Paṇya, Panya, Pāṇya: 16 definitions


Paṇya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Paṇya (पण्य) or Paṇyopajīvī refers to “one who is living on trade”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not have forsaken his vows or fasting nor be the husband of a Śūdra, nor living on trade (paṇya-upajīvī) or theater. He should not be an adulterer with a bought woman. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., paṇya-upajīvī), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., paṇya-upajīvī) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Paṇya (पण्य) refers to a “dealer” or “trader”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Caitra painters, writers, singers, prostitutes, men learned in the Vedas and dealers in gold [i.e., hiraṇya-paṇya], the people of Pauṇḍra, of Auḍra, of Kekaya and of Āśmaka will suffer distress and there will be good rain throughout the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Panya in India is the name of a plant defined with Prunus cerasoides in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cerasus puddum Wall. (among others).

2) Panya in Indonesia is also identified with Carica papaya It has the synonym Vasconcellea peltata A. DC. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Silvae Geneticae (1973)
· The Gardeners Dictionary (1754)
· Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique (Lamarck) (1804)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1790)
· Eclogae Plantarum Rariorum (1811)
· Trees & Shrubs URSS (1954)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Panya, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paṇya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paṇya : (m.) a trader.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paṇya (पण्य).—a S To be sold; fit, possible, necessary, designed &c. to be sold.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paṇya (पण्य).—a To be sold; fit, designed &c. to be sold.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṇya (पण्य).—a. [paṇ-karmaṇi yat]

1) Saleable, vendible.

2) To be transacted.

-ṇyaḥ 1 A ware, an article, a commodity; पूराबभासे विपणिस्थपण्या (pūrābabhāse vipaṇisthapaṇyā) R.16.41; पण्यानां गान्धिकं पण्यम् (paṇyānāṃ gāndhikaṃ paṇyam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.13; सौभाग्यपण्याकरः (saubhāgyapaṇyākaraḥ) Mṛcchakaṭika 8.38; Manusmṛti 5.129; M.1.17; Y.2.245.

2) Trade, business.

3) Price; महता पुण्यपण्येन क्रीतेयं कायनौस्त्वया (mahatā puṇyapaṇyena krīteyaṃ kāyanaustvayā) Śānti.3.1.

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Pāṇya (पाण्य).—a. Praiseworthy, commendable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṇya (पण्य).—mfn.

(-ṇyaḥ-ṇyā-ṇyaṃ) 1. To be sold, salable, vendible. 2. To be praised, 3. To be transacted as business. n.

(-ṇyaṃ) 1. A ware. 2. Price. 3. Traffic. f.

(-ṇyā) Heart pea: see piṇyā. E. paṇa to deal, karmaṇiyat aff.

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Pāṇya (पाण्य).—mfn.

(-ṇyaḥ-ṇyā-ṇyaṃ) Excellent, praise-worthy. E. paṇ to praise, aff. ṇyat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṇya (पण्य).—1. [adjective] to be sold, vendible; [neuter] article of trade, ware (poss. vant†); traffic, business; warehouse, shop.

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Paṇya (पण्य).—2. [adjective] to be praised.

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Panya (पन्य).—[adjective] wonderful, glorious.

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Pāṇya (पाण्य).—[adjective] relating to the hand.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṇya (पण्य):—[from paṇ] mfn. to be praised or commended, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] to be bought or sold, vendible (See n. and [compound])

3) [v.s. ...] to be transacted, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Paṇyā (पण्या):—[from paṇya > paṇ] f. Cardiospermum Halicacabum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Paṇya (पण्य):—[from paṇ] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) an article of trade, a ware, commodity, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] trade, traffic, business, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Kāvya literature] (cf. jñāna-)

7) [v.s. ...] a booth, shop, [Daśakumāra-carita]

8) Panya (पन्य):—[from pan] mfn. astonishing, glorious, [ib.] (superl. -tama).

9) Pāṇya (पाण्य):—[from pāṇi] 1. pāṇya mf(ā)n. (for 2. See p.616) belonging to the hand, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] m. [patronymic] = kauṇḍinya, [Catalogue(s)]

11) 2. pāṇya mfn. (√paṇ) praiseworthy, excellent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (For i. See p. 615, col. 3.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṇya (पण्य):—[(ṇyaḥ-ṇyā-ṇyaṃ) a.] Vendible, saleable; worthy of praise; negociable. f. (ṇyā) Heart-pea.

2) Pāṇya (पाण्य):—[(ṇyaḥ-ṇyā-ṇyaṃ) a.] Praiseworthy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paṇya (पण्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṇia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paṇya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paṇya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Paṇya (पण्य) [Also spelled pany]:—(nm) a commodity; merchandise; (a) marketable; ~[] marketability; -[yogyatā] marketability; ~[śālā] an emporium.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṇya (ಪಣ್ಯ):—[noun] that is to be or fit to be sold; saleable.

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Paṇya (ಪಣ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the act, process or an instance of selling; sale.

2) [noun] anything bought and sold; any article of commerce; a commodity.

3) [noun] the amount of money or its equivalent for which anything is bought, sold or offered for sale; price.

4) [noun] business, dealings or the manner of conducting business, dealings.

5) [noun] that which is fit to be lauded, praised; a laudable thing, person or event.

6) [noun] a place where goods are sold; a shop.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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