Padmakosha, Padma-kosha, Padmakośa, Padmakoṣa: 6 definitions

Introduction

Padmakosha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Padmakośa and Padmakoṣa can be transliterated into English as Padmakosa or Padmakosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Padmakośa (पद्मकोश, “lotus-bud”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Padmakośa (lotus bud): the fingers separated and a little bent, the palm a little hollowed. Usage : fruit, wood-apple, elephant apple, etc., breast, curve, ball of flowers, light food, bud, mango, rain of flowers, cluster of flowers, the japā-flower, the shape of a bell, the hole of a snake, a water-lily, an egg.

According to another book: the hand is like a perfect whitelotus. Nārāyaṇa used this hand when worshipping Śiva with lotus flowers to obtain the discus. Its sage is Padmadhara, its race Yakṣa, and it also partakes of the Kinnara kind, its presidingdeity is Bhārgava. Usage: trunk of an elephant, brilliance, vessel of gold or silver, coil of hair, moderation, charm, saying “Sadhu”, bell, ball of flowers, lotus, hole of a snake, etc., curve, breast, coconut, mango, karṇīkāra, mirror, bending a bough, rainof flowers, pot, egg, opening (of a flower), wood-apple, elephant-apple.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Padmakośa (पद्मकोश, “lotus-bud”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The fingers including the thumb to be separated and their ends to bend, but not to meet one another.

(Uses): To represent Bilva and Kapittha (elephant-apple) fruits and the breasts of women [this hand is to be used]. But to represent accepting [these fruits] or flesh, this hand should be slightly bent at its end.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Padmakosha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Padmakośa (पद्मकोश) or Padmakoṣa (पद्मकोष).—

1) the calyx of a lotus.

2) a position of the fingers resembling the calyx of a lotus.

Derivable forms: padmakośaḥ (पद्मकोशः), padmakoṣaḥ (पद्मकोषः).

Padmakośa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms padma and kośa (कोश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—jy. L. 2447. B. 4, 152. Bik. 323. Oudh. Xiv, 50. H. 293. 294. See Jyotiṣapadmakośa.
—[commentary] Padmakośaprakāśa by Lakṣmīpati. NW. 562.

2) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश):—jy. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 6 (Bhāvādhyāya). Oudh. Xx, 114. 116. 126. Stein 165 (inc.).
—or Maṇitthajātaka, by Govardhana, son of Rāma. Bik. 223. Fl. 305. L. 2447. Peters. 4, 35.

3) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश):—a dictionary, by Prayāgadāsa. Oudh. Xxi, 60.

4) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश):—jy. by Govardhana, son of Rāma. Ak 873. L.. 1113.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Padmakośa (पद्मकोश):—[=padma-kośa] [from padma] m. the calyx of a l°, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (śāya [Nominal verb] [Ātmanepada] yate, to resemble the c° of a l°, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]; śi-√kṛ, to make into the c° of a l°, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan])

2) [v.s. ...] a [particular] position of the fingers resembling the c° of a l°, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of [work] (also -jātaka n.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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