Niyamana, Niyāmana: 12 definitions

Introduction

Niyamana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Niyāmana (नियामन):—Seventh of the eighteen Saṃskāra (special purification process). They are used to purify rasa (mercury) as per Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy), and are mentioned in texts such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. In Āyurveda, Saṃskāra refers to the “detoxification” process of metals and herbs. The Niyāmana-saṃskāra is commonly used for Dravya-karma and Rasāyana-karma, but also to change (rasa) in its undesired properties and to improve its Bubhukṣā. In other words: the first eight saṃskāras are sequentially used to purify and detoxify mercury in preparation for internal use. Niyāmana refers to the process of the ‘restraining’ of mercury, which reduces its motility, raises its temperature of evaporation and renders it lustrous in appearance, by soaking it in a bath of alkaline and herbal substances, and then steaming it.

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Niyamana, “regulation” or “restraint,” reduces the motility of mercury (which it has recovered through the previous saṃskāra), raising its temperature of evaporation and rendering it lustrous in appearance. This is done by soaking mercury in a bath of alkaline and herbal substances and then steaming it.

Source: archive.org: History of Indian Science Technology (rasashastra)

Niyamana (नियमन, “restraining”) represents to the seventh of eighteen alchemical purification processes of mercury (mahārasa, rasendra or pārada). A religio-philosophic base was given to mercury-based alchemy in India. Mercury was looked upon as the essence of God Śiva, and sulphur as that of Goddess Pārvatī.

Mercury had to undergo 18 processes (eg., niyamana) before it could be used for transforming either metals or the human body. A combination of male and female principles (i.e. mercury and sulphur) forming cinnabar or mercuric sulphide or even of mercury and mica, was supposed to be highly potent and was therefore consumed as a Rasāyana or medicine for increasing body fluids or vitality. The earliest mention of Rasāyana was found in Āyurveda which was probably composed by 8th or 9th century BC, since it was a part of Atharvaveda, the last of the four Vedas.

Source: Academia.edu: Ayurveda and Pharmaceutics (rasashastra)

Niyamana (restraining).—One of the eight Aṣṭasamskāra, or, processes that render mercury fit for internal use. These Aṣṭasamskāra of pārada (eight detoxification techniques for mercury) are mandatory before mercury is used in the pharmaceutical preparations. Niyamana and dīpana processes are done using Ḍolayantra with some herbs like Eclipta alba, garlic, pepper, drumsticks etc.

Source: CCRAS: Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India, Appendix I

Niyāmana (नियामन):—The seventh of the eight purification steps of Pārada (mercury), also known as the Aṣṭasaṃskāra.—Prepare kalka of the ingredients numbered [ii] to [vii], add with Pārada and prepare a poṭṭalī. Suspend the poṭṭalī in a Dolā-yantra containing Kāñji and boil. Remove Pārada and kalka, wash carefully with warm water and collect Pārada. (see the Rasahṛdayatantra 2.10: a 10th-century Sanskrit alchemical treatise by Govinda Bhagavatpāda).

Ingredients:

  1. Pārada [Mercury] (1 part),
  2. Phaṇi [Nāgavallī] (1/16th part of the Leaves),
  3. Laśuna (1/16th part of the Bulbs),
  4. Ambujā (1/16th part),
  5. Karkoṭi (1/16th part),
  6. Mārkava [Bhṛṅgarāja] (1/16th part of the Whole plant),
  7. Ciñcikā [Ciñcā ] (1/16th part of the Leaves),
  8. Kāñji (quantum satis).
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Niyamana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

niyamana : (nt.) fixing; settling; definition.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Niyamana, (nt.) (Sk. niyamana, to niyameti) fixing, settling, definition, explanation in detail Miln. 352 (lakkha-n° aiming at the target); VvA. 22 (visesattha°); 231, PvA. 255 (so read for nigamana?). (Page 368)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

niyamana (नियमन).—n S Restraining, controlling, regulating, ruling.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

niyamana (नियमन).—n Restraining, controlling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Niyamana (नियमन).—

1) Checking, punishing, restraining, subduing; नियमनादसतां च नराधिपः (niyamanādasatāṃ ca narādhipaḥ) R.9.6.

2) Restriction, limitation.

3) Humiliation.

4) A precept, fixed rule.

5) Binding, tying down.

Derivable forms: niyamanam (नियमनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyamana (नियमन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Precept, fixed practice or rule. 2. Binding. 3. Restraining, checking. E. ni before, yam to restrain, affix bhāve lyuṭ.

--- OR ---

Nīyamāna (नीयमान).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Being sought or obtained. 2. Being taken away, E. to obtain, śānac aff. yak inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Niyamana (नियमन).—[ni-yam + ana], I. adj. Subduing, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 10684. Ii. n. 1. Subduing, Mahābhārata 3, 1075. 2. Restriction, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 4, 137.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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