Paṇava, aka: Panava; 4 Definition(s)
The Sanskrit term Paṇava can be transliterated into English as Panava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
1) Paṇava (पणव) is a Sanskrit word referring to a musical instrument (a small drum or tabor), to be sounded during the ceremony of “laying the foundation” of the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 2.35-37.
2) Paṇava (पणव) is another name for Kuvalayamālā, which refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first, the eighth, the ninth and the tenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu). It is also known by the name Paṇava.
Paṇava falls in the Paṅkti class of chandas (‘rhythm-type’), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing ten syllables each.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
about this context:
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
Paṇava (पणव): a Musical Instrument.—It is not found mentioned in the Ṛgveda and the paṇava-deṇḍima is mentioned in the Jātakas; and this Paṇava is probably the same as our Paṇava. The Rāmāyaṇa mentions its use in military bands, and the Mahābhārata confirms this. The Vāyu-purāṇa associates its use with the Kurus as above.Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
1a) Paṇava (पणव).—A son of Bāhyaka.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 4.
1b) A musical instrument.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 40; Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 9. 15.
about this context:
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Paṇava, (cp. Ep. Sk. paṇava, dial; accord. to BR a corruption of praṇava) a small drum or cymbal D. I, 79; S. II, 128; IV, 344; A. II, 117, 241; J. III, 59 (of an executioner; PvA. 4 in id. p. has paṭaha); Th. 1, 467; Bu I. 32; Vv 8110; Dhs. 621 (°sadda); DhA. I, 18. (Page 403)
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Paṇava, (cp. Ep. Sk. paṇava, dial; accord. to BR a corruption of praṇava) a small drum or cymbal D. I, 79; S. II, 128; IV, 344; A. II, 117, 241; J. III, 59 (of an executioner; PvA. 4 in id. p. has paṭaha); Th. 1, 467; Bu I. 32; Vv 8110; Dhs. 621 (°sadda); DhA. I, 18. (Page 403)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
about this context:
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
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