Pabbajja, Pabbajjā: 4 definitions



Pabbajja means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms"Going forth (from home to the homeless life)"; ordination as a samanera (samaneri), or novice monk (nun). See upasampada.Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

lit. 'the going forth', or more fully stated, 'the going forth from home to the homeless life' of a monk (agārasmā anagāriyam pabbajjā), consists in severing all family and social ties to live the pure life of a monk, in order to realize the goal of final deliverance pointed out by the Enlightened One. Thus, p. has become the name for admission as a sāmanera, or novice, i.e. as a candidate for the Order of Bhikkhus, or monks.

See Going Fonh, by Sumana Samanera (WHEEL 27/28) - Ordination in Theravāda Buddhism (WHEEL 56).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pabbajja in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pabbajjā : (f.) taking up of the ascetic life; becoming a monk.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pabbajjā, (f.) (fr. pa+vraj, cp. pabbajati, Epic & BSk. pravrajyā) leaving the world, adopting the ascetic life; state of being a Buddhist friar, taking the (yellow) robe, ordination.—(1) ordination or admission into the Buddha’s Order in particular: Vin. III, 13; S. I, 161 etc.—sāmanera° ordination of a Novice, described in full at Vin. I, 82.—pabbajjaṃ yācati to beg admission Vin. IV, 129; labhati to gain admission to the Order Vin. I, 12, 17, 32; D. I, 176; S. IV, 181.—(2) ascetic or homeless life in general D. III, 147 sq.; M. III, 33 (abbhokāso p.); S. V, 350 (id.; read pabbajjā); A. V, 204 (id.); S. II, 128 (read °jjā for °jā); IV, 260; A. I, 151, 168; IV, 274 sq.; Sn. 405, 406, 567; It. 75 (pabbajjāya ceteti); Miln. 19 (dhamma-cariya-samacariy’atthā p.); DhA. I, 6; SnA 49, 327, 423; ThA. 251.—pabbajjaṃ upagata gone into the homeless state PvA. 167 (for pabbajita); agārasmā anagāriyaṃ p. the going forth from home into the homeless state Vin. II, 253; M. II, 56; pabbajjaṃ pabbajati to undertake or go into the ascetic life, in foll. varieties: isi° of a Saint or Sage J. I, 298, 303; DhA. IV, 55; PvA. 162 (of the Buddha); tāpasa° of a Hermit J. III, 119; DA. I, 270 (described in detail); DhA. IV, 29; PvA. 21; samaṇa° of a Wanderer PvA. 76. ‹-› Note. The ceremony of admission to the priesthood is called pabbajjā (or pabbajana), if viewed as the act of the candidate of orders, and pabbājana (q. v.), if viewed as the act of the priest conferring orders; the latter term however does not occur in this meaning in the Canon. (Page 414)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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