Nyuna, Nyūna: 18 definitions


Nyuna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Neyun.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nyūna (न्यून).—Incomplete in sense or wording as opposed to Pūrṇa; cf. अयवावे न्यूने (ayavāve nyūne) (पादे न संनिकृष्येते (pāde na saṃnikṛṣyete)) R. T. 76.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Nyūna (न्यून) refers to a “tolerable” [?] (condition of the world), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Venus (śukra) should either disappear or reappear in a northern Vīthi there will be prosperity and happiness in the land; if in a central Vīthi there will not be much of either; and if in a southern Vīthi mankind will be afflicted with miseries. If Venus should disappear or reappear in the several Vīthis beginning from the northernmost one, the condition of the world will respectively be—1. Very excellent, 2. Excellent, 3. Good. 4. Fair, 5. Moderate, 6. Tolerable [i.e., nyūna], 7. Poor, 8. Very poor, 9. Miserable”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Nyūna (न्यून) refers to “(being) diminished”, according to Somānanda’s Śivadṛṣṭi verse 3.42cd–47.—Accordingly, “Given that he [i.e., Śiva] exists of his own volition in the form of (all) the entities (that make up the universe), how is existence dependent on another than himself? If, for example, you say it [i.e., the purported dependence] is one similar to (the example of curds, whose genesis depends on the) milk (of which they are comprised), it [i.e., the universe] would be insentient, dependent on another. The fault (attributed to our system) that must be corrected—being pure, being diminished (nyūna), or the like—is precisely the result of this (wrong) point of view. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nyūna (न्यून) refers to “deficient”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.28 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin): “[...]  Whenever the lord of the gods wants to see Śiva he has to propitiate His gate-keepers, the ghosts etc., otherwise his crown becomes shattered by batons. Really Śiva is a great lord. He has no need for many attendants. What is it that cannot befall one who serves the auspicious-featured Śiva. What is deficient (nyūna) in that lord? Does Sadāśiva like me?”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Buddhist philosophy

Source: Google Books: A History of Indian Logic (Buddhist Philosophy)

Nyūna (न्यून) refers to “saying too little” and represents one of the various “points of defeat” (nigrahasthāna), according to Upāyakauśalyahṛdaya, an ancient work on the art of debate composed by Bodhisattva Nāgārjuna.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nyūna (न्यून).—a (S) Less. 2 Less, short, deficient, defective. 3 Lower (in price, value, rank).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nyūna (न्यून).—a Less. Short, deficient. Lower (in price, value, rank).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून).—a.

1) Lessened, diminished, shortened.

3) Defective, inferior, deficient, wanting, destitute of; as in अर्थन्यून (arthanyūna); अथ कस्मादेतानि वैकृतानि वाक्यानि न्यूनान्येव नानुमन्यन्ते । किमेभिः पूरितैः । न्यूनानि अनेकार्थानि भवन्ति (atha kasmādetāni vaikṛtāni vākyāni nyūnānyeva nānumanyante | kimebhiḥ pūritaiḥ | nyūnāni anekārthāni bhavanti) ŚB. on MS.7.4.12.

3) Less (opp. adhika); न्यूनाधिकविभक्तानां धर्म्यः पितृकृतः स्मृतः (nyūnādhikavibhaktānāṃ dharmyaḥ pitṛkṛtaḥ smṛtaḥ) Y.2.116.

4) Defective (in some organ); पाद° (pāda°).

5) Low, wicked, vile, despicable.

-nam Want or omission of one of the five members in a Nyāya argument.

-nam ind. Less, in a less degree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Blamable, vile, wicked, despicable. 2. Less, deficient, defective. E. ni before, ūna less, affix ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून).—i. e. ni-ūna, adj., f. . 1. Defective, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 16, 21. 2. Wanting, Mahābhārata 3, 4057; artha-, Poor. 3. Smaller, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 116; less, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 203. 4. Low, Mahābhārata 13, 6616. 5. Inferior, Mahābhārata 1, 5592.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून).—[adjective] wanting, incomplete, defective, inferior, smaller, less by ([instrumental] or —°), less than ([ablative]); low, vile.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nyūna (न्यून):—[=ny-ūna] mf(ā)n. ([from] ni with ūna) less, diminished, defective, deficient (opp. to ati-rikta, adhika, pūrṇa), destitute or deprived of ([instrumental case] or [compound]), inferior to ([ablative]), [Brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (with pādaiḥ) having a defect in the feet, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] low, vile, base, mean, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira; Purāṇa]

4) [=ny-ūna] n. euphem. = vulva, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] want or omission of one of the 5 members in a Nyāya argument, [Nyāyasūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Blameable; vile; deficient, less.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nyūna (न्यून) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇūṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nyuna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nyūna (न्यून) [Also spelled neyun]:—(a) less; lacking, deficient; low, inferior; small; —[koṇa] acute angle; ~[tama] minimum, minimal; ~[tara] lesser, less than, smaller; hence ~[] (nf); —[mūlyāṃkana] under-valuation.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nyūna (ನ್ಯೂನ):—

1) [adjective] deficient; incomplete.

2) [adjective] defective; faulty.

3) [adjective] inferior; of low or poor quality.

--- OR ---

Nyūna (ನ್ಯೂನ):—[noun] = ನ್ಯೂನತೆ [nyunate].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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