Niyati, Nīyati, Nīyāti, Niyatī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Niyati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Niyati (नियति):—Fifth of the five factors of limitation (kañcuka) that occur in the second stage during the unity of Śiva and Śakti (subject and object). Their unity is initiated upon the cosmic process of creation.

Source: bhagavadgitausa.com: Kashmir Saivism

Niyati: Siva is all-pervasive and omnipresent in Time and Space. Niyati Tattva is the Chit Sakti of Siva that has contracted in such a way that the individual does not think of the all-pervasiveness of the Soul. Now you see that the Pure Consciousness of Siva has contracted in man who thinks in terms of limitation of body in space and time and not in terms of Siva Consciousness, all pervasiveness and omnipresence in Time and Space.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Niyati (नियति).—A daughter called Lakṣmī and two sons called Dhātā and Vidhātā were born to maharṣi Bhṛgu of his wife Khyāti. Dhatā and Vidhātā married Āyati and Niyati, daughters of Meru. A son named Prāṇa was born to Vidhātā, and this Prāṇa became father of Mṛkaṇḍu and grandfather of Mārkaṇḍeya. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 10).

Niyati after her death became a Devī, and she continues to worship Brahmā in his court. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 43).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Niyatī (नियती).—A daughter of Meru and Dhāraṇi; wife of Vidhāta (Dhāta, Vāyu-purāṇa) and mother of Mṛkaṇḍu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 43-44; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 11. 6; 13. 37; Vāyu-purāṇa 28. 4; 30. 34. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 3.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Niyati (नियति) is the Sanskrit name for a deity to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Niyati).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

niyati : (f.) fate; destiny. || nīyati (pass. of neti), is led or carried. nīyāti (ni + yā + a), is led, guided or conducted; is carried.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nīyati, (Sk. nīyati, Pass. of neti) to be led or guided, to go, to be moved S. I, 39 (cittena nīyati loko); Dh. 175; Pv. I, 111 (=vahīyati PvA. 56); J. I, 264 (ppr. nīyamāna); PvA. 4 (id.); DhA. III, 177; Sdhp. 292, 302. Also found in spelling niyyati at Sn. 851; Nd1 223 (=yāyati, vuyhati), 395.—In the sense of a Med. in imper. nīyāmase (let us take) Pv. II, 91 (=nayissāma PvA. 113). (Page 375)

— or —

Nīyāti, see niyyāti. (Page 375)

— or —

Niyati, (f.) (cp. Sk. niyati, ni+yam) necessity, fate, destiny D. I, 53; DA. I, 161; VvA. 341; PvA. 254. (Page 368)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—f.

1) Restraint, restriction.

2) Destiny, fate, luck, fortune (good or bad); (sometimes personified as a goddess, the sister of Āyati, both being daughters of Meru and wives of Dhātṛ and Vidhātṛ); नियति- बलान्नु (niyati- balānnu) Dk.; नियतेर्नियोगात् (niyaterniyogāt) Śi.4.34; Ki.2.12;4.21.

3) A religious duty or obligation; नियतिः कारणं लोके नियतिः कर्मसाधनम् । नियतिः सर्वभूतानां नियोगोष्बिह कारणम् (niyatiḥ kāraṇaṃ loke niyatiḥ karmasādhanam | niyatiḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ niyogoṣbiha kāraṇam) || Rām.4.25. 4.

4) Self-command, self-restraint.

Derivable forms: niyatiḥ (नियतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—absorption, addiction (sc. to worldly things): Śikṣ 19.18 (na…parigraho…) nādhyavasānaṃ, na niyatiḥ, na tṛṣṇānuśayaḥ kartavyaḥ. Not so recorded in Sanskrit or Pali; but Sanskrit niyata is used similarly (BR s.v. yam plus ni, 3: sich beschränkend…ganz bei einer Sache seiend). Elsewhere niyanti, q.v., an irregular formation, is used in the same sense.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Destiny, luck, good or bad fortune. 2. A religious duty or obligation. 3. Self-command, self-restraint. 4. A name of Durga. 5. Abidya, or the will of god E. ni before, yam to refrain, affix karaṇe ktin or ktic .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—i. e. ni-yam + ti, f. Destiny, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 24, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyati (नियति).—[feminine] the fixed order of things; necessity, destiny (also [person or personal]).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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