Niyati, Nīyati, Nīyāti, Niyatī: 24 definitions


Niyati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Niyati (नियति):—Fifth of the five factors of limitation (kañcuka) that occur in the second stage during the unity of Śiva and Śakti (subject and object). Their unity is initiated upon the cosmic process of creation.

Source: Kashmir Saivism

Niyati: Siva is all-pervasive and omnipresent in Time and Space. Niyati Tattva is the Chit Sakti of Siva that has contracted in such a way that the individual does not think of the all-pervasiveness of the Soul. Now you see that the Pure Consciousness of Siva has contracted in man who thinks in terms of limitation of body in space and time and not in terms of Siva Consciousness, all pervasiveness and omnipresence in Time and Space.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Niyati (नियति).—A daughter called Lakṣmī and two sons called Dhātā and Vidhātā were born to maharṣi Bhṛgu of his wife Khyāti. Dhatā and Vidhātā married Āyati and Niyati, daughters of Meru. A son named Prāṇa was born to Vidhātā, and this Prāṇa became father of Mṛkaṇḍu and grandfather of Mārkaṇḍeya. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 10).

Niyati after her death became a Devī, and she continues to worship Brahmā in his court. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 43).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Niyatī (नियती).—A daughter of Meru and Dhāraṇi; wife of Vidhāta (Dhāta, Vāyu-purāṇa) and mother of Mṛkaṇḍu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 43-44; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 6; 13. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 4; 30. 34. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 3.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Niyati (नियति) refers to one of the three daughters of Meru and Dhāriṇi, according to the Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Ākūti was married to Ruci and Prasūti to Dakṣa. Dakṣa produced in Prasūti twenty-four daughters. [...] [Svadhā was given to Pitṛs.] Pitṛ and Svadhā had two daughters—Menā and Dhāriṇi. Dhāriṇi was married to Meru and had a son named Mandara and three daughters—Velā, Niyati and Āyati.

Dhātā and Vidhātā became the Sons-in-law of Meru marrying Āyati and Niyati respectively. Prāṇa was born form Dhātā and Mṛkaṇḍu was born from Vidhātā.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Niyati (नियति) is the Sanskrit name for a deity to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (e.g., to Niyati).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Niyati (नियति):—[niyatiḥ] Destiny

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Niyatī (नियती) (Cf. Niyat) refers to the “entering” (of the principle over which goddess Nityā resides), according to the Kulakaulinīmata verse 136-140.—Accordingly, “The goddess Nityā is always white and, completely full, resides in the circle of the moon. She is adorned with a rosary of crystal and a book. She is in the middle of a forest of Kadamba trees and enters into one's own body. The principle (over which she presides) is between the vital breath and is located above (Śiva) the Tranquil One. One should repeat it along with emission at the beginning and end of the Vidyā. One should make it enter (niyat) with the force of a river carrying along with it all the scriptures. Once placed within the heart, one becomes the Lord of Speech himself. He knows all that is made of speech and contemplates the principle which is the meaning of all written prose. O great goddess! By reciting it a 100,000 times a man becomes a (great) poet”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: International Journal of Jaina Studies: Haribhadra Sūri on Nyāya and Sāṃkhya

Niyati (नियति) or Niyativāda refers to “(the doctrine about) faith”.—The Śāstravārtāsamuccaya by Haribhadra Sūri’s is not a compendium of philosophical systems (darśana) but a comprehensive account (samuccaya) of doctrinal (śāstra) expositions (vārtā/vārttā) or simply doctrines (vāda). The Śāstravārtāsamuccaya (also, Śāstravārttāsamuccaya) is subdivided into stabakas, chapters or sections, for example: Kālavāda, Svabhāvavāda, Niyati-vāda and Karmavāda—on the doctrines about the leading principle in the world: time, essence, faith or karma.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

niyati : (f.) fate; destiny. || nīyati (pass. of neti), is led or carried. nīyāti (ni + yā + a), is led, guided or conducted; is carried.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nīyati, (Sk. nīyati, Pass. of neti) to be led or guided, to go, to be moved S. I, 39 (cittena nīyati loko); Dh. 175; Pv. I, 111 (=vahīyati PvA. 56); J. I, 264 (ppr. nīyamāna); PvA. 4 (id.); DhA. III, 177; Sdhp. 292, 302. Also found in spelling niyyati at Sn. 851; Nd1 223 (=yāyati, vuyhati), 395.—In the sense of a Med. in imper. nīyāmase (let us take) Pv. II, 91 (=nayissāma PvA. 113). (Page 375)

