22; 244.18; 247.5; 248.8; Lalitavistara 5.4; 172.13; Gaṇḍavyūha 206.13; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 499.22; a group of 500 Buddhas of this name (Pad- mot°) are recorded Mahāvastu i.58.1, 7; 61.16; (2) name of a future Pratyekabuddha: Avadāna-śataka i.128.6; (3) name of one or two Bodhi- sattvas: Gaṇḍavyūha 442.1; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 50.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Safflower. 2. A proper name: see the next. E. padma, and uttara better.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Pādmottara (पाद्मोत्तर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—paur. Oppert. Ii, 826. Probably, the Uttarakhaṇḍa of the Padmapurāṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर):—[from padma] m. Carthamus Tinctorius, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Buddha, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 136 n. 1]

3) [v.s. ...] of the father of Padma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Pādmottara (पाद्मोत्तर):—[from pādma] n. ([probably]) = Padma-P°, [ii.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर):—[padmo+ttara] (raḥ) 1. m. A safflower.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Padmottara (पद्मोत्तर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paumuttara, Paumuttarā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Padmottara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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