Padmakosha, Padma-kosha, Padmakośa, Padmakoṣa: 11 definitions


Padmakosha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Padmakośa and Padmakoṣa can be transliterated into English as Padmakosa or Padmakosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Padmakośa (पद्मकोश, “lotus-bud”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Padmakośa (lotus bud): the fingers separated and a little bent, the palm a little hollowed. Usage : fruit, wood-apple, elephant apple, etc., breast, curve, ball of flowers, light food, bud, mango, rain of flowers, cluster of flowers, the japā-flower, the shape of a bell, the hole of a snake, a water-lily, an egg.

According to another book: the hand is like a perfect whitelotus. Nārāyaṇa used this hand when worshipping Śiva with lotus flowers to obtain the discus. Its sage is Padmadhara, its race Yakṣa, and it also partakes of the Kinnara kind, its presidingdeity is Bhārgava. Usage: trunk of an elephant, brilliance, vessel of gold or silver, coil of hair, moderation, charm, saying “Sadhu”, bell, ball of flowers, lotus, hole of a snake, etc., curve, breast, coconut, mango, karṇīkāra, mirror, bending a bough, rainof flowers, pot, egg, opening (of a flower), wood-apple, elephant-apple.

Source: Natya Shastra

Padmakośa (पद्मकोश, “lotus-bud”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The fingers including the thumb to be separated and their ends to bend, but not to meet one another.

(Uses): To represent Bilva and Kapittha (elephant-apple) fruits and the breasts of women [this hand is to be used]. But to represent accepting [these fruits] or flesh, this hand should be slightly bent at its end.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

1) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश) refers to one of the twenty-two Asaṃyuktahastas or “single hand gestures” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The hasta-mudrās (lit. “hand-gestures”) are very essential to denote some particular action or state in dancing and these mudrās are formed with the help of hands and fingers.— The word padmakośa means the calyx of a lotus. According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the top of all fingers are brought together in padmakośa-hasta and it looks like the nails of a swan. In this regard the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa seems to take a suggested meaning of the word padmakośa and not its etymological meaning which denotes the internal portion of a lotus but not the nails of a swan. The uses of this posture are not mentioned in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa. But according to the Abhinayadarpaṇa, this posture denotes some round shaped objects like breast of a woman, ball, round shaped cooking pot, egg and bell. This posture is also used to show the blowing buds of flowers like marigold, lotus etc. Some kind of fruits like mango and wood apple are also portrayed with his hand posture.

2) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश) refers to one of the thirty Nṛttahastas or “dance hand gestures”.—In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, thirty kinds of nṛttahastas (“dance-hand gestures”) are mentioned. e.g., padmakośa. The practice of these nṛttahastas is strictly prohibited in sickness of body, in old age, in fear, drunk and anxiety.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Padmakosha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Padmakośa (पद्मकोश) refers to the “sheath of the lotus” (of the Heart), according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, as Bhairava explains: “[...] The womb (of energy) (yoni) between the anus and the genitals shines like heated gold. One should imagine that it [i.e., parāśakti—the supreme energy] enters the other body up to the end of emission (in the End of the Twelve). O goddess, that very moment, (the disciple) is well-pierced and so falls shaking (to the ground). Having visualized (the goddess) entering into the middle of the Heart in the form of a flame, the goddess in the sheath of the lotus [i.e., padmakośa] (of the Heart) can cause even mountains to fall”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Padmakosha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Padmakośa (पद्मकोश) or Padmakoṣa (पद्मकोष).—

1) the calyx of a lotus.

2) a position of the fingers resembling the calyx of a lotus.

Derivable forms: padmakośaḥ (पद्मकोशः), padmakoṣaḥ (पद्मकोषः).

Padmakośa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms padma and kośa (कोश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—jy. L. 2447. B. 4, 152. Bik. 323. Oudh. Xiv, 50. H. 293. 294. See Jyotiṣapadmakośa.
—[commentary] Padmakośaprakāśa by Lakṣmīpati. NW. 562.

2) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश):—jy. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 6 (Bhāvādhyāya). Oudh. Xx, 114. 116. 126. Stein 165 (inc.).
—or Maṇitthajātaka, by Govardhana, son of Rāma. Bik. 223. Fl. 305. L. 2447. Peters. 4, 35.

3) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश):—a dictionary, by Prayāgadāsa. Oudh. Xxi, 60.

4) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश):—jy. by Govardhana, son of Rāma. Ak 873. L.. 1113.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश):—[=padma-kośa] [from padma] m. the calyx of a l°, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (śāya [Nominal verb] [Ātmanepada] yate, to resemble the c° of a l°, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]; śi-√kṛ, to make into the c° of a l°, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan])

2) [v.s. ...] a [particular] position of the fingers resembling the c° of a l°, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] (also -jātaka n.)

[Sanskrit to German]

Padmakosha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Padmakosha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Padmakōśa (ಪದ್ಮಕೋಶ):—

1) [noun] a lotus-bud.

2) [noun] (dance) a single hand gesture with the five fingers slightly bent inwards but their tips not touching one another, resembling a lotus-bud.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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