— or —

Nīyāti, see niyyāti. (Page 375)

— or —

Niyati, (f.) (cp. Sk. niyati, ni+yam) necessity, fate, destiny D. I, 53; DA. I, 161; VvA. 341; PvA. 254. (Page 368)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—f.

1) Restraint, restriction.

2) Destiny, fate, luck, fortune (good or bad); (sometimes personified as a goddess, the sister of Āyati, both being daughters of Meru and wives of Dhātṛ and Vidhātṛ); नियति- बलान्नु (niyati- balānnu) Dk.; नियतेर्नियोगात् (niyaterniyogāt) Śiśupālavadha 4.34; Kirātārjunīya 2.12;4.21.

3) A religious duty or obligation; नियतिः कारणं लोके नियतिः कर्मसाधनम् । नियतिः सर्वभूतानां नियोगोष्बिह कारणम् (niyatiḥ kāraṇaṃ loke niyatiḥ karmasādhanam | niyatiḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ niyogoṣbiha kāraṇam) || Rām.4.25. 4.

4) Self-command, self-restraint.

Derivable forms: niyatiḥ (नियतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—absorption, addiction (sc. to worldly things): Śikṣāsamuccaya 19.18 (na…parigraho…) nādhyavasānaṃ, na niyatiḥ, na tṛṣṇānuśayaḥ kartavyaḥ. Not so recorded in Sanskrit or Pali; but Sanskrit niyata is used similarly ([Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. yam plus ni, 3: sich beschränkend…ganz bei einer Sache seiend). Elsewhere niyanti, q.v., an irregular formation, is used in the same sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Destiny, luck, good or bad fortune. 2. A religious duty or obligation. 3. Self-command, self-restraint. 4. A name of Durga. 5. Abidya, or the will of god E. ni before, yam to refrain, affix karaṇe ktin or ktic .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—i. e. ni-yam + ti, f. Destiny, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 24, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—[feminine] the fixed order of things; necessity, destiny (also [person or personal]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niyati (नियति):—[=ni-yati] [from ni-yam] f. the fixed order of things, necessity, destiny, fate, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc. (sometimes personified as a goddess, Niyati and Āyati being regarded as daughters of Meru and wives of Dhātṛ and Vidhātṛ, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] restraint, restriction

3) [v.s. ...] religious duty or obligation

4) [v.s. ...] self-command, self-restraint, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Niyatī (नियती):—[=ni-yatī] [from ni-yati > ni-yam] f. Name of Durgā, [DevīP.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyati (नियति):—(tiḥ) 2. f. Destiny, luck; religious duty. f. (to) Durgā.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Niyati (नियति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇiai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Niyati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Niyati (नियति):—(nf) destiny, fate; luck; ~[vāda] fatalism determination; ~[vādī] fatalist(ic), determinist (ic); —[kā khela] vicissitudes of destiny, wonders wrought by destiny; —[naṭī] the reigning queen of destiny.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Niyati (ನಿಯತಿ):—

1) [noun] a restraining or being restrained; restraint; restriction.

2) [noun] the destiny a) what will necessarily happen to any person or thing; fate; b) the supernatural agency that determines events (overwhich no one else has control).

3) [noun] a rule ordinance or law by which something is regulated; regulation.

4) [noun] a religious duty, observation (performed as per one’s vow).

5) [noun] (phil.) the intrinsic energy that all the things in the universe have.

6) [noun] a controlling or subduing of one’s passions.

7) [noun] the fixed order of things.

8) [noun] (gram.) a regular occuring or reoccuring without variations.

9) [noun] the power or ability the Sureme Being has to regulate the destiny of individuals.

10) [noun] (vīr.) the fact or condition of being regulated by the Supreme Being.

11) [noun] (yoga.) one of the twelve forms of the mystic lotus in the human heart.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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