Nyuna, Nyūna: 8 definitions


Nyuna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nyūna (न्यून).—Incomplete in sense or wording as opposed to Pūrņa; cf. अयवावे न्यूने (ayavāve nyūne) (पादे न संनिकृष्येते (pāde na saṃnikṛṣyete)) R. T. 76.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nyūna (न्यून).—a (S) Less. 2 Less, short, deficient, defective. 3 Lower (in price, value, rank).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nyūna (न्यून).—a Less. Short, deficient. Lower (in price, value, rank).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून).—a.

1) Lessened, diminished, shortened.

3) Defective, inferior, deficient, wanting, destitute of; as in अर्थन्यून (arthanyūna); अथ कस्मादेतानि वैकृतानि वाक्यानि न्यूनान्येव नानुमन्यन्ते । किमेभिः पूरितैः । न्यूनानि अनेकार्थानि भवन्ति (atha kasmādetāni vaikṛtāni vākyāni nyūnānyeva nānumanyante | kimebhiḥ pūritaiḥ | nyūnāni anekārthāni bhavanti) ŚB. on MS.7.4.12.

3) Less (opp. adhika); न्यूनाधिकविभक्तानां धर्म्यः पितृकृतः स्मृतः (nyūnādhikavibhaktānāṃ dharmyaḥ pitṛkṛtaḥ smṛtaḥ) Y.2.116.

4) Defective (in some organ); पाद° (pāda°).

5) Low, wicked, vile, despicable.

-nam Want or omission of one of the five members in a Nyāya argument.

-nam ind. Less, in a less degree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Blamable, vile, wicked, despicable. 2. Less, deficient, defective. E. ni before, ūna less, affix ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून).—i. e. ni-ūna, adj., f. . 1. Defective, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 16, 21. 2. Wanting, Mahābhārata 3, 4057; artha-, Poor. 3. Smaller, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 116; less, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 203. 4. Low, Mahābhārata 13, 6616. 5. Inferior, Mahābhārata 1, 5592.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून).—[adjective] wanting, incomplete, defective, inferior, smaller, less by ([instrumental] or —°), less than ([ablative]); low, vile.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nyūna (न्यून):—[=ny-ūna] mf(ā)n. ([from] ni with ūna) less, diminished, defective, deficient (opp. to ati-rikta, adhika, pūrṇa), destitute or deprived of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), inferior to ([ablative]), [Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (with pādaiḥ) having a defect in the feet, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] low, vile, base, mean, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira; Purāṇa]

4) [=ny-ūna] n. euphem. = vulva, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] want or omission of one of the 5 members in a Nyāya argument, [Nyāyasūtra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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