Padakara, Paḍakara, Padakāra, Pada-kara: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Padakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Padakāra (पदकार).—lit. one who has divided the Samhitā text of the Vedas into the Pada-text. The term is applied to ancient Vedic Scholars शाकल्य, आत्रेय, कात्यायन (śākalya, ātreya, kātyāyana) and others who wrote the Padapātha of the Vedic Samhitās. The term is applied possibly through misunderstanding by some scholars to the Mahābhāsyakāra who has not divided any Vedic Samhitā,but has, in fact, pointed out a few errors of the Padakāras and stated categorically that grammarians need not follow the Padapāțha, but, rather, the writers of the Padapāțha should have followed the rules of grammar. Patañjali, in fact, refers by the term पदकार (padakāra) to Kātyāyana, who wrote the Padapātha and the Prātiśākhya of the Vājasaneyi-Samhitā in the following statement--न लक्षणेन पदकारा अनुवर्त्याः। पदकारैर्नाम लक्षणमनुवर्त्यम्। यथालक्षणं पदं कर्तव्यम् (na lakṣaṇena padakārā anuvartyāḥ| padakārairnāma lakṣaṇamanuvartyam| yathālakṣaṇaṃ padaṃ kartavyam) M. Bh. on P. III.1. 109; VI. 1. 207; VIII. 2.16; cf. also अदीधयुरिति पदकारस्य प्रत्याख्यानपक्षे उदाह-रणमुपपन्नं भवति (adīdhayuriti padakārasya pratyākhyānapakṣe udāha-raṇamupapannaṃ bhavati) (परिभाषासूचन (paribhāṣāsūcana) of व्याडि (vyāḍi) Pari. 42) where Vyādi clearly refers to the Vārtika of Kātyāyana ' दीधीवेव्योश्छन्दोविषयत्वात् (dīdhīvevyośchandoviṣayatvāt) ' P. I. 1.6 Vārt. I. The misunderstanding is due to passages in the commentary of स्कन्दस्वामिन् (skandasvāmin) on the Nirukta passage I. 3, उब्वट-टीका (ubvaṭa-ṭīkā) on ऋक्प्रातिशाख्य (ṛkprātiśākhya) XIII. 19 and others where the statements referred to as those of Patañjali are, in fact, quotations from the Prātiśākhya works and it is the writers of the Prātiśākhya works who are referred to as padakāras by Patañ jali in the Mahābhāsya.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Padakāra.—(IE 8-8), probably, a shoe-maker or a hawker (Hindī pāukār). Note: padakāra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paḍakara (पडकर).—a W (paḍaṇēṃ) Lying fallow--a field: desolate--a village: unoccupied--a house: unused--an article: lying out of employ--a person.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paḍakara (पडकर).—a Lying fallow. Unoccupied. Unused. Lying out of employ-a person.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Padakāra (पदकार).—m. the author of the Padapāṭha.

Derivable forms: padakāraḥ (पदकारः).

Padakāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pada and kāra (कार). See also (synonyms): padakṛt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Padakāra (पदकार).—m.

(-raḥ) One who divides or separates compound term. E. pada, and kāra who makes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Padakāra (पदकार):—[=pada-kāra] [from pada > pad] m. the author of the Pada-pāṭha, [Pāṇini; Mahīdhara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Padakāra (पदकार):—[pada-kāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Who divides or separates compounds.

[Sanskrit to German]

Padakara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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