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Paṇava, aka: Panava; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Paṇava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Paṇava (पणव) is a Sanskrit word referring to a musical instrument (a small drum or tabor), to be sounded during the ceremony of “laying the foundation” of the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.35-37.

2) Paṇava (पणव) is another name for Kuvalayamālā, which refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first, the eighth, the ninth and the tenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu). It is also known by the name Paṇava.

⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⎼¦¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⎼¦¦
⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⎼¦¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⎼¦¦

Paṇava falls in the Paṅkti class of chandas (‘rhythm-type’), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing ten syllables each.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Purāṇa

Paṇava (पणव): a Musical Instrument.—It is not found mentioned in the Ṛgveda and the paṇava-deṇḍima is mentioned in the Jātakas; and this Paṇava is probably the same as our Paṇava. The Rāmāyaṇa mentions its use in military bands, and the Mahābhārata confirms this. The Vāyu-purāṇa associates its use with the Kurus as above.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

1a) Paṇava (पणव).—A son of Bāhyaka.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 4.

1b) A musical instrument.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 40; Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 9. 15.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Pali

Paṇava, (cp. Ep. Sk. paṇava, dial; accord. to BR a corruption of praṇava) a small drum or cymbal D. I, 79; S. II, 128; IV, 344; A. II, 117, 241; J. III, 59 (of an executioner; PvA. 4 in id. p. has paṭaha); Th. 1, 467; Bu I. 32; Vv 8110; Dhs. 621 (°sadda); DhA. I, 18. (Page 403)

— or —

Paṇava, (cp. Ep. Sk. paṇava, dial; accord. to BR a corruption of praṇava) a small drum or cymbal D. I, 79; S. II, 128; IV, 344; A. II, 117, 241; J. III, 59 (of an executioner; PvA. 4 in id. p. has paṭaha); Th. 1, 467; Bu I. 32; Vv 8110; Dhs. 621 (°sadda); DhA. I, 18. (Page 403)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 4 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shankha
Śaṅkha (शङ्ख) is the shorter name of  Śaṅkhadvīpa, one of the continents (dvīpa) of the mi...
Bheri
Bherī (भेरी) refers to a musical instrument, first mentioned in Nāṭyaśāstra 4.253, after Śiv...
Avanaddha
Avanaddha (अवनद्ध).—Players of Mṛdaṅga (earthen drum), Paṇava and Dardura are collectively call...
Kuvalayamala
Kuvalayamālā (कुवलयमाला) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāst...

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Search found 8 books containing Paṇava or Panava. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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